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en grilamide

English translation: grilamide

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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
French term or phrase:en grilamide
English translation:grilamide
Entered by: Yolanda Broad
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19:12 Jun 20, 2000
French to English translations [PRO]
Tech/Engineering
French term or phrase: en grilamide
Does anyone know what "grilamide" is? It appears in a text about sunglasses as follows: "disponible sur les nouveaux modeles ... en grilamide ultra-leger."
Karen Tucker
grilamide
Explanation:
This is a compound--same in English and Italian, which are the two languages I managed to locate web sites for. According to the English text I found, it is a kind of **aramide** (as is Kevlar). Here is an excerpt from the English website I found: "High molecular weight materials on a polyester base are preferably employed for the protective layer itself. A preferred combination for the sheath is grilamide/polybutylenterephthalat which is not susceptible to stress cracking either as a combination or individually. However, the aramide can absorb up to 3% moisture and will thus change in dimension depending upon moisture content. The use of a moisture-inhibiting and moisture-resistant polyester layer as an additional protective layer minimizes this potential swelling and cracking problem. The ultraviolet sensitivity of the aramide layer is also eliminated by means of the polyester protective coating. " And here is the (long!!) definition I found on aramide, in LGDT: textile fibre chimique aramid fiber (beh) A manufactured fiber in which the fiber-forming material is a long chain synthetic polyamide having at least 85% of its amide linkages (-NH-CO-) attached directly to two aromatic rings (h) Note(s): Aramid fibers exhibit low flammability, high strength, and high modulus. Fabrics made from aramid fibers ((...)) are used extensively in hot-air filters. (h) Synonyme(s): aramid (cdeh) Generic name given by the F.T.C. in 1974 to a class of aromatic polyamide fibers that differ in properties from the conventional nylons. (e) Note(s): Aramids are also found in protective clothing, ropes and cables, and tire cords. (h) Entrée(s) additionnelle(s): Nomex (ef) A trademark of E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company for its special high temperature and flame resistant aramid fiber, produced in filament, staple, tow and various weight of paper structures. (e) Kevlar (ef) A trademark of E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company for a new family of high strength aramid fibers designed for industrial use. (e) Note(s): Stronger than steel on a pound for pound basis, it is exceptionnally stable, retaining its combination of high strength, toughness and stiffness at temperatures well over 300° F (149° C). (e) La fibre Kevlar ((...)) est la principale fibre de cette classe commercialisée et ayant reçu des applications industrielles intéressantes. (f) fibre aramide n f (ab) Fibre manufacturée, constituée par des macromolécules linéaires synthétiques formées de groupements de polyamides aromatiques liés entre eux par des groupes amides (-NH-CO-), lesquels contiennent au moins 85 % de groupes amides liés directement à deux noyaux aromatiques. (a) Note(s): Les fibres aramides présentent une faible inflammabilité, une grande résistance à la rupture et un haut module d'élasticité. Les tissus faits de fibres aramides conservent leurs propriétés à haute température; ils sont largement utilisés dans la fabrication des filtres à air chaud. Les aramides trouvent aussi leur application dans les vêtements de protection, les articles de corderie et dans la fabrication des câbles pour pneus. (a) Synonyme(s): aramide n m (abcdg) normalisé par un organisme national ou international Nom générique pour les fibres chimiques composées de 85 pour cent au moins de macromolécules linéaires synthétiques formées de groupements aromatiques liés entre eux par des groupes amide dans lesquels au moins 85 pour cent des groupes amide sont directement liés à 2 noyaux aromatiques, les groupes amide pouvant être remplacés jusqu'à concurrence de 50 pour cent par des groupes imide. (cd) Note(s): De ar[omatique] et amide. (e)
Selected response from:

Yolanda Broad
United States
Local time: 07:22
Grading comment
Thank you for your very thorough explanation and the references you provided. I wish I could give you more than 4 points! It sounds as if LGDT is helpful; I've been trying to decide between Termium and LGDT. I really appreciate your research. Karen
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
naRe LGDT and Termium
Yolanda Broad
nagrilamide
Yolanda Broad


  

Answers


14 mins
grilamide


Explanation:
This is a compound--same in English and Italian, which are the two languages I managed to locate web sites for. According to the English text I found, it is a kind of **aramide** (as is Kevlar). Here is an excerpt from the English website I found: "High molecular weight materials on a polyester base are preferably employed for the protective layer itself. A preferred combination for the sheath is grilamide/polybutylenterephthalat which is not susceptible to stress cracking either as a combination or individually. However, the aramide can absorb up to 3% moisture and will thus change in dimension depending upon moisture content. The use of a moisture-inhibiting and moisture-resistant polyester layer as an additional protective layer minimizes this potential swelling and cracking problem. The ultraviolet sensitivity of the aramide layer is also eliminated by means of the polyester protective coating. " And here is the (long!!) definition I found on aramide, in LGDT: textile fibre chimique aramid fiber (beh) A manufactured fiber in which the fiber-forming material is a long chain synthetic polyamide having at least 85% of its amide linkages (-NH-CO-) attached directly to two aromatic rings (h) Note(s): Aramid fibers exhibit low flammability, high strength, and high modulus. Fabrics made from aramid fibers ((...)) are used extensively in hot-air filters. (h) Synonyme(s): aramid (cdeh) Generic name given by the F.T.C. in 1974 to a class of aromatic polyamide fibers that differ in properties from the conventional nylons. (e) Note(s): Aramids are also found in protective clothing, ropes and cables, and tire cords. (h) Entrée(s) additionnelle(s): Nomex (ef) A trademark of E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company for its special high temperature and flame resistant aramid fiber, produced in filament, staple, tow and various weight of paper structures. (e) Kevlar (ef) A trademark of E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company for a new family of high strength aramid fibers designed for industrial use. (e) Note(s): Stronger than steel on a pound for pound basis, it is exceptionnally stable, retaining its combination of high strength, toughness and stiffness at temperatures well over 300° F (149° C). (e) La fibre Kevlar ((...)) est la principale fibre de cette classe commercialisée et ayant reçu des applications industrielles intéressantes. (f) fibre aramide n f (ab) Fibre manufacturée, constituée par des macromolécules linéaires synthétiques formées de groupements de polyamides aromatiques liés entre eux par des groupes amides (-NH-CO-), lesquels contiennent au moins 85 % de groupes amides liés directement à deux noyaux aromatiques. (a) Note(s): Les fibres aramides présentent une faible inflammabilité, une grande résistance à la rupture et un haut module d'élasticité. Les tissus faits de fibres aramides conservent leurs propriétés à haute température; ils sont largement utilisés dans la fabrication des filtres à air chaud. Les aramides trouvent aussi leur application dans les vêtements de protection, les articles de corderie et dans la fabrication des câbles pour pneus. (a) Synonyme(s): aramide n m (abcdg) normalisé par un organisme national ou international Nom générique pour les fibres chimiques composées de 85 pour cent au moins de macromolécules linéaires synthétiques formées de groupements aromatiques liés entre eux par des groupes amide dans lesquels au moins 85 pour cent des groupes amide sont directement liés à 2 noyaux aromatiques, les groupes amide pouvant être remplacés jusqu'à concurrence de 50 pour cent par des groupes imide. (cd) Note(s): De ar[omatique] et amide. (e)


    Reference: http://water-cooler.com/WC/patentviewer/patent-4641916.html
    Le grand dictionnaire terminologique
Yolanda Broad
United States
Local time: 07:22
Native speaker of: English
PRO pts in pair: 1551
Grading comment
Thank you for your very thorough explanation and the references you provided. I wish I could give you more than 4 points! It sounds as if LGDT is helpful; I've been trying to decide between Termium and LGDT. I really appreciate your research. Karen
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

11 hrs
Re LGDT and Termium


Explanation:
I have **both** LGDT and Termium. There really isn't any good way to decide between them, Rather, they complement one another very nicely, and, taken together, they amount to a fabulous reference source. I just wish I had something similar for the work I do between Spanish and English! And, since I don't, I wind up usingthe same two French/English sources to work out a lot of the Spanish terminology I need.

Yolanda Broad
United States
Local time: 07:22
Native speaker of: English
PRO pts in pair: 1551
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)




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