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torpille

English translation: torpedo stage

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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
French term or phrase:stade toprille
English translation:torpedo stage
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05:47 Jan 12, 2001
French to English translations [PRO]
Science
French term or phrase: torpille
In a paper on the introduction of genes into coffee plants the term "torpille" occurs in this sentence "Les embyons somatiques ont été prélevés sur les explants foliaires au stade torpille.
witebsk
Torpedo stage
Explanation:
It really is a straightforward translation of the term from one language to the other (I suspect it was coined in English first, as always...). See this text and its translation on the page address below:

" L'évolution des tendances a également montré que les niveaux d'ADN de la plupart des séquences étaient recouvrés au stade torpille-plantule, ce qui montre encore une corrélation entre la modulation de l'ADN et l'acquisition de la compétence embryogène."
"Modulation trends also showed that DNA levels of most sequences
recover at the torpedo-plantlet stage, which again correlates DNA modulation and the acquisition of embryogenic
competence"

http://www.nrc.ca/cisti/journals/gen/g99-022.html

Here are a few more examples of its use in English:

(on the ollowing site, you can see why this is called "torpedo stage"!)
http://www.wisc.edu/botit/Botany_130/Anatomy/Torpedo.html

By the say, same with "heart stage" at this address:
http://www.wisc.edu/botit/Botany_130/Anatomy/Heart.html

And here is a definition:
"5. Torpedo Stage: Continued localized areas with higher rates of cell division coupled to elongation of some cells
transforms the heart stage embryo into the torpedo stage embryo. In the torpedo stage embryo there is an obvious body
axis (defined as the SAM-RAM axis) and the cotyledons, hypocotyl, radical and suspensor can be distinguished. "
http://biotype.biology.dal.ca/biol3050/page2.html

You may find this last site very helpful for other terms in this field. It has descriptions of all the different stages of development of the plant embryo (e.g. globular stage, heart stage, etc.)
Selected response from:

Louise Atfield
Grading comment
I already sent an e-mail to Dauphine. She was most helpful in providing me with websites relating to the subject..
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
naTorpedo stageLouise Atfield
natorpedo stageTelesforo Fernandez


  

Answers


52 mins
torpedo stage


Explanation:
SEE THIS REFERENCE :
Modulation trends also showed that DNA levels of most sequences recover at the torpedo-plantlet stage, which again correlates DNA modulation and the acquisition of embryogenic competence. These results suggest that similar DNA variations may occur in plants in vivo during meiosis, possibly so that meiotic division may be properly completed.


Telesforo Fernandez
Local time: 16:50
PRO pts in pair: 216
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

1 hr
Torpedo stage


Explanation:
It really is a straightforward translation of the term from one language to the other (I suspect it was coined in English first, as always...). See this text and its translation on the page address below:

" L'évolution des tendances a également montré que les niveaux d'ADN de la plupart des séquences étaient recouvrés au stade torpille-plantule, ce qui montre encore une corrélation entre la modulation de l'ADN et l'acquisition de la compétence embryogène."
"Modulation trends also showed that DNA levels of most sequences
recover at the torpedo-plantlet stage, which again correlates DNA modulation and the acquisition of embryogenic
competence"

http://www.nrc.ca/cisti/journals/gen/g99-022.html

Here are a few more examples of its use in English:

(on the ollowing site, you can see why this is called "torpedo stage"!)
http://www.wisc.edu/botit/Botany_130/Anatomy/Torpedo.html

By the say, same with "heart stage" at this address:
http://www.wisc.edu/botit/Botany_130/Anatomy/Heart.html

And here is a definition:
"5. Torpedo Stage: Continued localized areas with higher rates of cell division coupled to elongation of some cells
transforms the heart stage embryo into the torpedo stage embryo. In the torpedo stage embryo there is an obvious body
axis (defined as the SAM-RAM axis) and the cotyledons, hypocotyl, radical and suspensor can be distinguished. "
http://biotype.biology.dal.ca/biol3050/page2.html

You may find this last site very helpful for other terms in this field. It has descriptions of all the different stages of development of the plant embryo (e.g. globular stage, heart stage, etc.)

Louise Atfield
PRO pts in pair: 300
Grading comment
I already sent an e-mail to Dauphine. She was most helpful in providing me with websites relating to the subject..
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)




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