English translation: special election [to fill the vacancy]
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12:48 Apr 4, 2000
German to English translations [PRO] Bus/Financial
German term or phrase:Ergänzungswahl
Am (still) translating the articles of association of a company. Here´s the clause: "Lehnt eine gewählte Person die auf sie fallende Wahl zum Aufsichtsrat ab oder scheidet ein Mitglied aus, ist in einer außerordentlichen Hauptversammlung für den Rest der Wahlzeit des ausgeschiedenen Mitglieds eine ERGÄNZUNGSWAHL durchzuführen".
Explanation: Just a quick note to say that I agree with uel. At least in the U.S., special elections can be held for a variety of reasons, including to fill a vacancy created by extenuating circumstances. Sometimes they're used to vote on things like the terms of office of public officials. My Romain gives the term "by-election," which resulted in over 32,000 hits on the Northern Light search engine, one of which I listed below. All of the hits that I glanced at, 20 or so, showed by-election being used specifically to refer to filling vacancies. At the same time, all of those web references were for English-speaking countries other than the U.S., so your choice might depend on your audience and how specific you need to be.