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ilustração e despotismo esclarecido.

English translation: Illuminism and Enlightened Despotism

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02:03 Apr 30, 2001
Portuguese to English translations [Non-PRO]
Art/Literary
Portuguese term or phrase: ilustração e despotismo esclarecido.
O Ocidente Moderno/ Guerras e revoluções na Europa nos séculos XVI e XVII.
Fernanda Silva Mendes
English translation:Illuminism and Enlightened Despotism
Explanation:
Ilustração é um outro nome para Iluminismo. Confesso que nunca vi a palavra Illustration se referindo a este importante movimento intelectual do século XVIII.

Trecho retirado do sítio radical Academy:
"The vast intellectual movement which made its appearance at the close of the "Glorious Revolution" in England (1688) and continued until the French Revolution (1789) is called Illuminism, or the Enlightenment. The new culture, advancing under the aegis of "reason," launched itself in bitter opposition to all the past in general, and in particular to the Middle Ages. According to the Illuminati -- the exponents of the Enlightenment -- the Middle Ages, victim of philosophical and religious prejudices, had not made use of "reason," and hence they called it the age of obscurantism, or the Dark Ages. The new philosophy, on the other hand, was to introduce an age of enlightenment; it was to dispel the darkness of the past."

Sobre Despotismo Esclarecido:
http://www.eurohist.com/the_enlightened_despots.htm

Um abraço e boa sorte.
Carla
Selected response from:

Carla Sherman
United States
Local time: 08:50
Grading comment
Thanks a lot!
Regards!
FSM
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
naEnlightenment and Enlightened DespotismÉlcio Filho
naIlluminism and Enlightened Despotism
Carla Sherman
naillustration /publication/ knowledge and enlightened despotismxxxHenri


  

Answers


8 hrs
illustration /publication/ knowledge and enlightened despotism


Explanation:
Please note that ilustração has 3 meanings. You can now choose the one that fits your context.


    Port. - Engl. Dictionary
xxxHenri
Local time: 17:50
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14 hrs
Illuminism and Enlightened Despotism


Explanation:
Ilustração é um outro nome para Iluminismo. Confesso que nunca vi a palavra Illustration se referindo a este importante movimento intelectual do século XVIII.

Trecho retirado do sítio radical Academy:
"The vast intellectual movement which made its appearance at the close of the "Glorious Revolution" in England (1688) and continued until the French Revolution (1789) is called Illuminism, or the Enlightenment. The new culture, advancing under the aegis of "reason," launched itself in bitter opposition to all the past in general, and in particular to the Middle Ages. According to the Illuminati -- the exponents of the Enlightenment -- the Middle Ages, victim of philosophical and religious prejudices, had not made use of "reason," and hence they called it the age of obscurantism, or the Dark Ages. The new philosophy, on the other hand, was to introduce an age of enlightenment; it was to dispel the darkness of the past."

Sobre Despotismo Esclarecido:
http://www.eurohist.com/the_enlightened_despots.htm

Um abraço e boa sorte.
Carla


    Reference: http://www.radicalacademy.com/adiphililluminism.htm
    Reference: http://www.radicalacademy.com/philenlightenment.htm#french%2...
Carla Sherman
United States
Local time: 08:50
Native speaker of: Native in PortuguesePortuguese
PRO pts in pair: 18
Grading comment
Thanks a lot!
Regards!
FSM
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

17 hrs
Enlightenment and Enlightened Despotism


Explanation:
O termo universalmente utilizado para nomear o movimento filosófico e cultural da razão das Luzes (ou iluminismo, ou ilustração, ou ainda a filosofia das luzes ou filosofia do XVIII) que praticamente dominou o pensamento europeu dos séculos XVII-XVIII é de fato o "Enlightenment", que os portugueses muito apropriadamente chamam de "ilustração", acompanhando a terminologia kantiana de "Aufklärung", o movimento propriamente racionalista do século XVIII em oposição ao movimento de especulação mística encabeçado pelos "Iluminées" (conhecido em inglês como "Iluminism"), um termo geral que abrange as facções místicas da franco-maçonaria.
O despotismo esclarecido ou "Enlightened Despotism" consistiu, assim,primordialmente, nas monarquias européias do início do século XVIII - nomeadamente a Prússia de Frederico (não lembro se o I ou o II) cujos monarcas (na época a monarquia já havia se tornado sinônimo de despostimo e o rei de déspota) simpatizavam com os pressupostos racionalistas, cientificistas e libertários da filosofia das luzes e os implementaram em alguma medida em suas próprias sociedades ou atitudes em relação ao governo, à educação, etc.

Boa sorte,

Élcio


    "A Filosofia do Iluminismo" (livro), de Ernst Cassirer
Élcio Filho
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