falantes passivos

English translation: passive speakers

GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Portuguese term or phrase:falantes passivos
English translation:passive speakers
Entered by: rhandler

21:59 Apr 24, 2005
Portuguese to English translations [Non-PRO]
Science - Linguistics
Portuguese term or phrase: falantes passivos
CONTEXTS
(1) Lakondê perderam o uso de sua língua materna ainda na infância e hoje são apenas falantes passivos do Lakondê.
(2) ...hoje os descendentes Lakondê, quando muito, são falantes passivos de sua língua ancestral.
zabrowa
Local time: 10:54
passive speakers
Explanation:
Literal. Look at these axamples in this exact context:

American Indian Nations... ie, speakers whose primary vehicle for thought is the Luiseño language. There are, however partial and passive speakers of the Rincón, La Jolla, ...
www.americanindian.ucr.edu/academic/special3.html


Claire Bowern (Harvard U.) Bardi Language Documentation: The Laves ...... There are about 35 fully fluent speakers of the language along with up to 200 passive speakers (out of a community of 1200). All the fluent speakers are ...
sapir.ling.yale.edu/~elf/bowern.html


<!--d-->Lost In Translation... noting he found just four “passive speakers” of the language— all in their mid-thirties—in addition to the thirty-five fluent speakers. ...
www.science-spirit.org/article_ detail.php?article_id=461&pager=1



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Note added at 14 mins (2005-04-24 22:13:31 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

The link for the (important) second example is:

http://sapir.ling.yale.edu/~elf/bowern.html

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 23 mins (2005-04-24 22:22:31 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

Typo: Examples, not Axamples (first line).
Selected response from:

rhandler
Local time: 05:54
Grading comment
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
5 +6passive speakers
rhandler


  

Answers


12 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 5/5 peer agreement (net): +6
passive speakers


Explanation:
Literal. Look at these axamples in this exact context:

American Indian Nations... ie, speakers whose primary vehicle for thought is the Luiseño language. There are, however partial and passive speakers of the Rincón, La Jolla, ...
www.americanindian.ucr.edu/academic/special3.html


Claire Bowern (Harvard U.) Bardi Language Documentation: The Laves ...... There are about 35 fully fluent speakers of the language along with up to 200 passive speakers (out of a community of 1200). All the fluent speakers are ...
sapir.ling.yale.edu/~elf/bowern.html


<!--d-->Lost In Translation... noting he found just four “passive speakers” of the language— all in their mid-thirties—in addition to the thirty-five fluent speakers. ...
www.science-spirit.org/article_ detail.php?article_id=461&pager=1



--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 14 mins (2005-04-24 22:13:31 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

The link for the (important) second example is:

http://sapir.ling.yale.edu/~elf/bowern.html

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 23 mins (2005-04-24 22:22:31 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

Typo: Examples, not Axamples (first line).

rhandler
Local time: 05:54
Native speaker of: Portuguese
PRO pts in category: 44

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Marian Greenfield
6 mins
  -> Thank you, Marian

agree  EduardoSanglard
9 mins
  -> Obrigado, Eduardo

agree  Lawyer-Linguist
20 mins
  -> Thanks, Debbie : - )

agree  Luiza Modesto
1 hr
  -> Obrigado, Luiza

agree  Felipe Simões
13 hrs
  -> Obrigado, Felipe

agree  Sormane Fitzgerald Gomes
15 hrs
  -> Obrigado, Sormane
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