tidak dapat dipertanggung jawabkannya sipelaku

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11:19 Jul 10, 2018
Indonesian to English translations [PRO]
Law/Patents - Law (general)
Indonesian term or phrase: tidak dapat dipertanggung jawabkannya sipelaku
How do we translate this expression in legal Bahasa Indonesia?

Hukum pidana Islam juga mengatur ketentuan-ketentuan umum pidana materi yang menyangkut dengan asas legalitas, tidak dapat dipertanggung jawabkannya sipelaku, percobaan melakukan jarimah dan sebagainya.

Thank you very much for your help.
Faisal Mustafa
Local time: 06:07

Summary of answers provided
5offender's unaccountability
Erich Ekoputra
5incompetence of the perpetrator
Hipyan Nopri



44 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5
incompetence of the perpetrator

Dalam konteks hukum,

keadaan tidak dapat dipertanggungjawabkan atau tidak dapat dimintai pertanggungjawaban hukum = ketidakcapakan.

Padanan bahasa Inggris dari ketidakcakapan adalah incompetence.

kecakapan: kemampuan untuk melakukan perbuatan hukum. Orang yg cakap untuk melakukan perbuatan hukum adalah orang yg sudah dewasa (berumur 21 tahun atau sudah kawin). Sebaliknya, orang yg tidak cakap adalah: 1) anak di bawah umur, 2) orang yg di bawah pengampuan, dan 3) isteri (yg kemudian diamandemen dg Pasal 31 UU No 1/1974).
Salim. 2006. Pengantar Hukum Perdata Tertulis (BW). Jakarta: Sinar Grarfika.

competent: properly qualified, adequate, having the right natural or legal qualifications. For example, a person may be competent to make a will if he or she understands what making a will is, knows that he or she is making a will, and knows generally how making the will affects persons named in the will and affects relatives.
Oran, Daniel. 2008. Dictionary of the Law. 4th Edition. New York: Thomson Delmar Learning.

competence: the power of a person, business, court, or government to deal with something or take legal decisions:
sb's competence to do sth There are concerns about his competence to stand trial.
At present, national authorities have competence in these cases.

Hipyan Nopri
Local time: 06:07
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in IndonesianIndonesian
PRO pts in category: 203
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2 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5
offender's unaccountability


🙋 Disebut dengan pelaku karena memang dia mampu/sanggup melakukan perbuatan pidana. (Kalau tidak, ya disebut penidak-laku, he.he.he). Perhatikan bahwa perbuatan pidana jauh lebih gampang dilakukan daripada perbuatan perdata (mis. anak kecil bisa mencuri, tetapi tidak bisa membuat perjanjian tertulis untuk diingkari).

Namun, sekalipun adanya kesanggupan itu, hakim/pengadilan bisa memutuskan bahwa pelaku tidak dapat dimintai tanggung jawabnya. Sebab yang paling jelas adalah jika pelaku menderita gangguan jiwa. Sebab lain yang mungkin antara lain jika pelaku di bawah usia dewasa.

✔️ Surjaya berikut (salah satunya undang-undang) menyiratkan bahwa ketidakbisaan diminta tanggung jawab ini disebut dengan unaccountability. Pelaku pun dihukum dengan antara lain dirawat di RS Jiwa.

Republic of Macedonia Criminal Code
The court shall sentence the offender who has committed a crime in the state of unaccountability to compulsory psychiatric treatment in freedom...

Mental illness and juveniles as grounds for unaccountability before the law and the invalidity of civil legal actions...

Restorative Justice for Juveniles: Potentialities, Risks and ...
Lode Walgrave - 1998 - ‎Law
... to indicate that the "protective" idea of complete unaccountability of the juvenile has ... by the appeal that is made on the responsibility of the young offender.

Erich Ekoputra
Local time: 06:07
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in IndonesianIndonesian
PRO pts in category: 346
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