éclat massif débordant

12:10 Nov 28, 2019
French to English translations [PRO]
Tech/Engineering - Archaeology / outils
French term or phrase: éclat massif débordant
Outil en silex trouvé dans les environs de Sclayn (Belgique)
Scripto Sensu
Belgium
Local time: 10:52


Summary of answers provided
5massive overshot flake / massive plunging flake
traduck
4lithic debitage/ core flake
Justin Reeve
3(Large?) core edge flake
JaneD
1lithic solid core edge plunging flake
andres-larsen


  

Answers


1 hr   confidence: Answerer confidence 1/5Answerer confidence 1/5
Eclat massif débordant
lithic solid core edge plunging flake


Explanation:
lithic solid core edge plunging flake

sources:

Levalloisian stone-flaking technique | anthropology | Britannica
https://www.britannica.com › technology › Levalloisian-stone-flaking-tech...
Levalloisian stone-flaking technique, toolmaking technique of prehistoric ... had sharp cutting edges, and are believed to have been used as skinning knives. ... …of the prepared-core technique, termed Levallois, was developed during the ...

Identifying Major Transitions in the Evolution of Lithic ... - NCBI
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov › pmc › articles › PMC5147885
A Muller - ‎2016 - ‎
Dec 9, 2016 - We therefore include Levallois flaking in our experimental sample to .... Prismatic blade core production in this experiment involved establishing a strong .... cutting edge per gram of core than plunging (U = 2517; p = 0.002), ...

Flintknapping Glossary of Terms - Primitive Archer
www.primitivearcher.com › smf
An abrasive object that is rubbed against the surface or edge of a core to create a dull, rounded, and/or polished area. ... Also, the flake scar may or may not show evidence that the flake was ... Amorphous solids are brittle and will fracture like glass. ...... Sometimes confused with a plunging flake or plunging termination. P

Lithic flake - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Lithic_flake
In archaeology, a lithic flake is a "portion of rock removed from an objective piece by percussion ... When a flake is detached from its core in a Hertzian fashion, the flake ... but rather further away from the edge of the core, resulting in a flake with no ... Flake terminations may be feathered, hinged, stepped, or plunging (also ...

Lithic flake - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Lithic_flake
In archaeology, a lithic flake is a "portion of rock removed from an objective piece by percussion .... Plunging flakes are the result of the force rolling back towards the core and often taking off its "bottom". Hinge, step, and plunging terminations, ...

Levallois technique - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Levallois_technique
The technique was more sophisticated than earlier methods of lithic reduction, involving the striking of lithic flakes from a prepared lithic core. A striking platform is formed at one end and then the core's edges are trimmed by flaking off pieces around the outline of the intended lithic flake.

Submerged Prehistory - Bookprice.uk
bookprice.uk › download › 91663-Submerged-Prehistory
edges become thick (0.5 cm) as well as concave. In cross section this ...... adze-like' core adze and a few rejuvenation flakes from core adzes with a ...... Eclat levallois débordant. 1. 1. Plunging flake .... Armorican Massif (where raw material, i.e. flint, is accessible in ...... At the Danish sites, the solid fishing structures of woven ...

(PDF) Submerged Prehistory | Jonathan Benjamin - Academia ...
https://www.academia.edu › Submerged_Prehistory
York, Council for British Archaeology: finds on and off the Dutch coast. ...... It therefore constitutes Morphological analysis shows that the upper a massif, i.e. a large .... à face 1/3 4 corticale Preparation flake with lateral Eclat d'aménagement de ... Levallois flake Eclat levallois débordant 1 1 Plunging flake Eclat débordant 2 2 ...

Levallois/non-Levallois determinations in the Early Levant ...
https://www.persee.fr › doc › paleo_0153-9345_1983_num_9_2_4338
L Copeland - ‎1983 - ‎
For ordinary flakes the core could now be used, but the extra, or Levallois, part of the process, consisting of additional faceting, now follows : flakes are removed centripetally on the upper or flaking-surface so as to make it slightly domed, like a tortoise back. The striking-platform can then be trimmed (fig.

a) “Débordant” (core edge) Levallois flake with an ...
https://www.researchgate.net › figure › a-Debordant-core-edge-Levallois-fla...
For example, the Levallois method depends on the alternative production of an “ éclat débordant ” (core edge flake) and other types of “maintenance” flakes, and ...

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Note added at 1 hr (2019-11-28 13:22:29 GMT)
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Tranchet flake - Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Tranchet_flake
Known as one of the major categories in core-trimming flakes, the making of a tranchet flake involves removing a flake parallel to the final intended cutting-edge ...

andres-larsen
Venezuela
Local time: 05:52
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
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5 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
Eclat massif débordant
(Large?) core edge flake


Explanation:
"éclat débordant" = "core edge flake" (see first reference).

My feeling is that the "massif" bit isn't necessarily required in English (see Fig. 6 in the second reference), or that it perhaps simply refers to a more substantial flake.

If this is a specialised text, you don't need to insert any reference to "lithic" as this will be understood.


    Reference: http://www.paleoanthro.org/static/journal/content/PA20110334...
    https://www.persee.fr/doc/bspf_0249-7638_2012_num_109_2_14110
JaneD
Sweden
Local time: 10:52
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 11
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2 days 10 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
lithic debitage/ core flake


Explanation:
The term refers to the remains of a used up lithic tool. I'm guessing that you're translating something like a report or field note because you'd be less likely to see a term like this used in a book or journal. I can't tell for sure because you haven't provided enough context, but if there's more than one eclat massif debordant, I'd use the term stone or lithic debitage, but if it's a single find, I'd use the term core flake. I'm a professional field archaeologist.

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Note added at 2 days 10 hrs (2019-11-30 22:56:25 GMT)
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Something to note here is that what's actually being referred to is an eclat debordant... en massif. This may be the source of the confusion.

Justin Reeve
Canada
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
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23 days   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5
massive overshot flake / massive plunging flake


Explanation:
= éclat massif et débordant = a massive [very large] flake that is overshot or plunging (see below discussions of the choice of overshot vs. plunging)

sources:
-https://ore.exeter.ac.uk/repository/bitstream/handle/10871/1...
"In terms of Clovis technology, Bradley, et al. (2010:68) describe an overshot flake as a piece that when struck travels from “one margin across a face of a biface (or any other form)” ultimately removing the opposite margin of the parent piece. However, Inizan, et al., (1999) describe overshots as a “plunging” flake where the termination arches “sharply” forward. Inizan, et al. (1999) acknowledge that overshooting a flake can be either accidental or intentional"... "Regardless of being technological, morphological, or a fatal error, the use of the terms “overshot” and “plunging” are synonymous within the realm of fracture mechanics, specifically the load, force, and energy that is required to create them"

- https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/ca38/5110c8b2a909c1e5531d22... "Overshot flakes or flake scars interpreted as intentional and positive outcomes are called “overshot specimens.” However, tech- nologically speaking, overshot flakes or flake scars may also represent unintended and negative outcomes, such as when an early stage basal thinning flake plunges, splitting a biface in half. We call these negative examples “plunging speci- mens.” By presenting three plunging specimens below, we hope to elucidate the distinction between margin removal and end removal that Bradley et al. [1] make in their defini- tion of overshot flaking."

-myself (lithic archaeologist)



    https://ore.exeter.ac.uk/repository/bitstream/handle/10871/17564/LittlefieldN.pdf?sequence=3&isAllowed=n
    https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/ca38/5110c8b2a909c1e5531d229c30a6011eeacb.pdf
traduck
Germany
Local time: 02:52
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in FrenchFrench
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