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Strahlenflugzeug

English translation: jet plane

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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
German term or phrase:Strahlenflugzeug
English translation:jet plane
Entered by: Geri Linda Metterle
Options:
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01:38 Jun 30, 2001
German to English translations [Non-PRO]
German term or phrase: Strahlenflugzeug
Im wesentlichen handelt es sich dabei um eine Fertigungsstätte zur Produktion des Strahlenflugzeugs "ME 262", einem Projekt, das als "kriegsentscheidend" eingestuft war.
(WW II)
Geri Metterle
jet plane
Explanation:
This was the world's first jet plane, two engines and operative from 1943 (I think).
The Me262 was the first operational turbojet powered aircraft. In addition to being jet powered it brought forth many advancements in aircraft design. Although sometimes viewed as a last ditch Nazi super-weapon, the Me262 was under development before the start of WWII and did have some shortcomings. While never available in quantity, it was effectively used by the Luftwaffe in a variety of roles and proved itself a potent weapon.



Development began on the Me262 in April 1939 which was code named Stormbird or Silver. A combination of excellent design and downright luck resulted in a very harmonious design while significantly stretching the known aeronautical boundaries. An example of this is the Me262's wing. The characteristic swept design was the result of a need to place the center of gravity aft to compensate for heavier then expected engines. It was only later that the benefits of swept wings were realized.

The first test flights began April 18, 1941 with Me262 V1 PC+UA. Since the planned BMW 003 turbojets were not ready at this time, a conventional Jumo 210 twelve cylinder mounted in the nose was used for power in order to test the airframe. Later when the BMW 003 engines were installed a test flight took place which resulted in both turbojets failing and the pilot bringing the plane in on the nose mounted engine alone.

PC+UC became the first fully jet propelled Me 262 on July 18, 1942. Fritz Wendel piloted this third prototype on the momentous occasion. The plane was powered by the new Jumo 004A-0 turbojets (at right).

The Jumo 004 would prove to be the source of the Me 262's greatest weakness. The turbojet was at this time still in it's infancy and many technological hurdles had to be overcome. This resulted in a lengthy period of development which led to continued delay in the development and production of the Me 262. One of the problems was that the materials necessary for proper heat proofing were extremely rare in war-torn Germany. Alternate materials had to be used which resulted in engines that were less than reliable. In some cases, a brand new engine would suffer catastrophic failure during initial run-up. Even engines that worked right had a very short operational life. Most would only last for 12 hours of operation. On many occasions, pilots were forced to land with one or both engines out.

Selected response from:

Mats Wiman
Sweden
Local time: 11:59
Grading comment
I think the other answer is just as good. It wasn't easy for me to decide. Wish I could grade both answers! Thanks.
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
na +3jet plane
Mats Wiman
najet plane
Mats Wiman
na -1jet aircraft; jet fighter/bomber
Vesna Zivcic


  

Answers


4 mins
jet plane


Explanation:
This was the world's first jet plane, two engines and operative from 1943 (I think).


    Old Air Force Junior Cadet
Mats Wiman
Sweden
Local time: 11:59
Native speaker of: Native in SwedishSwedish
PRO pts in pair: 1498
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

7 mins peer agreement (net): +3
jet plane


Explanation:
This was the world's first jet plane, two engines and operative from 1943 (I think).
The Me262 was the first operational turbojet powered aircraft. In addition to being jet powered it brought forth many advancements in aircraft design. Although sometimes viewed as a last ditch Nazi super-weapon, the Me262 was under development before the start of WWII and did have some shortcomings. While never available in quantity, it was effectively used by the Luftwaffe in a variety of roles and proved itself a potent weapon.



Development began on the Me262 in April 1939 which was code named Stormbird or Silver. A combination of excellent design and downright luck resulted in a very harmonious design while significantly stretching the known aeronautical boundaries. An example of this is the Me262's wing. The characteristic swept design was the result of a need to place the center of gravity aft to compensate for heavier then expected engines. It was only later that the benefits of swept wings were realized.

The first test flights began April 18, 1941 with Me262 V1 PC+UA. Since the planned BMW 003 turbojets were not ready at this time, a conventional Jumo 210 twelve cylinder mounted in the nose was used for power in order to test the airframe. Later when the BMW 003 engines were installed a test flight took place which resulted in both turbojets failing and the pilot bringing the plane in on the nose mounted engine alone.

PC+UC became the first fully jet propelled Me 262 on July 18, 1942. Fritz Wendel piloted this third prototype on the momentous occasion. The plane was powered by the new Jumo 004A-0 turbojets (at right).

The Jumo 004 would prove to be the source of the Me 262's greatest weakness. The turbojet was at this time still in it's infancy and many technological hurdles had to be overcome. This resulted in a lengthy period of development which led to continued delay in the development and production of the Me 262. One of the problems was that the materials necessary for proper heat proofing were extremely rare in war-torn Germany. Alternate materials had to be used which resulted in engines that were less than reliable. In some cases, a brand new engine would suffer catastrophic failure during initial run-up. Even engines that worked right had a very short operational life. Most would only last for 12 hours of operation. On many occasions, pilots were forced to land with one or both engines out.




    Old Air Force Junior Cadet
    Reference: http://www.stormbirds.com/warbirds/
Mats Wiman
Sweden
Local time: 11:59
Native speaker of: Native in SwedishSwedish
PRO pts in pair: 1498
Grading comment
I think the other answer is just as good. It wasn't easy for me to decide. Wish I could grade both answers! Thanks.

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Alan Johnson: Very nice description of the first jet. I would have said jet aurcraft, but that's more a matter of taste.
10 mins
  -> I would too, only this word was vaporised at the time of answering

agree  Sven Petersson
53 mins
  -> Dear Alan: i.e. jet aircraft

agree  Karl Apsel
1 hr
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

3 hrs peer agreement (net): -1
jet aircraft; jet fighter/bomber


Explanation:
1. Messerschmitt Me 262 "Schwalbe"/"Sturmvogel" Jet Fighter/Bomber

... The Me-262, designed by Messerschmitt AG, was the first operational jet aircraft,as such it was both a technical success and a tactical failure. It's first ...

2. Messerschmitt Me 262
... The new jet aircraft proved to be much faster than conventional ... Adolf Hitler agreed to put the Me 262 into mass production, ...

3. Aviation History - Me 262
... The first jet, defined as the first aircraft to fly with a turbojet ... 12 July 1944. The first jet fighter to meet the enemy ...

www.flysouth.co.za/news/Aviation History/me262.htm




    Reference: http://www.accessweb.com/users/mconstab/me262.htm
    Reference: http://www.soton.ac.uk/~genesis/Level2/Planes/Germany/Me262....
Vesna Zivcic
Local time: 11:59
Native speaker of: Croatian
PRO pts in pair: 571

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
disagree  Sven Petersson: Mats answer is better.
1 hr
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)




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