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04:25 May 14, 2001
English to Turkish translations [Non-PRO] Science
English term or phrase:auxin status of transformewd solanum plants
introduction of the genes responsible for IAA biosynthesis and metabolism by methods of genetic engineering makes it possible to study the basis for the regulation of plant growth and development and create new highly productive types of transgenic plants with improved hormonal status.Great progress has been made in isolating genes and producing transgenic forms.However,no considerable changes were reported in plant hormonal status or improved productivity owing to the transgenes coding for key enzymes of IAA biosynthesis.
About 1,500 Solanum species exist in the world, and they include some of the most common garden plants such as potato
(Solanum tuberosum L.) and eggplant (Solanum melongena L.). One of the species, Jerusalem cherry (Solanum
pseudocapcicum L.) is grown as a house plant for its compact form and small round berries which turn bright red at maturity.
The tomato (Lycopercison esculentum Mill.) is also a related plant. Included in this entry are descriptions of Black
Nightshade, Bittersweet Nightshade, Silverleaf Nightshade, and Horse Nettle. Other related species may be found under their
AUXIN:The term auxin is derived from the Greek word auxein meaning to grow. Auxin is a generic term representing a
class of compounds which are characterized by their capacity to induce elongation in shoot cells in the subapical region
and resemble indole-3-acetic acid in physiological action. Auxins may, and generally do, affect other processes besides
elongation, but elongation is considered critical. Auxins are generally acids with an unsaturated nucleus or their