violence and gender
I do prefer the reviewed version (violence/gender), although I probably wouldn't use the word "queering" (not that I find it indefensible, it just makes my neck hair stand on end).
Wikipedia on gender:
"Social scientists use gender to refer to a particular social identity, status, and cluster of roles, that are often (but not exclusively) determined on the basis of sex. See gender identity, gender role."
Local time: 14:08
Native speaker of: English, German
PRO pts in pair: 2954
|My sincerest thanks to all of you for your various input and feedback on this. |
On reflection, I think the festive cranberry sauce goes to to Norbert. The reason for this, is that he opened a (possibly) hide-bound person's eyes to the fact that gender could well be appropriate within in a social science context, which this was. I think I shall at least concede on that one.
As for force vs violence...The reason I opted for force was that "Gewalt" was very much both "Urbegriff/Leitmotif" of this piece, appearing in virtually every sentence. It appeared in the various meanings of violence, mental cruelty, war etc., and I suppose I opted for the easy solution. Reason is that maybe I got paranoid about German reviewers and inconsistency issues. Ever had that? ;-)
Thanks also to Michele for being forthright, despite naming no preferences. And no, apart from some unsuccessful attempts to demolish the wine stocks of All Souls Oxford in recent years, I have not "been at university" within the last ten years. But don't get me wrong! I do understand that going forward, it is key to optimize the mission-critical quality of our offerings by leveraging peer input....
Thanks to all, God bless, have a great Christmas and a happy, health and successful New Year ;-)
22 mins confidence:
I prefer your version, here's what Webster says:
1 a archaic : KIND, SORT b : SEX *black divinities of the feminine gender Charles Dickens*
2 linguistics a : any of two or more subclasses within a grammatical class of a language (such as noun, pronoun, adjective, verb) that are partly arbitrary but also partly based on distinguishable characteristics such as shape, social rank, manner of existence (as animate or inanimate), or sex (as masculine, feminine, or neuter) and that determine agreement with and selection of other words or grammatical forms *Latin has three genders, masculine, feminine, and neuter* *French has two genders, masculine and feminine* b : membership of a word or a grammatical form in such a subclass *a Latin noun has gender, number, and case* *an English noun has, strictly speaking, no gender* c : an inflectional form showing membership in such a subclass *a Latin adjective agrees in gender with the noun it modifies"
while Dorland's Medical Dictionary says "the distinction between male and female, found in most species of animals and
plants, based on the type of gametes produced by the individual or the category into which the individual fits on the
basis of that criterion. Ova are produced by the female and spermatozoa by the male; the union of these distinctive
germ cells being the prerequisite for the production of a new individual in sexual reproduction."
So there are contradictions as what this word actually means!
Note added at 26 mins (2003-12-16 20:02:16 GMT)
The latest version of Websters (the above is the 3rd International version issued in the 60s) now has the order of definitions the other way around, i.e. the grammatical angle first and the sexual one second. This would further support your grammatical angle.
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neither good, but 'queering' is asinine
you said offer no alternative, so i don't