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ebenisterie/industrie du bois


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01:25 Oct 25, 2000
French to English translations [PRO]
French term or phrase: ebenisterie/industrie du bois
wood industry specialist terminology -
1. fond dur anti-tache (gomme laque (=shellac): what is the meaning here of fond dur?
2. bouche pore (de haute qualité) = ??
3. finition antiquaire à la matine = apparently matine is the shiny finish like on a piano, but is there a special termf for it?
4. popote à l'ancienne = what is a popote?

These are all products(polishes/varnishes)used in the antique wood industry..

Thankyou for your help.

Summary of answers provided
naprimer / grain filler / shellac / restoring paste?Louise Atfield



8 hrs
primer / grain filler / shellac / restoring paste?

1. fond dur = primer

" fond dur (m) primer"


Couche de fond très garnissante, séchage rapide. Relève peu les pores du bois. Facilite l'égrenage."


Couche de fond
à séchage très rapide.
Égrenage aisé. "

2.bouche pores= grain filler

"bouche pores grainfiller filler"

"Grain filler Bouche-pores"

3. matine = shellac (or maybe seedlac or buttonlac, but unlikely)


"La Matine Blonde est un vernis à base de gommes laques contenant encore leur cire et d'alcool. Notre Matine Blonde
est idéale pour boucher les pores, essentiellement sur les bois tendres comme le sapin.

La gomme-laque est produite par le coccuslacca, insecte qui vit sur des plantes (ficus et aleurites). Ces insectes percent les branches de ces plantes pour en sucer la sève. Ils secrètent une substance résineuse qui reste sur les branches. Cette substance est recueillie deux fois par an.

Pays producteur: l'Inde."

"Shellac is an animal product. The basic material comes from the Coccus lacca, a scale insect that feeds on certain trees in India and southern Asia. After feeding, the insect produces through its pores a gummy substance which hardens into a protective covering called lac."

See also this most informative site:

"The most basic form of shellac is called seedlac, which is sticklac that has been washed to remove some of the red dye and foreign matter such as twigs and such. From seedlac we get all the other types of shellac. The least expensive grade of shellac is traded as
TN which stands for "truly native" in this country. This type of shellac is processed from the raw sticklac by hand in India. Other grades of shellac which can be considered intermediates are #1 Lemon or Lemon-Orange all of which naturally contain wax. When seedlac is processed by hand in front of a hot fire using cloth sieves, the molten resin drips onto cooling stones and forms what is called buttonlac. Seedlac is also further refined by chemical bleaching and wax removal to produce the white-shellac sometimes still sold in paint stores.

The shellac industry grades shellac by many variables, but the two most common are wax content and color. The most expensive shellacs have virtually no wax content (less than 1%) and a high color number 70-80. The lower grades of shellac -- TN, orange lemon and buttonlac -- have a wax content from 3%-5 % and color numbers of 20 or lower.

Mail-order companies that sell dry shellac flakes classify it according to color (pale, dark, white, Super-blonde) and sometimes by grade (#1 Orange, Button-lac, Seedlac, etc.). Other characteristics to consider is whether it has been de-waxed."

4. popote = most probably "restoring or "cleaning paste"

"Popote de décrassage, spéciale antiquaire: supprime la crasse accumulée, enlève les taches d'eau,rond de verres...restaure la patine ancienne, évite le décapage des meubles anciens. S'utilise sur les meubles cirés et vernis."

"Popote vernis anciens: C'est une popote à recharger. Elle restaure les finitions au tampon usées et blanchies. Elle supprime par polissage, les défauts, les finis, les rayures et les taches. Redonne le brillant d'origine et dépose un léger film de vernis tampon."

"Popote de brillantage: spécialement étudiée pour l'entretien de tous les vernis anciens ou modernes. Elle redonne l'éclat et la brillance d'origine. Elle supprime les petits défauts et les micro rayures. Excellente pour les armoires de cuisine en bois, les portes, les parquets et les boiseries."


"Nettoyage des meubles et objets vernis
Popote " simili-laque " : pour meubles vernis, s’emploie pour nettoyer les meubles et faire renaître le vernis.
Popote cire : s’emploie pour rénover et nettoyer les meubles cirés.

"A noter que vous pouvez aussi vous procurer, chez les droguistes,
un produit spécial appelé popote d'ébéniste qui relève le brillant des meubles vernis."

    Reference: http://www.homesteadfinishing.com/shellac.htm
Louise Atfield
PRO pts in pair: 300
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