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Explanation: Could this be it? I found the following on the OncoLink page, which refers to "A and O" ("A" standing for astrocytomas and "O" for oligodendrogliomas):
With the introduction of new (immuno-)histochemical techniques it is now possible to assess rates of proliferation and apoptosis in brain gliomas using archival paraffin embedded material. As proliferation and apoptosis are related to tumour growth rate quantification of these processes has prognostic value and is related to tumour grading. In this study we assessed the proliferation rate by measuring the Ki-67 labelling index using the MIB-1 antibody (MIB-LI) and the apoptotic rate using the in situ labelling of DNA strand breaks with TUNEL (TUNEL-LI) in 315 supratentorial gliomas. MIB-LI and TUNEL-LI in astrocytomas (A) where significantly lower compared to anaplastic astrocytomas (AA), glioblastomas (GBM) and oligodendroglial tumours [oligodendrogliomas (O) and anaplastic oligodendrogliomas (AO)]. MIB-LI and TUNEL-LI were significantly lower in AA compared to GBM. In astrocytic tumours MIB-LI and TUNEL-LI appeared to be correlated. As the distinction between A and AA is of clinical value but can be difficult histomorphologically we analysed the prognostic value of MIB-LI and TUNEL-LI in gliomas with particular emphasis on A and AA. MIB-LI below 10% was of prognostic value in A and AA, O and AO but not in GBM on univariate survival analysis. TUNEL-LI was of no prognostic value. With multivariate survival analysis MIB-LI lost prognostic significance in O and AO. Astrocytomas with a gemistocytic component (AG) are similar to A with respect to survival and MIB-LI and TUNEL-LI. MIB-LI is of independent prognostic value in A and AA. Assessment of MIB-LI in A and AA can be used as an aid in distinguishing A and AA.
Daphne b Sweden Local time: 06:29 Native speaker of: Greek PRO pts in pair: 85