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Landgraf(schaft)

English translation: Landgrave(ship)

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09:18 Aug 20, 2001
German to English translations [PRO]
Art/Literary
German term or phrase: Landgraf(schaft)
Landgraf Georg I. legte unter dem Chor die Fürstengruft seines Hauses an.

Das Schlossmuseum enthält eine repräsentative Sammlung zur Geschichte der ehemaligen Landgrafenschaft und des späteren Großherzogtums Hessen.
Gillian Searl
United Kingdom
Local time: 22:42
English translation:Landgrave(ship)
Explanation:
Landgrave comes straight out of the Oxford-Duden.

Here's what the OED has to say:

In Germany, a count having jurisdiction over a territory, and having under him several inferior counts; later, the title of certain German princes.
1516 Fabyan's Chron. (1811) II. vii. 328 After the deth of hir husbonde, Langraue, duke of Thorynge in Almayne. 1560 J. Daus tr. Sleidane's Comm. 57b, Then was he led to Duke George of Saxonie, and to the Lantzgrave. 1616 J. Wheler in Buccleuch MSS. (Hist. MSS. Comm.) I. 179 A daughter of the Lantsgrave of Hessen. 1656 Blount Glossogr., Landgrave, or Landsgrave. 1673 Ray Journ. Low C. 78 The Lantgrave of Darmstadt. 1756 Nugent Gr. Tour II. 421 Hanau had formerly counts of its own, but the last of them dying in 1736 without issue, it devolved to the landgrave of Hesse Cassel. 1839 Penny Cycl. XI. 192/1 The Temporal princes were:—the archduke of Austria+the landgraves of Hessen-Cassel and Hessen-Darmstadt+the landgrave of Leuchtenburg [etc.].

†b. In the colony of Carolina (see quots.). Obs.
1702 S. Carolina Stat. (1836) I. 42 The upper house, consisting of the Landgraves and Casiques+are+a middle state between Lords and Commons. 1707 J. Archdale Carolina 13 They are there by Patent, under the Great Seal of the Provinces, call'd Landgraves and Cassocks, in lieu of Earls and Lords.

Hence "landgraveship = landgraviate. "landgravess = landgravine.
1669 Locke Dft. Constit. Carolina xii. in 33rd D. K. R. 259 Upon ye devolution of any landgraveship or cassiqueship. 1716 M. Davies Athen. Brit. III. Crit. Hist. 107 At Jena in the Landgraveship of Thuring. 1762 tr. Busching's Syst. Geog. IV. 429 Caroline Christina, who had been espoused Landgravess of Hesse-Philipsthal. Ibid. V. 504 Christina Magdalena, Landgravess-dowager to Hesse-Homburg. 1809 Southey Q. Rev. II. 329 The Landgraveship with which Locke had been requited for his legislative labours.

HTH

Mary
Selected response from:

Mary Worby
United Kingdom
Local time: 22:42
Grading comment
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
na +3Landgrave(ship)
Mary Worby


  

Answers


6 mins peer agreement (net): +3
Landgrave(ship)


Explanation:
Landgrave comes straight out of the Oxford-Duden.

Here's what the OED has to say:

In Germany, a count having jurisdiction over a territory, and having under him several inferior counts; later, the title of certain German princes.
1516 Fabyan's Chron. (1811) II. vii. 328 After the deth of hir husbonde, Langraue, duke of Thorynge in Almayne. 1560 J. Daus tr. Sleidane's Comm. 57b, Then was he led to Duke George of Saxonie, and to the Lantzgrave. 1616 J. Wheler in Buccleuch MSS. (Hist. MSS. Comm.) I. 179 A daughter of the Lantsgrave of Hessen. 1656 Blount Glossogr., Landgrave, or Landsgrave. 1673 Ray Journ. Low C. 78 The Lantgrave of Darmstadt. 1756 Nugent Gr. Tour II. 421 Hanau had formerly counts of its own, but the last of them dying in 1736 without issue, it devolved to the landgrave of Hesse Cassel. 1839 Penny Cycl. XI. 192/1 The Temporal princes were:—the archduke of Austria+the landgraves of Hessen-Cassel and Hessen-Darmstadt+the landgrave of Leuchtenburg [etc.].

†b. In the colony of Carolina (see quots.). Obs.
1702 S. Carolina Stat. (1836) I. 42 The upper house, consisting of the Landgraves and Casiques+are+a middle state between Lords and Commons. 1707 J. Archdale Carolina 13 They are there by Patent, under the Great Seal of the Provinces, call'd Landgraves and Cassocks, in lieu of Earls and Lords.

Hence "landgraveship = landgraviate. "landgravess = landgravine.
1669 Locke Dft. Constit. Carolina xii. in 33rd D. K. R. 259 Upon ye devolution of any landgraveship or cassiqueship. 1716 M. Davies Athen. Brit. III. Crit. Hist. 107 At Jena in the Landgraveship of Thuring. 1762 tr. Busching's Syst. Geog. IV. 429 Caroline Christina, who had been espoused Landgravess of Hesse-Philipsthal. Ibid. V. 504 Christina Magdalena, Landgravess-dowager to Hesse-Homburg. 1809 Southey Q. Rev. II. 329 The Landgraveship with which Locke had been requited for his legislative labours.

HTH

Mary


    Oxford-Duden
    OED
Mary Worby
United Kingdom
Local time: 22:42
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 2770

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Lucien Marcelet: impressive
24 mins

agree  beermatt
3 hrs

agree  Sonja Cooper: check www.google.com for more info in case you need it
4 hrs
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