żarna nieckowate

English translation: saddle quern

GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Polish term or phrase:żarna nieckowate
English translation:saddle quern
Entered by: Biurobob

13:54 Mar 14, 2018
Polish to English translations [PRO]
Archaeology
Polish term or phrase: żarna nieckowate
Kontekst: Okazało się, że zagłębienie ułatwia proces rozdrabniania i tak powstały żarna nieckowate, a później moździerze.
Biurobob
Local time: 14:56
saddle quern
Explanation:
Propozycja.

Saddle quern
The saddle quern is produced by rocking or rolling the handstone using parallel motions (i.e., pushing and pulling the handstone), which forms a shape looking like a saddle. These are the most ancient and widely used type of quern-stone and were superseded around the 5th to the 4th century BC by the more efficient rotary quern.[17] The handstones for saddle querns are generally either roughly cylindrical (not unlike a rolling pin) and used with both hands, or rough hemispheres and used with one hand. This provides a crushing motion, not a grinding action and is more suitable for crushing malted grain. It is not easy to produce flour from a saddle quern with unmalted grain. The handstone is also referred to as a 'rubber' or 'mouler'.[18]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quern-stone
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https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Saddle_Quern_and_Rub...
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Selected response from:

Frank Szmulowicz, Ph. D.
United States
Local time: 08:56
Grading comment
Dziękuję.
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
3saddle quern
Frank Szmulowicz, Ph. D.


  

Answers


29 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
saddle quern


Explanation:
Propozycja.

Saddle quern
The saddle quern is produced by rocking or rolling the handstone using parallel motions (i.e., pushing and pulling the handstone), which forms a shape looking like a saddle. These are the most ancient and widely used type of quern-stone and were superseded around the 5th to the 4th century BC by the more efficient rotary quern.[17] The handstones for saddle querns are generally either roughly cylindrical (not unlike a rolling pin) and used with both hands, or rough hemispheres and used with one hand. This provides a crushing motion, not a grinding action and is more suitable for crushing malted grain. It is not easy to produce flour from a saddle quern with unmalted grain. The handstone is also referred to as a 'rubber' or 'mouler'.[18]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quern-stone
ccccccccccc
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Saddle_Quern_and_Rub...
ccccccccccccccccccccc

Frank Szmulowicz, Ph. D.
United States
Local time: 08:56
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in PolishPolish
PRO pts in category: 44
Grading comment
Dziękuję.
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