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Explanation: Legally speaking, the terms "unfair dismissal" and "wrongful dismissal" are not the same thing. See reference for more detailed explanation, but here's a quote: "Wrongful Dismissal should not be confused with Unfair Dismissal, Wrongful Dismissal is based on contract law. Any claim for Wrongful Dismissal will therefore mean looking at the employee's employment contract to see if the employer has broken the contract."
Here's a relatively clear explanation of the distinction between the two, found on second reference listed below:
This is a claim which may be brought by an employee whose employer has ended their contract of employment in breach of contract (e.g. by failing to give the employee sufficient notice).
A dismissed employee may be able to bring an unfair dismissal claim where either there was insufficient reason for their dismissal or where the dismissal was handled unfairly. An employee must generally have worked for his employer for one year or more to be able to bring an unfair dismissal claim (but there are exceptions).
NB: This relates to British law - may be different for other countries.