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23:40 Dec 25, 2010
This question was closed without grading. Reason: Other

English to Russian translations [PRO]
Medical - Psychology
English term or phrase: assumptions,
The limited capacity of consciousness as an executive system creates an adaptive requirement for it to operate on finite number of assumptions, and to orient, allocate, and focus on novel problems whose solution is not already hardwired by millions of years of evolution.
Aovin
Russian Federation
Local time: 04:14
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Summary of answers provided
4 +1предположения
Olga Pinchuk
4посылки/аксиомы
Michael Korovkin
4установки
rns
4постулатыJive
3 +1допущения
Sanych_Msk
3предпосылки
Vanda Nissen


  

Answers


16 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
предпосылки


Explanation:
Но такие тексты трудно переводить, нужно несколько абзацев (как минимум), чтобы быть уверенным.

... ограниченное число предпосылок

Vanda Nissen
Australia
Local time: 11:14
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in RussianRussian
PRO pts in category: 10
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4 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5 peer agreement (net): +1
допущения


Explanation:
Мне чаще такой вариант перевода импонирует. Ученые делают ограниченное число допущений (бывает, что и постулатов или аксиом, но это более помпезно, и тогда другие английские слова используют - postulate, axiom), затем на их основе делают логические построения, стремясь в конечном счете, отразить наблюдаемые явления.

Sanych_Msk
Russian Federation
Local time: 04:14
Native speaker of: Native in RussianRussian

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Igor Antipin
45 mins
  -> Спасибо!
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22 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
постулаты


Explanation:
Сознание должно функционировать на основе конечного набора постулатов (фундаментальных предположений).






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Note added at 7 hrs (2010-12-26 07:36:58 GMT)
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Мне кажется, важно подчеркнуть фундаментальность данных предположений как основы функционирования сознания. "Постулат" выражает это одним словом.


    Reference: http://www.google.com/search?q="постулаты"%2Bсозна...
Jive
Local time: 02:14
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in RussianRussian, Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 32
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8 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
assumptions
установки


Explanation:
действовать на основе конечного множества установок

rns
Native speaker of: Native in RussianRussian
PRO pts in category: 8
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10 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +1
предположения


Explanation:
Простой, доходчивый, часто употребляемый дословный перевод


    Reference: http://www.google.com.ua/search?hl=uk&source=hp&biw=1024&bih...
Olga Pinchuk
Ukraine
Local time: 03:14
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in UkrainianUkrainian, Native in RussianRussian

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  xxxyanadeni
7 hrs
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2 days 9 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
посылки/аксиомы


Explanation:
здесь - так. “Постулаты“ Бориса - тоже хорошо.

Но не ПРЕДпосылки и еще менее того - предположения

Michael Korovkin
Italy
Local time: 02:14
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in RussianRussian
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