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punktueller Druck

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00:30 Feb 3, 2012
This question was closed without grading. Reason: Other

German to English translations [PRO]
Tech/Engineering - Livestock / Animal Husbandry / Equine Anatomy & Equipment
German term or phrase: punktueller Druck
A term that is often used around the topic of equine anatomy in conjunction with riding technique or equipment.

Here the example sentence:
"Punktueller Druck, wenn auch nur kurzzeitig, wirkt immer mit wenig Kraft schneller und deutlicher schmerzhaft als flächiger Druck."

I usually use "pressure points" but this does not fit here.

What is the correct term for "punktueller Druck" versus "flächiger Druck"?

Thanks.

PS: Sending this to tech engineering folks in the hope that this is the right audience for a rather technical question. Thanks.
Stefanie Reinhold
United States
Local time: 22:40
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Summary of answers provided
4 +1concentrated pressureRené Fassbender
3punctual pressureMarga Shaw
3targeted pressure
Ramey Rieger
2 +1focal pressurecasper


Discussion entries: 2





  

Answers


2 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 2/5Answerer confidence 2/5 peer agreement (net): +1
focal pressure


Explanation:
Dorsal view showing a distinct bridging pattern created by a bridging saddle – there is focal pressure at the front and rear of the panels, with no contact in between.
http://www.irinfo.org/articles/4_1_2011_robson.html


The anatomy of the bottom of the horses' foot is such that the horny frog (which varies in thickness) and the digital cushion above it are both readily compressible structures under pressure. When pressure is placed over the frog, it quickly deforms and is compressed, and the interface between the ground surface of the frog and the solar surface of the distal phalanx (P3) is diminished. The frog can be irreversibly damaged by applying this focal pressure, and in some horses, it can and will cause increased pain/lameness.
http://www.equipodiatry.com/article_options_acute-chronic_la...

casper

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
neutral  René Fassbender: While I like the suggestion, "concentrated pressure" seems to be more common (google search for "concentrated pressure" + horses yields 30k hits vs. 779 for "focal pressure" + horses)
25 mins
  -> Thank you, René

agree  Kim Metzger: http://tinyurl.com/7an3qmh
11 hrs
  -> Good reference. Thank you, Kim
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2 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +1
concentrated pressure


Explanation:
Various sources discussing riding equipment and horses use the term "concentrated pressure", which I think would be a good choice.

Research has shown that concentrated pressure on a horse’s sternum is not only uncomfortable for the horse but impedes performance. The CAIR® Cushion System utilises air technology and presents the first true solution for dispersing pressure evenly over a greater area.
http://www.cairpanelsystem.com/girthsWithCAIR/index.htm

At first it seemed a good idea to make a tree-less saddle. However, building a saddle that would be acceptable in competition would be difficult if not impossible due to the need for a frame on which we could fix the flaps and seat.
Treeless would also mean increasing the risk of the girth straps and stirrup leathers causing concentrated pressure, particularly if the rider posts at the trot for prolonged periods.
http://www.stradasaddles.eu/tech.htm

René Fassbender
United States
Local time: 20:40
Native speaker of: Native in GermanGerman

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Harald Moelzer (medical-translator)
61 days
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6 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
targeted pressure


Explanation:
to the point

Ramey Rieger
Germany
Local time: 05:40
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 8
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13 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
punctual pressure


Explanation:
Entry in "Wörterbuch der industriellen Technik", En-DE, Dr.-Ing. Rixhard Ernst:

"punctual" - punktförmig // prompt / pünktlich, prompt

Entry in "The Compact Dictionary of Exact Science and Technology, EN-GE, A. Kucera

"punctual" - punktförmig

e.g.:
Our bitless bridle evenly and smoothly distributes all pressure over the horses nose, his jaw and his poll. This bridle doesn´t apply punctual pressure but ensures painless aids from the reins, thus creating a trusting companionship between horse and rider.
http://www.barefootsaddles.com.au/bridleshalters.html

The crown-piece is extra wide and thickly padded, so it reduces punctual pressure behind the ears noticeably. Pressure is applied onto the bridge of the nose by two doubled ropes, which are tied together along the side.
http://www.equinz.co.nz/store/products.aspx?category=4008

If running a hand along the back muscles of these children or by applying punctual pressure to the erector muscles
of spine (in terms of the tapping acc. to Bobath) changes in the tone and a better straightening can be achieved.
(not horse related)
https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:77MS37pMVkQJ:www....

Best possible weight distribution in the area which should carry
the majority of the rider’s weight – between the withers and the
15th/16th thoracic vertebra. Pressure testing has shown that this
new panel system eliminates any punctual pressure under the saddle. The panel construction creates a reliable gullet and guarantees the constant protection of the horse’s spine. During rising trot and two pointing, the rider’s weight is distributed over the entire footprint of the saddle.
https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:VuQ2edIo8FYJ:hepb...

This innovative method limits the risk of punctual pressure peaks, which could lead to iatrogenic sample failure. It will also allow a true representation of the construct deformation under bending stresses.
http://www.patentstorm.us/applications/20060084997/descripti...

Marga Shaw
United Kingdom
Local time: 04:40
Native speaker of: German
PRO pts in category: 7
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