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despotisme éclairé

English translation: "enlightened despotism"

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23:45 Aug 30, 2000
French to English translations [PRO]
Art/Literary
French term or phrase: despotisme éclairé
Telle est la réalité bigarée que désigne la bizarre expression de "despotisme éclairé", et que dominent les figures de Frédéric II de Prusse et de l'empereur Joseph II.
Agius Language & Translation
United Kingdom
Local time: 16:31
English translation:"enlightened despotism"
Explanation:
Similar to "enlightened self-interest" in less autocratic countries (cf. Prime Minister Fox, if memory serves). The emperor Josef II mentioned here is most probably Franz-Josef II of Austria (a fine example of this particular style of government!).
Selected response from:

Heathcliff
United States
Local time: 08:31
Grading comment
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
na>> addendum to previous answer (see below) <<Heathcliff
naenlightened despotism
Carla Sherman
na"enlightened despotism"Brian KEEGAN
na"enlightened despotism"Heathcliff


  

Answers


17 mins
"enlightened despotism"


Explanation:
Similar to "enlightened self-interest" in less autocratic countries (cf. Prime Minister Fox, if memory serves). The emperor Josef II mentioned here is most probably Franz-Josef II of Austria (a fine example of this particular style of government!).

Heathcliff
United States
Local time: 08:31
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 953

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
Yolanda Broad

Louise Atfield
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1 hr
"enlightened despotism"


Explanation:
Such is the bizarre reality that is described by the expression "enlightened despotism", of which Frederick II of Prussia (Frederick the Great) and the Emperor (Franz-)Joseph II of Austria were the chief promulgators.

(I presume this is a concluding sentence in an article).


    own knowledge of history
Brian KEEGAN
Local time: 17:31
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 17

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
Yolanda Broad

Heathcliff

Nikki Scott-Despaigne
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12 hrs
enlightened despotism


Explanation:
This is the multicolored reality referred to by the bizarre expression "enlightened despotism", which is dominated by the figures of Frederick II of Prussia and the emperor Joseph II.


    long experience with history and french as a second language
Carla Sherman
United States
Local time: 08:31
Native speaker of: Native in PortuguesePortuguese

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
Heathcliff
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3 days 49 mins
>> addendum to previous answer (see below) <<


Explanation:
Or, in full: "Such is the variegated reality embraced by the apparently self-contradictory term "enlightened despotism," as typified predominantly by Frederick II of Prussia and Emperor Franz-Josef II [of Austria]."

For economy (and/or a touch of scholarly show-offiness), the phrase "apparently self-contradictory" could of course be replaced by the word "oxymoronic."

Heathcliff
United States
Local time: 08:31
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 953
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