KudoZ home » French to English » Marketing

grande et moyenne surface (GMS)

English translation: hypermarkets and supermarkets


Login or register (free and only takes a few minutes) to participate in this question.

You will also have access to many other tools and opportunities designed for those who have language-related jobs
(or are passionate about them). Participation is free and the site has a strict confidentiality policy.
French term or phrase:grande et moyenne surface (GMS)
English translation:hypermarkets and supermarkets
Entered by: Marie O.
- Contribute to this entry
- Include in personal glossary

14:56 Jul 2, 2003
French to English translations [PRO]
French term or phrase: grande et moyenne surface (GMS)
Contextexte de la grande distribution
Marie O.
Local time: 07:40
hypermarkets and supermarkets
Selected response from:

Local time: 07:40
Grading comment
Graded automatically based on peer agreement. KudoZ.
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer


Summary of answers provided
5 +5hypermarkets and supermarkets
5 +2... and other large stores
5 +2large and medium-size RETAIL OUTLETS
Jane Lamb-Ruiz
4 +1large and medium-sized stores
Karen Tucker



1 min   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +5
hypermarkets and supermarkets


Local time: 07:40
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 5264
Grading comment
Graded automatically based on peer agreement. KudoZ.

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Francis MARC: ou "megastores" et "superstores"
1 min

agree  Triangle Translations Int'l, LLC Daniel Bossut
2 mins

agree  Marian Greenfield
9 mins

agree  Parrot: Here's your gloss: http://forum.europa.eu.int/irc/dsis/coded/info/data/coded/en...
50 mins

agree  Helen D. Elliot: Exactly
3 days 21 hrs
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

11 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +1
large and medium-sized stores

Un terme plus general pour comprendre toutes sortes de magasins.

    Reference: http://www.axaprivateequity.com/content/UK/familles/fondsLBO...
Karen Tucker
United States
Local time: 01:40
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 394

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  xxxBourth
17 mins
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

34 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +2
... and other large stores


Originally we had "grandes surfaces".
<<Grande surface – supermarket [sic] – Grande unité relevant d'un nouveau commerce de vente au détail; hypermarché, grand supermarché, grande unité spécialisée en meubles, équipement ménager, bricolage, etc.. Ce terme ne s'applique pas à n'importe quel magasin de vente au détail de grande dimension>>
[Dictionnaire Commercial, CILF]

Then along came even bigger stores, I guess, and to lump the same shopping concept under one term, they came up with "grandes et moyennes surfaces".

"Supermarket" means a large self-service food shop (to me at least). The Hypermarket concept extends the range of goods sold – hifi, TV, ride-on tractors, satellite dishes, whatever. Still, to me at least, a hypermarket is a BIG food supermarket with all the sophisticated add-ons.

I don't think in English either of these terms can be used for large sports stores (Decathlon), large DIY stores (Castorama), large clothing stores (La Halle aux Vêtements), large toy stores (Toys R Us), large perfume and cosmetics stores (Bernardeau (?)), large appliance stores (Darty), large cultural stores (FNAC, Virgin Megastores - now there's a word for you!), etc. which the French refer to as GMS spécialisées, to distinguish them from the GMS "de base", which are "alimentaires" :
<<Grandes et moyennes surfaces alimentaires et spécialisées >>
[www.kompass.fr/actualite/secteurs/distribution/ html/chiffres_cles01.php]

<<Univers des magasins recensés en France
Grandes et moyennes surfaces alimentaires
> Hypermarchés (>= 2 500 m2)
> Supermarchés (400-2 499 m2)
> Hard-discount alimentaires
> Grands magasins
> Magasins populaires
> Cash and Carry
Grandes et moyennes surfaces spécialisées
> Bricolage >= 300 m2
> Jardin
> Lisa (libre-service agricole)
> Electrodomestique >= 300 m2
> Habillement >= 300 m2
> Sport >= 100 m2
> Jouet >= 100 m2
> Culture/Loisirs (librairie+disque+multimedia)
> Beauté/ Santé (Parfumeries, Parapharmacies) >>

<<Les grandes et moyennes surfaces alimentaires (GMSA) : ... >>

Then again, with the change in shopping methods that supermarkets brought about, things like "superettes" have been included in the term GMS.

<<Transférer le marché parapharmaceutique des officines vers les Grandes et Moyennes Surfaces (hypermarchés, supérettes...).>>

So maybe the change from GS to GMS was to include the new bottom of the range (self-service superettes) rather than the new top of the range (hypermarkets).

I'd suggest adding an element in English, to give "supermarkets, hypermarkets, and other large stores".

Maybe throw in "megastores" for good value!

Local time: 07:40
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 18679

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  xxxCMJ_Trans: and the kitchen sink?
4 mins
  -> Kitchen sinks? That's GME, a subsidiary of Lapeyre (large joinery stores) ;-)

agree  Monica Alves
15 mins

neutral  Jane Lamb-Ruiz: retail ouitlets, friend, retail outlets as opposed to wholesale distributors
36 mins
  -> Yee-es, but it's not quite so specific, doesn't give the same idea of what we're talking about (unless it doesn't matter).
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

1 hr   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +2
large and medium-size RETAIL OUTLETS


... JANA IMPORTS, Oakland 1986-90 Distribution Coordinator DEJA VU ... resume scanning is
primarily used by large (5000+ employees), and medium size (500-5000 ...
https://www.montgomeryworks.com/ E/00041/PDF_Dir/tips6.pdf - Similar pages

For Business: Making Industry Bigger, More Profitable, And ...
... Large and medium-size retail outlets ... This is a faster and less costly way of modifying
signs compared to the cost of printing, paper, distribution, and the ...
www.elecdesign.com/Articles/Index.cfm?ArticleID=2848 - 28k - Cached - Similar pages




Note added at 2003-07-02 16:05:53 (GMT)

SURFACE MEANS a retail outlet, please....the place where goods are sold to the public.....so far, there is no mega, hyper or anything else

one kind of surface is a hypermarché etc.

Let\'s not mix everything up here...

Note added at 2003-07-02 16:07:32 (GMT)

FOR all kinds of retails outlets defined, See Bourth above...

Jane Lamb-Ruiz
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in PortuguesePortuguese
PRO pts in pair: 8576

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
neutral  xxxCMJ_Trans: yes mother
5 mins
  -> no, whizz

agree  Clive Jones: Have big Anglo-French client who insists on this translation
6 hrs
  -> yes, because it's generic...similar to the BERRY problem. do you know it?

agree  Yolanda Broad
8 days
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

Return to KudoZ list

KudoZ™ translation help
The KudoZ network provides a framework for translators and others to assist each other with translations or explanations of terms and short phrases.

See also:

Term search
  • All of ProZ.com
  • Term search
  • Jobs
  • Forums
  • Multiple search