KudoZ home » German to English » Bus/Financial

Zuschlag

English translation: markup

Login or register (free and only takes a few minutes) to participate in this question.

You will also have access to many other tools and opportunities designed for those who have language-related jobs
(or are passionate about them). Participation is free and the site has a strict confidentiality policy.
04:46 Jan 20, 2001
German to English translations [PRO]
Bus/Financial
German term or phrase: Zuschlag
In a cost accounting scheme for a company:

Zuschlag Gewinn (...% auf Selbstkosten)
Zuschlag Risiko (...% auf Selbstkosten)
sonstige Zuschläge

Is this something to do with loading or burden rates or supplements or percentages or what? It is a table detailing all the production, wage and material costs and these are some of the last items to be included in the accounting. Together with the Selbstkosten they form the

Kalkulatorischer Preis

which I assume is the calculated or costing price? (the former?)

Any help appreciated.
Hubbit
Local time: 17:55
English translation:markup
Explanation:
profit markup, risk markup, other [or miscellaneous] markups

kalkulatorischer Preis - imputed price

Schäfer, Wirtschaftsenglisch, lists
Gewinnzuschlag m
(Mk) profit markup (ie, in retail trading
Risikozuschlag m
(Fin) risk . . . markup/premium

See also
b) Any reduction in the contract price under paragraph (a) above due to defective data from a prospective subcontractor that was not subsequently awarded the subcontract shall be limited to the amount, plus applicable overhead and profit markup, by which (1) the actual subcontract or (2) the actual cost to the Contractor, if there was no subcontract, was less than the prospective subcontract cost estimate submitted by the Contractor; provided, that the actual subcontract price was not itself affected by defective cost or pricing data.
www.wv.doe.gov/departments/procurement/JR03156B.html

By definition, product prices =
> unit labour cost x profit markup. Now, the profit markup may of course vary
> with the state of the markets. A high level of demand and/or a low degree of
> competition will both tend to increase the markup. So, given the degree of
> competition, markups will tend to vary pro-cyclically. This does however not
> imply that product prices vary pro-cyclically. In the real world, the unit
> labour costs tend to vary counter-cyclically, simply because labour
> productivity moves pro-cyclically. This effect tends to lower labour costs
> in an upswing, and to do so to an extent which may well outweigh the
> increase in profit markup.
csf.colorado.edu/mail/pkt/nov97/0517.html

Margin is defined as the percentage of the selling price represented by gross profit. Markup is the amount (usually stated as a percent of cost) added to the cost to arrive at a selling price. They are not the same
www.wickes.com/resourceLibrary/LumberYardMath/PerThousandPr...


Whereas many multinationals consider Puerto Rico a foreign or international market, applying a "commercial risk markup" increasing some 30% in the original price for "economic-political instability" which does not happen in Puerto Rico as part of the United States
www.lulac.org/Issues/Resolve2.html


I would now like to explain why the share exchange ratio has been set at thirteen to five. The corporate value of SKW Trostberg AG - discounted at a capitalization interest rate made up of the base interest rate, a risk markup and growth discount - amounted to Euro 2.230 billion or DM 4.363 billion as at August 3, 1999.
www.skw.de/e_nachrichten/e_archiv/e_presse_17/e_presse_17.s...

The retail prices would be lower, absent the contraband risk
markup, but the farmers would make more money and have less risk. Notice that ...
mir.drugtext.org/marijuananews/in_lebanon_farmers_are_encourage.htm


For kalkulatorisch, Schäfer offers
kalkulatorisch
(ReW) imputed
– implicit
– as if
– fictitious

While he does not list kalkulatorischer Preis, there are some other entries that might serve to show how the term kalkulatorisch is used:
kalkulatorische Kosten pl
(ReW) imputed costs
– implicit costs
kalkulatorische Kostenarten fpl
(ReW) imputed (or implicit) cost categories
kalkulatorischer Gewinn m
(ReW) imputed profit
(ie, based on the ,Leitsätze für die Preisermittlung auf Grund von Selbstkosten`, LSP; covering a general entrepreneurial risk = allgemeines Unternehmerwagnis)
kalkulatorische Wagnisse npl
(KoR) imputed business risks
– imputed risk premium

Zahn, Bank- & Börsenwesen, gives calculatory profit and calculatory cost for kalkulatorischer Gewinn and kalkulatorische Kosten, resp.

Finally, Woywode, WB Rechnungslegung und Steuern, lists fictitious and imputed for kalkulatorisch.

HTH!

Selected response from:

Ulrike Lieder
Local time: 08:55
Grading comment
Great detail, thanks very much!
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
naadditional payment(s)
ttagir
namarkup
Ulrike Lieder
naextra charge
wolfie
nasupplement
Alexander Schleber


  

Answers


39 mins
supplement


Explanation:
This is an additonal charge (in case of prices called a surcharge, for certain standard contributions, such as profit or risks, in this instance.
i.e. profit supplement
risk supplement
other supplements


    Oxford Duden
Alexander Schleber
Belgium
Local time: 17:55
Native speaker of: Native in GermanGerman, Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 2356
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

4 hrs
extra charge


Explanation:
see below

wolfie
Local time: 17:55
PRO pts in pair: 7
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

5 hrs
markup


Explanation:
profit markup, risk markup, other [or miscellaneous] markups

kalkulatorischer Preis - imputed price

Schäfer, Wirtschaftsenglisch, lists
Gewinnzuschlag m
(Mk) profit markup (ie, in retail trading
Risikozuschlag m
(Fin) risk . . . markup/premium

See also
b) Any reduction in the contract price under paragraph (a) above due to defective data from a prospective subcontractor that was not subsequently awarded the subcontract shall be limited to the amount, plus applicable overhead and profit markup, by which (1) the actual subcontract or (2) the actual cost to the Contractor, if there was no subcontract, was less than the prospective subcontract cost estimate submitted by the Contractor; provided, that the actual subcontract price was not itself affected by defective cost or pricing data.
www.wv.doe.gov/departments/procurement/JR03156B.html

By definition, product prices =
> unit labour cost x profit markup. Now, the profit markup may of course vary
> with the state of the markets. A high level of demand and/or a low degree of
> competition will both tend to increase the markup. So, given the degree of
> competition, markups will tend to vary pro-cyclically. This does however not
> imply that product prices vary pro-cyclically. In the real world, the unit
> labour costs tend to vary counter-cyclically, simply because labour
> productivity moves pro-cyclically. This effect tends to lower labour costs
> in an upswing, and to do so to an extent which may well outweigh the
> increase in profit markup.
csf.colorado.edu/mail/pkt/nov97/0517.html

Margin is defined as the percentage of the selling price represented by gross profit. Markup is the amount (usually stated as a percent of cost) added to the cost to arrive at a selling price. They are not the same
www.wickes.com/resourceLibrary/LumberYardMath/PerThousandPr...


Whereas many multinationals consider Puerto Rico a foreign or international market, applying a "commercial risk markup" increasing some 30% in the original price for "economic-political instability" which does not happen in Puerto Rico as part of the United States
www.lulac.org/Issues/Resolve2.html


I would now like to explain why the share exchange ratio has been set at thirteen to five. The corporate value of SKW Trostberg AG - discounted at a capitalization interest rate made up of the base interest rate, a risk markup and growth discount - amounted to Euro 2.230 billion or DM 4.363 billion as at August 3, 1999.
www.skw.de/e_nachrichten/e_archiv/e_presse_17/e_presse_17.s...

The retail prices would be lower, absent the contraband risk
markup, but the farmers would make more money and have less risk. Notice that ...
mir.drugtext.org/marijuananews/in_lebanon_farmers_are_encourage.htm


For kalkulatorisch, Schäfer offers
kalkulatorisch
(ReW) imputed
– implicit
– as if
– fictitious

While he does not list kalkulatorischer Preis, there are some other entries that might serve to show how the term kalkulatorisch is used:
kalkulatorische Kosten pl
(ReW) imputed costs
– implicit costs
kalkulatorische Kostenarten fpl
(ReW) imputed (or implicit) cost categories
kalkulatorischer Gewinn m
(ReW) imputed profit
(ie, based on the ,Leitsätze für die Preisermittlung auf Grund von Selbstkosten`, LSP; covering a general entrepreneurial risk = allgemeines Unternehmerwagnis)
kalkulatorische Wagnisse npl
(KoR) imputed business risks
– imputed risk premium

Zahn, Bank- & Börsenwesen, gives calculatory profit and calculatory cost for kalkulatorischer Gewinn and kalkulatorische Kosten, resp.

Finally, Woywode, WB Rechnungslegung und Steuern, lists fictitious and imputed for kalkulatorisch.

HTH!



Ulrike Lieder
Local time: 08:55
Native speaker of: German
PRO pts in pair: 3525
Grading comment
Great detail, thanks very much!
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

6 hrs
additional payment(s)


Explanation:
They say about additional pyament(s)
which is(are) clculated on the basis
of
Zuschlag Gewinn (...% auf Selbstkosten)
Additional payment of Profit (...%% of the primary cost)

Zuschlag Risiko (...% auf Selbstkosten)
Addityinla payment of the Risks

Well, then you say "price", this means the primary cost(s) of the company + those "Zuschlag" (or an additional payment). So, if you bought something for $10 and want to sale it, your business is zero (seriously, HEGATIVE) if you add no additional sums (prices).
You must pay salaries for your workes, so you PRIMARY cost might be, e.g., $15. Now you take this ammount as YOUR primary cost and add those %% to calculate the FINAL PRICE.

So, that company simply clearly explains how it makes calculation of the final price:)

Hope that I was helpful:).
Dr. Tagir S. Tagirov
KSU


    Britannica,
    Merriam WEbster, Collegiate Edition, 1997.
ttagir
Local time: 18:55
Native speaker of: Native in RussianRussian, Native in TatarTatar
PRO pts in pair: 18

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
Ulrike Lieder
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)




Return to KudoZ list


KudoZ™ translation help
The KudoZ network provides a framework for translators and others to assist each other with translations or explanations of terms and short phrases.



See also:



Term search
  • All of ProZ.com
  • Term search
  • Jobs
  • Forums
  • Multiple search