profit markup, risk markup, other [or miscellaneous] markups
kalkulatorischer Preis - imputed price
Schäfer, Wirtschaftsenglisch, lists
(Mk) profit markup (ie, in retail trading
(Fin) risk . . . markup/premium
b) Any reduction in the contract price under paragraph (a) above due to defective data from a prospective subcontractor that was not subsequently awarded the subcontract shall be limited to the amount, plus applicable overhead and profit markup, by which (1) the actual subcontract or (2) the actual cost to the Contractor, if there was no subcontract, was less than the prospective subcontract cost estimate submitted by the Contractor; provided, that the actual subcontract price was not itself affected by defective cost or pricing data.
By definition, product prices =
> unit labour cost x profit markup. Now, the profit markup may of course vary
> with the state of the markets. A high level of demand and/or a low degree of
> competition will both tend to increase the markup. So, given the degree of
> competition, markups will tend to vary pro-cyclically. This does however not
> imply that product prices vary pro-cyclically. In the real world, the unit
> labour costs tend to vary counter-cyclically, simply because labour
> productivity moves pro-cyclically. This effect tends to lower labour costs
> in an upswing, and to do so to an extent which may well outweigh the
> increase in profit markup.
Margin is defined as the percentage of the selling price represented by gross profit. Markup is the amount (usually stated as a percent of cost) added to the cost to arrive at a selling price. They are not the same
Whereas many multinationals consider Puerto Rico a foreign or international market, applying a "commercial risk markup" increasing some 30% in the original price for "economic-political instability" which does not happen in Puerto Rico as part of the United States
I would now like to explain why the share exchange ratio has been set at thirteen to five. The corporate value of SKW Trostberg AG - discounted at a capitalization interest rate made up of the base interest rate, a risk markup and growth discount - amounted to Euro 2.230 billion or DM 4.363 billion as at August 3, 1999.
The retail prices would be lower, absent the contraband risk
markup, but the farmers would make more money and have less risk. Notice that ...
For kalkulatorisch, Schäfer offers
– as if
While he does not list kalkulatorischer Preis, there are some other entries that might serve to show how the term kalkulatorisch is used:
kalkulatorische Kosten pl
(ReW) imputed costs
– implicit costs
kalkulatorische Kostenarten fpl
(ReW) imputed (or implicit) cost categories
kalkulatorischer Gewinn m
(ReW) imputed profit
(ie, based on the ,Leitsätze für die Preisermittlung auf Grund von Selbstkosten`, LSP; covering a general entrepreneurial risk = allgemeines Unternehmerwagnis)
kalkulatorische Wagnisse npl
(KoR) imputed business risks
– imputed risk premium
Zahn, Bank- & Börsenwesen, gives calculatory profit and calculatory cost for kalkulatorischer Gewinn and kalkulatorische Kosten, resp.
Finally, Woywode, WB Rechnungslegung und Steuern, lists fictitious and imputed for kalkulatorisch.