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Hagelkorn

English translation: chalazion

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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
German term or phrase:Hagelkorn
English translation:chalazion
Entered by: Dawn Montague
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00:38 Jan 25, 2001
German to English translations [PRO]
Medical
German term or phrase: Hagelkorn
In a list of diseases of the eye.
Dawn Montague
Local time: 07:50
chalazion
Explanation:
chalazia in plural

CHALAZION

What is It?

Chronic inflammation of the meibomian gland in the eyelid.
Meibomian glands are found in the eyelid, and serve to lubricate the lid margins.

Causes

Blockage of a duct leading to the surface of the eyelid from the meibomian gland. The blockage may be due to infection (usually staphylococcal) around the duct opening.

Signs and Symptoms

* Painful focal tenderness of one eyelid.
* Mild redness of the white of the eye (conjuctivitis).

Associated Conditions

Skin conditions such as acne rosacea or seborrheic dermatitis.

Prevention

* If you have a tendency to get chalazions, wash eyelash area daily with water and baby shampoo applied with a cotton swab.
* At the first sign of eye irritation, apply warm compresses several times a day.

Diagnosis and Treatment

General Measures

* Use warm-water soaks to reduce inflammation and hasten healing. Apply soaks for 20 minutes, then rest at least 1 hour. Repeat as often as needed.
* If the chalazion does not heal spontaneously in 6 weeks, surgical removal under local anesthesia in the doctor's office may be a recommended treatment.

Medication

* Topical antibiotic ointments or creams, such as erythromycin or bacitracin may be prescribed. Apply a thin layer of medication to the lid edges 3 or 4 times daily. A heavy layer wastes medicine and is no more beneficial than a thin layer.
* Antibiotic eye drops to prevent the spread of infection to other parts of the eye. Oral antibiotics or antibiotic injections usually are not needed.

Activity

No restrictions.

Diet

No special diet.

Possible Complications

None expected.

Prognosis

A chalazion may heal spontaneously. If not, it is usually curable with surgical removal.

(http://www.rxmed.com/illnesses/chalazion.html)





SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Patients will present with one or many focal, hard, painless nodules in the upper or lower eyelid. They may report some enlargement over time, and there may be a history of a painful lid infection prior to the chalazion development, but this isn't always the case. Chalazia are often recurrent, especially in cases of poor lid hygiene or concurrent blepharitis. [...] (http://www.revoptom.com/handbook/sect1d.htm)
Selected response from:

Brigitte Gendebien
Belgium
Local time: 13:50
Grading comment
Thank you for the great information.
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
naChalazion, tarsal cystUlrike Lieder
naHordeolumartyan
nasty, not suppuratingUschi (Ursula) Walke
nachalazion
Brigitte Gendebien


  

Answers


12 mins
chalazion


Explanation:
chalazia in plural

CHALAZION

What is It?

Chronic inflammation of the meibomian gland in the eyelid.
Meibomian glands are found in the eyelid, and serve to lubricate the lid margins.

Causes

Blockage of a duct leading to the surface of the eyelid from the meibomian gland. The blockage may be due to infection (usually staphylococcal) around the duct opening.

Signs and Symptoms

* Painful focal tenderness of one eyelid.
* Mild redness of the white of the eye (conjuctivitis).

Associated Conditions

Skin conditions such as acne rosacea or seborrheic dermatitis.

Prevention

* If you have a tendency to get chalazions, wash eyelash area daily with water and baby shampoo applied with a cotton swab.
* At the first sign of eye irritation, apply warm compresses several times a day.

Diagnosis and Treatment

General Measures

* Use warm-water soaks to reduce inflammation and hasten healing. Apply soaks for 20 minutes, then rest at least 1 hour. Repeat as often as needed.
* If the chalazion does not heal spontaneously in 6 weeks, surgical removal under local anesthesia in the doctor's office may be a recommended treatment.

Medication

* Topical antibiotic ointments or creams, such as erythromycin or bacitracin may be prescribed. Apply a thin layer of medication to the lid edges 3 or 4 times daily. A heavy layer wastes medicine and is no more beneficial than a thin layer.
* Antibiotic eye drops to prevent the spread of infection to other parts of the eye. Oral antibiotics or antibiotic injections usually are not needed.

Activity

No restrictions.

Diet

No special diet.

Possible Complications

None expected.

Prognosis

A chalazion may heal spontaneously. If not, it is usually curable with surgical removal.

(http://www.rxmed.com/illnesses/chalazion.html)





SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Patients will present with one or many focal, hard, painless nodules in the upper or lower eyelid. They may report some enlargement over time, and there may be a history of a painful lid infection prior to the chalazion development, but this isn't always the case. Chalazia are often recurrent, especially in cases of poor lid hygiene or concurrent blepharitis. [...] (http://www.revoptom.com/handbook/sect1d.htm)



    Reference: http://health.discovery.com/
    Reference: http://www.emedicine.com/emerg/topic94.htm
Brigitte Gendebien
Belgium
Local time: 13:50
Native speaker of: Native in FrenchFrench
PRO pts in pair: 139
Grading comment
Thank you for the great information.
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

17 mins
sty, not suppurating


Explanation:
my suggestion is based on Meyers Lexikon:
Hagelkorn = harter Knoten im Oberlid des Auges, aehnlich dem Gerstenkorn, doch ohne eitrige Entzuendung.


    Meyers
Uschi (Ursula) Walke
Local time: 22:50
Native speaker of: Native in GermanGerman
PRO pts in pair: 492
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2 hrs
Hordeolum


Explanation:
Hordeolum

Since «Hagelkorn» - sty – is a very common and general word for this type of eye diseases, in English-language medical classifications both «hordeolum» and «chalazion» can be found. (An example International Classification of Diseases can be found at http://cedr.lbl.gov/icda8.html). From the medical point of view, «hordeolum» looks more general, and its meaning includes «chalazion». Thus, «chalazion» is a variety of «hordeolum». Please read about this difference in the definition below:

Styes and chalazia
"Styes (figure 2b: not shown) and chalazia are frequent sequelae of chronic blepharitis. A stye (external hordeolum) is an infection or inflammation of anterior lid structures (ie, hair follicles and accessory glands), whereas a chalazion (internal hordeolum) is an inflammation of the meibomian glands of the posterior lid. Both produce a tender mass in the lid that develops over several days. Often the distinction between a stye and a chalazion is not readily apparent. However, because both conditions are treated in the same way, this distinction probably has little clinical relevance in primary care. Treatment consists of warm compresses applied to the outer lid at least twice a day until acute symptoms abate. Blepharitis, if present, should also be treated. If the mass fails to disappear after several months, the patient should be referred for consideration of surgical excision and evaluation to rule out carcinoma.”
http://www.postgradmed.com/issues/2000/10_00/shields2.htm

This definition seems to comply fully with the following search result:
Hordeolum can be external or internal. A stye is an external hordeolum.
http://www.intelihealth.com/IH/ihtIH/WSUNW000/9339/10151.htm...


However, things are not that simple, because I also found a number of contradicting cases, according to which «a sty» is an instance of «internal hordeolum». For example:

"Hordeolum: External hordeolum and internal hordeolum (stye)."
http://www.vh.org/Providers/ClinRef/FPHandbook/Chapter12/04-...

Judging by the definition above, I belive the safest way to translate «Hagelkorn», which, at the same time, will be suitable for a medical classification, is to write «Hordeolum». This will mean «Hagelkorn» («Sty») in the most general sense. Another way is to write «Hordeola, External and Internal».

Best regards.



    Web search
artyan
United States
Local time: 04:50
Native speaker of: Native in RussianRussian
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7 hrs
Chalazion, tarsal cyst


Explanation:
also meibomian cyst, tarsal cyst, chalazion, chalaza
[Pschyrembel Klinisch-Therapeut. WB, and Reuter, WB Medizin]

Chalazion = Syn.: Hagelkorn
durch chronische granulierende Entzündung der Meibom* Drüsen hervorgerufene, erbsgroße, derbe, kaum schmerzhafte Schwellung unter der Lidhaut (s. Abb.), umgeben von einer livid-geröteten konjunktivalen Zone; kann später durchbrechen u. einen rötl., polypösen Granulomknoten bilden.
E: chalazion; tarsal cyst.
[Roche, Lex. Medizin, 4. Aufl.]

Chalazion
Sog. Hagelkorn; chronische Entzündung u. Fremdkörpergranulom in den Meibom-Drüsen der Augenlider.


Ulrike Lieder
Local time: 04:50
Native speaker of: German
PRO pts in pair: 3525
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