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Explanation: it refers to the Sin of Adam and Even; their Fall was Happy because it brought Christ down to Earth
This term is used in theology to refer to the sin of Adam. By eating the forbidden fruit, Adam committed a grave sin (fault), but this fault had a happy side-effect since it set the stage for the redemption of man, the most important event in history. Because of this unexpected consequence of the Fall, people sometimes speak of Adam's sin as a felix culpa
Explanation: I know only of this meaning, St Austin shall have used it for the Fall (Adam and Eve), in the sense that what they did brought us finally the salvation.
So I agree with Paola (but now that the answer was selected, there is no other way to put this down).
The expression is included also in the "Exultet" hymn (for Easter).
Eva Blanar Hungary Local time: 06:38 Native speaker of: Hungarian PRO pts in pair: 34