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20:09 Apr 12, 2018
German to English translations [PRO]
Law/Patents - Law (general) / Legal opinion
German term or phrase: zivilrechtsakzessorische
This is from the title to a legal opinion (or expert legal opinion, legal report, etc.). Here's the title in its entirety:

Rechtsgutachten zu den Voraussetzungen des sog. Anfangsverdachts (§ 152 Abs. 2 StPO) in Bezug auf zivilrechtsakzessorische oder auf zivilrechtlichen Vorfragen bezogenen Straftatbeständen (etwa § 266 StGB oder § 263 StGB)

Thanks for any help you can provide on "zivilrechtsakzessorische."
United States
Local time: 22:49

Summary of answers provided
3 +1hinge on civil law
Michael Martin, MA
3Accessory criminal offences under civil law
Daniel Arnold
Summary of reference entries provided
Kim Metzger
This might help

Discussion entries: 6



57 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5 peer agreement (net): +1
hinge on civil law

Criminal offenses that hinge on (are tied to) civil law..?

Duden says Ak­zes­so­ri­e­tät ="(Rechtswissenschaft) Abhängigkeit des Nebenrechtes von dem zugehörigen Hauptrecht" https://www.duden.de/rechtschreibung/Akzessorietaet

A. Zivilrechtsakzessorietät des Strafrechts
8. Das Strafrecht nimmt häufig Bezug auf andere Rechtsgebiete. Im
Vermögensstrafrecht können zivilrechtliche „Vorfragen“ von
entscheidender Bedeutung sein. Solche Vorfragen sind dann die zentralen
Hauptfragen. Insofern ist das Strafrecht abhängig vom Zivilrecht; es ist in
diesem Sinne zivilrechtsakzessorisch."

Michael Martin, MA
United States
Local time: 23:49
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in GermanGerman, Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 247

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Margaret Marks
2 days 21 hrs

neutral  Daniel Arnold: they do but I feel that that's not the term. It should have accessory in it as it's a defined legal concept./ Why would it be misunderstood?
3 days 23 hrs
  -> Fair enough. But "Accessory criminal offences" could easily be misunderstood, no?/Aiding and abetting criminal acts
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4 days   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
Accessory criminal offences under civil law

The term you need is "zivilrechtsakzessorische Straftatbestände".
These would be: 'Accessory criminal offences under civil law' in my opinion. Also see the linkes below.


    Reference: http://www.zis-online.com/dat/artikel/2007_1_105.pdf
Daniel Arnold
Local time: 05:49
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in GermanGerman, Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 24
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Reference comments

16 mins peer agreement (net): +2
Reference: Helpful?

Reference information:

Kim Metzger
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 1212

Peer comments on this reference comment (and responses from the reference poster)
agree  writeaway
1 hr
agree  Johanna Timm, PhD
2 days 3 hrs
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1 day 16 hrs
Reference: This might help

Reference information:
What is the difference between a civil offense and a crime?
by FreeAdvice staff

The difference between a civil offense and a criminal offense are usually defined by the nature of the offense and the punishment assessed. Civil offenses involve violations of administrative matters. The Federal Trade Commission frequently imposes civil fines on companies that violate consumer statutes. For example, if an organization carelessly reports incorrect credit information about several consumers, they can be fined for each violation. Another example of a civil offense is contempt of court. This can arise in any civil matter, but is often used in family law matters. If one parent is ordered to pay child support, but fails to make any attempts to pay their obligation, the other parent can move for contempt sanctions. Sanctions can include awarding the other parent attorney’s fees. In extreme cases, the court can hold the non-paying parent in contempt and order them to remain in jail for a period of time. Even though jail time is a consequence, the difference is that the underlying action arose from a civil or administrative dispute, not from the violation of a criminal statute.
Civil Offense vs. Criminal Offense

Criminal offenses, on the other hand, arise from the violation of local ordinances or state or federal statutes prohibiting certain conduct. A criminal offense can involve a fine, an arrest, or confinement in jail or prison. The consequences of a criminal offense are set in relation to the severity of the crime. For example, if you are pulled over because your woofers and tweeters violate a noise ordinance in your city, you are probably only going to be given a ticket and fined. Conversely, if you are pulled over for suspicious driving and the officers determine that you were driving while intoxicated, you are more likely to be arrested. Your punishment could include probation or jail time depending on the circumstances of your case and your criminal history. Regardless of the range of punishment, both charges may appear later on your criminal history record.
The Blurred Line Between Civil and Criminal Offenses

Most people assume that the lack of an arrest means the offense is civil in nature. Traffic stops for speeding only rarely result in an arrest. You are given a ticket and allowed to go on your way. No arrest and fine as a punishment means this is a civil matter, right? Not necessarily. When you signed for the ticket, you also made a promise to appear before a local court and take care of your fine. If you fail to take care of the ticket, the local judge can issue a warrant for your arrest, and you can be charged with an additional crime of “failure to appear.” If the action involves enforcement by a police officer, it’s usually a criminal offense which can eventually result in an arrest.

Whether the offense is civil or criminal in nature, it will be defined by a local, state, or federal statute. State and local statutes can vary greatly by state, county, and city. If you are unsure about whether your activities constitute a criminal or civil offense in your location, consult with a criminal attorney in your area to avoid either type of charge.

United Kingdom
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 147
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