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18:39 Jan 16, 2004
This question was closed without grading. Reason: No acceptable answer
French to English translations [PRO] Tech/Engineering
French term or phrase:anti-entraînement
Public transport systems, in a CCFP: "Une réservation sera prévue pour la mise en place d'un système d'anti-entraînement, notamment en ce qui concerne le câblage et la logique de commande des portes."
Explanation: If this is about preventing people's limbs and/or clothing etc. getting caught in bus doors and causing them to be dragged to their deaths, etc.
<<Bus Door **Entrapment**
In the early 1990s Dr Michael Henderson did consulting work for NSW DOT and Mr Paine did work for the RTA. This project arose from fatalities where school children were caught in bus doors. It involved a review of accident records and other sources to try and identify the scale of the problem and a review of technology to reduce the risk of entrapment. Key outcomes were:
o The problem was under-reported - particularly those involving near misses.
o Existing bus door sensors to detect whether doors were fully closed were not suitable for preventing **entrapment**.
o No complete bus door safety systems were available at the time of the study but all the necessary components were available.
o A two stage plan was implemented in NSW for all buses carrying school children (as a condition of the school transport subsidy scheme). Initially rear doors with flexible rubber edges were permitted to be used. Later only systems that would detect a trapped limb and open the door or prevent the bus from moving were permitted. Non-complying buses carrying school children could not use the rear door.
o It was found that **entrapment** was occurring with front doors as well as rear doors. Therefore safety systems were also needed on front doors.
o A Technical Specification was prepared for the RTA setting out the requirements of systems to reduce the risk of entrapment.
In 2000 we reviewed door safety for the ACTION bus fleet in the ACT based on our work in NSW.>>