przemiał własciwy

23:10 Feb 6, 2017
Polish to English translations [PRO]
Tech/Engineering - Biology (-tech,-chem,micro-) / food technology
Polish term or phrase: przemiał własciwy
w artykule o młynie żytnim omówiono etapy przygotowania ziarna do przemiału oraz przemiał właściwy.

Summary of answers provided
3milling process/procedure
1conventional milling

Discussion entries: 1



2 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 1/5Answerer confidence 1/5
conventional milling

"W przemiale właściwym dokonuje się przemielenia ziarna zbóż, tj. rozdrobnienia i rozmielenia na mąkę."

United States
Local time: 10:38
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in PolishPolish

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
neutral  Andrzej Mierzejewski: Jakiś przykład? O ile wiem, określenie "conventional milling" używane jest tylko w stosunku do frezowania metalu.
2 days 7 hrs
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1 day 10 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
przemiał właściwy
milling process/procedure

the milling process/procedure (itself)

In modern processing, grain is usually blended, cleaned, scrubbed to remove wheat hairs, tempered by heat and moisture (to prevent brittleness in the bran and consequent pulverization resulting in speckled flour), passed through sets of steel rolls with successively finer corrugations, and sifted after each grinding. It is then blown in a middlings purifier, ground between sets of smooth rolls, and bolted through a very fine mesh sieve. The entire, highly automated process takes about an hour and comprises some 180 operations.

Grinding wheat
The wheat kernels are now ready to be milled into flour. The modern milling process is a gradual reduction of the wheat kernels through a process of grinding and sifting. The millers’ skill is analyzing the wheat and then blending it to meet the requirements of the end use. This science of analysis, blending, grinding, sifting and blending again results in consistent end products.

Wheat kernels are measured or fed from the bins to the “roller mills”, corrugated cylinders made from chilled steel. The rolls are paired and rotate inward against each other, moving at different speeds. Passing through the corrugated “first break” rolls begins the separation of bran, endosperm (starch) and germ.

There are about five roller mills or breaks in the system. Again, the goal is to remove the endosperm from the bran and the germ. Each break roll must be set to get as much pure endosperm as possible. The “break” rolls, each have successively finer corrugations. After each trip through the break rolls, the grist is sent back upstairs to drop through sifters. The system reworks the coarse stocks from the sifters and reduces the wheat particles to granular “middlings” that are as free from bran as possible.

In some mills double high roller mills eliminate elevating and sifting the product between two successive passages in the milling process, thus increasing efficiency.


Cereal processing is complex. The principal procedure is milling—that is, the grinding of the grain so that it can be easily cooked and rendered into an attractive foodstuff. Cereals usually are not eaten raw, but different kinds of milling (dry and wet) are employed, depending on the cereal itself and on the eating customs of the consumer. Wheat may be crushed with grinding stones or similar devices or by modern automated systems employing steel cylinders, followed by air purification and numerous sievings to separate the endosperm from the outer coverings and the germ.

Local time: 15:38
Native speaker of: Native in PolishPolish
PRO pts in category: 16
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