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Explanation: What is VRE?
VRE is Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus.
Enterococcus are bacteria that live in the digestive and genital tracts. They are normally benign and don't cause any problems in healthy people.
Vancomycin is a powerful antibiotic that is often the antibiotic of last resort. It is generally limited to use against bacteria that are already resistant to penicillin and other antibiotics.
Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus is a mutant strain of Enterococcus that originally developed in individuals who were exposed to the antibiotic. It was first identified in Europe in 1986, and in the U.S. in 1988.
En los últimos cinco años se ha reportado, en los hospitales de Estados Unidos, un rápido incremento en la incidencia de infección y colonización con enterococos resistentes a vancomicina (ERV). Este incremento puede ocasionar varios problemas, entre los que pueden destacarse: