da gibt es mehrere Theorien, hier einige Clippings aus
"Jost" is a German form of the Latin name "Iustus", which means: "just, equitable, fair".
Perhaps the most common English equivalent of this name would be: "Justin".
The surname JOST may be of patronymic origin, that is, it belongs to
the category of surnames derived from the first name of the father of
the initial bearer. It is believed that the name JOST indicates the
shortened form of JODOC and comes from a Celtic root meaning
"fighter". JOST/JOS became a Christian name with
St.Jodocus/St.Josse, pilgrim Saint of the Picardie province of France in
the 7th century (anniversary Dec. 13). Jodoc was the son of king Hoël
III. from Brittany. He refused to become the successor of his father,
choosing instead to spend his live as a monk in poverty and abstinency.
The monastery he founded is one of the oldest locations of pilgrimage
in Central Europe.
Other names in Germany such as JOOS, JUST, JOBST are supposed
to be of the same origin. Joseph or Johann are names of different
origin. The English equivalent for JOST/JOSSE would be JOYCE or
JOCELYN. It is said that JOSSELYN is a variation of JOCELYN, taken
from an Old French name by circuitous route, by way of GOSCELIN,
GOSSELLIN, JOSCELIN which was brought to England before the
Conquest but was carried over to England by the Normans' widespread
usage of the given name. Most versions have a Germanic origin taken
from GAUZELIN. It was eventually adopted as a diminutive form of the
Old French given name JOSSE. Variations are JOSCELYNE,
JOSELIN, JOSLEN, JOSLING, JOSELAND. The pet form GOCELIN
was a descendant of GOSS, also called "the JUST" or "JOUST"
Alternatively, the surname JOST may be from a place easily
recognizable when surnames were adopted (late 1200's). When a man
left his homeland and moved to another country, he was distinguished
from his neighbors by the identity of his homeland, e.g. Norman from
Normandy. Some men were from cities well-enough known that the
city was the distinguishing reference as in Frankfurt. Towns were used
in the same fashion, as were major rivers and geographic features.
Names derived from a town should easily be traced back to the exact
locale where the first bearer of the name kept his residence. The first
JOST might have his origin in a town whose church was dedicated to
St.Jost. Abroad they named him "von St.Jost".
The German surname Jost is patronymic in origin, belonging to that group of surnames derived from the forename or Christian name of a
father. In this case the surname comes from the old Germanic forename Jos or Joss and the original bearer would have been simply the
"son of Jos". The forename is also found in the Latin form Jodocus. It is generally believed that the forename is of Celtic origin meaning
"warrior". It was the name of a seventh century Breton saint, St. Josse, a hermit of Panthieu in France, whose cult spread into southern
Germany in the eleventh century. There was traditionally a fete or fair on St. Josse's Day which did not die out until the fourteenth
century. In 1385 in Ravensburg, a church was dedicated to St. Jost zu Ravensburg whose life appears in the book "Von Saint Ursulen
Schifflin" in Strasbourg. The forename is now found in the form Joyce, which has also developed into a surname, especially numerous in
Wales and Ireland.
Early records of this surname date back to the thirteenth century when one Jost de Zolikon of Zurich is noted in the "Urkundenbuch der
Stadt und Landschaft Zurich" in 1298. In 1424 , one Jack Jos of Reuthe can be found in the "Allgauer Heimatbucher" while in 1500 one
Jodokus Aichmann of Calw is found in the "Urkundenbuch der Stadt Heilbronn". He appears again in the same sources as Jost
Eychenmann in 1508.
Note added at 2002-01-11 08:06:40 (GMT)
You could come back to me if you want more cause this type of research interests me. MW
| Mats Wiman|
Local time: 20:29
Native speaker of: Swedish
PRO pts in pair: 1498