Kardia prograd

12:22 Sep 20, 2011
German to English translations [PRO]
Medical - Medical (general) / Esophagus
German term or phrase: Kardia prograd
Kardia prograd und in Inverversion unvollstaendig schliessend
Local time: 18:43

Summary of answers provided
4 +1prograde/forward view of the cardia
4antegrade view/identification of the cardia
casper (X)



3 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5
antegrade view/identification of the cardia

The cardia is the anatomical term for the part of the stomach attached to the esophagus.
Just proximal to the cardia at the gastroesophageal (GE) junction is the anatomically indistinct but physiologically demonstrable lower esophageal sphincter. The area termed the cardia overlaps with the lower esophageal sphincter.
The cardia overlaps with but specifically does not contain the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) (also termed cardiac sphincter, gastroesophageal sphincter, and esophageal sphincter).

Here is a diagrammatic representation of 'Kardia prograd' and 'Kardia retrograd 360°'.

Look at Fig. 3 - 4 B: Antegrade view of the esophago-gastric junction with narrow band imaging.

"antegrade view of the LES"

"antegrade identification of the cardia"

casper (X)
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 420
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2 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +1
prograde/forward view of the cardia

Barrett's esophagus - Google Books Result
books.google.com/books?isbn=1402001029...Hugo W. Tilanus, A. E. Attwood - 2001 - Medical - 395 pages
Esophagogastroscopy must be performed in the prograde as well as retrograde view of the cardia in order to define the localization of the major part of the tumor


Gastroenterological Endoscopy - Google Books Result
books.google.com/books?isbn=3131258527...Meinhard Classen, G. N. J. Tytgat, Charles Lightdale - 2010 - Medical - 824 pages
... and the posterior wall is on the lower right, e Forward view of the antrum, ... I Retroflex view of the cardia and fundus. ured for the Z line, ...
Double cardia
by E Hoshino - 1990 - Cited by 1 - Related articles
ACQUIRED DOUBLE CARDIA. Fig 2. Forward view of the lower esophagus (left) and retroverted view of esophagogastric junction (right) showing a septum and ...
Pediatric gastrointestinal endoscopy: textbook and atlas - Google Books Result
books.google.com/books?isbn=1550092235...Harland S. Winter - 2006 - Medical - 188 pages
... through the gastroesophageal junction, but immediately upon entering the stomach the forward view may be obscured by gastric mucosal folds in the cardia.

Note added at 3 hrs (2011-09-20 15:25:52 GMT)

and antegrade (the more familiar oppposite to retrograde)


Note added at 6 hrs (2011-09-20 19:03:18 GMT)

in Inversion = in retroflexion

Local time: 00:43
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 709

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  casper (X): I'm more familiar with 'antegrade'. Just saw your Note added at 3 hrs
47 mins
  -> me too - but those endoscopists really like "prograde" ;-)
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