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12:16 Dec 11, 2010
This question was closed without grading. Reason: Other

French to Spanish translations [PRO]
Environment & Ecology / Desarrollo sostenible
French term or phrase: et al
Estimation fondée sur la quantité la plus élevée de biomasse disponible en tant qu’énergie primaire sans affecter la production de cultures alimentaires (Hoogwijk et al, 2003)

No entiendo en esta referencia qué es "al"...=(

¿Alguna idea?
Patricia Edith Alvarez Celia
Argentina
Local time: 17:58
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Summary of answers provided
5 +4et al.
maricip
5 +4et al.
mariela gonzalez
5 +3y otros/etc.
Marlena Trelka
4 +2y cols./y otros
Miguel Armentia
5ET AL (PAS TRADUIRE!)Constantinos Faridis
4et coll.
Martine Joulia


Discussion entries: 2





  

Answers


16 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +4
et al.


Explanation:
No se traduce, queda en latin. Saludos.

mariela gonzalez
France
Local time: 21:58
Native speaker of: Native in SpanishSpanish
PRO pts in category: 8
Notes to answerer
Asker: ¡Gracias Mariela!


Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Outman ALLOUCHI: Exactamente, digo que nunca se traduce!
43 mins

agree  Patricia Prevost
3 hrs

agree  María López Gromaz
21 hrs

agree  Manuela Mariño Beltrán
1 day 18 hrs
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9 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +3
et al.
y otros/etc.


Explanation:
viene de latín et álii.

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Note added at 21 minutos (2010-12-11 12:38:09 GMT)
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por cierto, en español se usa igual, así que no se traduce.


    Reference: http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Et_%C3%A1lii
Marlena Trelka
Spain
Local time: 21:58
Native speaker of: Native in PolishPolish
Notes to answerer
Asker: ¡Gracias Marlena!


Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  maricip: perdón "respuestas"
27 mins
  -> gracias, suele pasar, hemos respondido muchos a la vez :)

agree  teresa quimper
1 hr

agree  Yaotl Altan
3 hrs
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21 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
et coll.


Explanation:
On voit aussi parfois cela, pour "et collaborateurs".

Martine Joulia
Spain
Local time: 21:58
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in FrenchFrench
PRO pts in category: 12
Notes to answerer
Asker: ¡Gracias Martine!

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29 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5
ET AL (PAS TRADUIRE!)


Explanation:
#
proach, see Hoogwijk et al. (2008). The AR4 analysis for the (Top-Down) model approach is .... The EIT region refers to Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. ... ent factors may play a role here. An important reason is ...
www.ecofys.com/.../BUTD_Mitigation_potential_final_summary_...
#
[PDF]
Biofuels for Transportation
- [ Μετάφραση αυτής της σελίδας ]
Μορφή αρχείου: PDF/Adobe Acrobat - Quick View
energy to the world's energy supply (Hoogwijk et al. 2000; Hoogwijk et al. 2004). ... The “adaptation of gasoline” component refers to the ...
www.globalbusinessinsights.com/content/rbef0004t.pdf - Παρόμοιες
#
[PDF]
Sustainable Agriculture and the Production of Biomass for Energy Use
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από A Muller - 2008 - Γίνεται αναφορά σε 7 - Σχετικά άρθρα
2003, Hoogwijk et al. 2005, Koopmans 2005, WWI 2006), and on the .... range estimate of the land area dedicated for bioenergy production may be ..... 5'Modern' biomass refers to efficient state-of-the art systems to burn biomass ...
ftp://ftp.fao.org/paia/organicag/Muller_abstract.pdf - Παρόμοιες
#
[PDF]
Europe's onshore and offshore wind energy potential
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may be made of the information contained in this report. ...... discarded (Hoogwijk et al., 2004). (6) It should be noted that the 0.25 degrees spatial grid resolution is just ..... The second efficiency factor, availability, refers to ...
www.energy.eu/publications/a07.pdf - Ηνωμένο Βασίλειο
#
[PDF]
A REVIEW AND HARMONISATION OF BIOMASS RESOURCE ASSESSMENTS Edward ...
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marginal generally refers to the (low) productivity of the land. .... study uses a similar approach and methodology as Hoogwijk et al. (2004). .... production and rest of land may be managed for energy ...
www.eu-bee.com/GetItem.asp?item=digistorefile;135005;1101.....
#
Sustainable agriculture and the production of biomass for energy use
- [ Μετάφραση αυτής της σελίδας ]
από A Muller - 2009 - Γίνεται αναφορά σε 7 - Σχετικά άρθρα
(Hoogwijk et al. 2003) and corresponding effects on land rents and food .... 5'Modern' biomass refers to efficient state-of-the art systems to burn ..... that with such systems, only part of the on-farm energy use may be replaced.12 ...
www.springerlink.com/index/T1T843518928153M.pdf - Παρόμοιες
#
[PDF]
Overcoming Barriers to Expanding Bioenergy in Europe
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από K McCormick - 2005 - Γίνεται αναφορά σε 2 - Σχετικά άρθρα
refers to the land area that is available for biomass production. .... realising bioenergy potentials (Parikka, 2004; Hoogwijk et al., 2005; .... 14 May 2004, Rome, Italy. Fallot A, Girard P. (2005) Spatial Analysis for the Assessment ...
www.bioenergy-noe.com/.../Bioenergy potentials and dynamic ...
#
[PDF]
Biofuels: Is the cure worse than the disease?
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από R Doornbosch - 2008 - Γίνεται αναφορά σε 149 - Σχετικά άρθρα
refers to the rate of energy production per unit of the earth's area and is usually .... Hoogwijk et al. (2005), are used in Table 1 to correct the “gross” estimate for the ...... may be in part due to the better data availability of ...
www.ibcperu.org/doc/isis/9531.pdf
#
[PDF]
Sustainable Production of Second-Generation Biofuels - Potential ...
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The lowest (Hoogwijk et al., 2003) estimated a bioenergy potential of only 33 EJ/yr .... administrative and governance problems may considerably reduce the .... emissions of second-generation biofuels only refer to demonstration ...
www.iea.org/papers/2009/biofuels_exec_summary.pdf

Constantinos Faridis
Greece
Local time: 22:58
Native speaker of: Greek
Notes to answerer
Asker: ¡Muchas gracias!

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10 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +4
et al.


Explanation:
yo lo dejaría tal cual,



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Note added at 32 minutos (2010-12-11 12:48:33 GMT)
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también y si se desea respetra estrictamente la lista de abreviaturas de 'buscon.rae', sería "et ál."

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Note added at 33 minutos (2010-12-11 12:49:41 GMT)
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añado el link, que me parece interesante:

http://buscon.rae.es/dpdI/apendices/apendice2.html

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Note added at 34 minutos (2010-12-11 12:50:49 GMT)
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perdón, he querido decir 'respetar' (¡las prisas!)

maricip
Local time: 21:58
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in SpanishSpanish
PRO pts in category: 16
Notes to answerer
Asker: ¡Gracias Maricip!


Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Beatriz Ramírez de Haro
1 hr
  -> gracias, Beatriz

agree  Luis Alvarez: et álii (lat.: 'y otros')
10 hrs
  -> gracias, Alvargo

agree  María López Gromaz
21 hrs
  -> gracias, María

agree  Manuela Mariño Beltrán
1 day 18 hrs
  -> gracias, Manuela
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3 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +2
y cols./y otros


Explanation:
'Et al.' es un latinismo totalmente evitable e innecesario. Fíjate en la entrada del diccionario crítico de dudas Inglés-Español de Fernando Navarro:

et al. [Bibi.] Abreviatura de et alii (“y otros”), muy usada en las
citas bibliográficas; en español puede utilizarse también la
abreviatura “y cols.” (forma abreviada de “y colaboradores”)
si se desea evitar este latinismo que nos llega con
fuerza a través del inglés.

Saludos y buen día, Patricia.

Miguel Armentia
Spain
Local time: 21:58
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Spanish
PRO pts in category: 12
Notes to answerer
Asker: ¡Gracias Miguel!


Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Andrée Goreux: Totalmente de acuerdo. ¡No al colonialismo idiomático! ¡Viva Fernando Navarro!
1 day 3 hrs
  -> ¡Viva! Je, je. ¡Buen día, Andr饢!

agree  Martine Joulia: Es lo que quería decir, pero me equivoque de par de idiomas y lo puse en francés. De acuerdo contigo pues.
2 days 6 hrs
  -> Es cierto, no leí el contenido de la respuesta y ahora comprendo la propuesta. Gracias por el apoyo y buenas noches, Martine.
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Voters for reclassification
as
PRO / non-PRO
Non-PRO (1): Manuela Mariño Beltrán


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