definicja zakresowa

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08:02 Jun 3, 2018
Polish to English translations [PRO]
Law (general)
Polish term or phrase: definicja zakresowa
w tym wyroku definicja budowli ma charakter definicji zakresowej cząstkowej
Local time: 00:46

Summary of answers provided
3extensional/denotative definition
Frank Szmulowicz, Ph. D.



1 hr   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
extensional/denotative definition

Intension and extension
An intensional definition, also called a connotative definition, specifies the necessary and sufficient conditions for a thing being a member of a specific set. Any definition that attempts to set out the essence of something, such as that by genus and differentia, is an intensional definition.
An extensional definition, also called a denotative definition, of a concept or term specifies its extension. It is, a list naming every object that is a member of a specific set.
So, for example, an intensional definition of 'Prime Minister' might be the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system (; whereas an extensional definition would be simply a list of all past, present and future prime ministers.
One important form of the extensional definition is ostensive definition. This gives the meaning of a term by pointing, in the case of an individual, to the thing itself, or in the case of a class, to examples of the right kind. So you can explain who Alice (an individual) is by pointing her out to me; or what a rabbit (a class) is by pointing at several and expecting me to 'catch on'. This is the manner in which all children initially learn the names of things. The process of ostensive definition itself was critically appraised by Ludwig Wittgenstein.
An enumerative definition of a concept or term is an extensional definition that gives an explicit and exhaustive listing of all the objects that fall under the concept or term in question. Enumerative definitions are only possible for finite sets and only practical for relatively small sets.

1. Definicję zakresową (wyliczającą elementy składowe zakresu) formułuje się w jednym przepisie prawnym i obejmuje się nią cały zakres definiowanego pojęcia.
2. Jeżeli wyliczenie wszystkich elementów zakresu definiowanego pojęcia w jednym przepisie prawnym nie jest możliwe, w definicji wyraźnie zaznacza się, że tekst tej samej lub innej ustawy zawiera nadto elementy uzupełniające tę definicję, w szczególności przez użycie zwrotu: "..... i inne wskazane w przepisach .....".
3. Jeżeli nie jest możliwe sformułowanie definicji, o której mowa w ust. 1 lub 2, można objaśnić znaczenie danego określenia przez przykładowe wyliczenie jego zakresu, wyraźnie wskazując przykładowy charakter wyliczenia przez posłużenie się zwrotem: „w szczególności”.

Note added at 1 hr (2018-06-03 09:46:08 GMT)

definicja zakresowa «definicja, która wskazuje na zakres desygnatów oznaczanych definiowanym wyrazem»

Frank Szmulowicz, Ph. D.
United States
Local time: 18:46
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in PolishPolish
PRO pts in category: 816
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