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ЗПР

English translation: mild degree of mental retardation

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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Russian term or phrase:ЗПР
English translation:mild degree of mental retardation
Entered by: Vidmantas Stilius
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14:52 Aug 25, 2001
Russian to English translations [PRO]
Medical
Russian term or phrase: ЗПР
ЗПР легкой ст. - It is in a medical report
John Sowerby
United Kingdom
Local time: 05:30
mild degree of mental retardation
Explanation:
Задержка психического развития легкой степени

См.:
С. В. Ихсанова, Армавир Решение Психолога: Зпр Или Умственная Отсталость Задержка психического развития или умственная отсталость? Этот вопрос - один из самых сложных в дифференциальной психодиагностике.
... в то время как к категории ЗПР относят состояния легкой интеллектуальной недостаточности, которая занимает промежуточное положение между умственной ...
Но при необходимости разграничения ЗПР от легкой дебильности у специалистов - детских психиатров, психологов, дефектологов часто возникают затруднения ...

All children with mental retardation can benefit from education. Children with mild retardation (an IQ of 52 to 68) may attain fourth- to sixth-grade reading skills. Although they have difficulty reading, most mildly retarded children can learn the basic educational skills needed for everyday life. They require some supervision and support and special educational and training facilities. They may later require a sheltered living and work situation. Though usually free of obvious physical defects, people who are mildly retarded may have epilepsy.

(I recommend the second link for reference re degrees)

Selected response from:

Vidmantas Stilius
Local time: 07:30
Grading comment
Thank you very much.
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
na +6mild degree of mental retardation
Vidmantas Stilius
naretardation, mental retardation
Natasha Stoyanova
na[comment]
Vidmantas Stilius
na[Comment]
Natalie
na -1developmental delays
Rostov
na -2Epicrisis
1964


  

Answers


12 mins peer agreement (net): -2
Epicrisis


Explanation:
Perhaps I am not sure

1964
Turkey
Local time: 08:30
Native speaker of: Native in TurkishTurkish
PRO pts in pair: 3

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
disagree  DR. RICHARD BAVRY: wonderful stretch of the imagination...but hardly persuasive
59 mins
  -> Yes just a guess, below correct one,

disagree  ttagir: completely!
9 hrs
  -> Just I made a guess for long time unaswered question! Do you see " I am not sure ", so disagree what :should I be sure.
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41 mins peer agreement (net): +6
mild degree of mental retardation


Explanation:
Задержка психического развития легкой степени

См.:
С. В. Ихсанова, Армавир Решение Психолога: Зпр Или Умственная Отсталость Задержка психического развития или умственная отсталость? Этот вопрос - один из самых сложных в дифференциальной психодиагностике.
... в то время как к категории ЗПР относят состояния легкой интеллектуальной недостаточности, которая занимает промежуточное положение между умственной ...
Но при необходимости разграничения ЗПР от легкой дебильности у специалистов - детских психиатров, психологов, дефектологов часто возникают затруднения ...

All children with mental retardation can benefit from education. Children with mild retardation (an IQ of 52 to 68) may attain fourth- to sixth-grade reading skills. Although they have difficulty reading, most mildly retarded children can learn the basic educational skills needed for everyday life. They require some supervision and support and special educational and training facilities. They may later require a sheltered living and work situation. Though usually free of obvious physical defects, people who are mildly retarded may have epilepsy.

(I recommend the second link for reference re degrees)




    Reference: http://www.imaton.spb.su/pg/2001/01/compet_pg2.html
    Reference: http://www.merck.com/pubs/mmanual_home/sec23/255.htm
Vidmantas Stilius
Local time: 07:30
Native speaker of: Native in LithuanianLithuanian
PRO pts in pair: 118
Grading comment
Thank you very much.

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  DR. RICHARD BAVRY: yes, I think that is correct...certainly much more credible than an "epicrisis"
22 mins

agree  Rusinterp
2 hrs

agree  ttagir
9 hrs

agree  1964
9 hrs

agree  dovo
10 hrs

agree  Natalie: I think, it's it, but please see my comment below.
11 hrs
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2 hrs peer agreement (net): -1
developmental delays


Explanation:
1. ...sells learning materials for children with developmental delays and challenges... RE: http://www.difflearn.com/

2. ...nationally recognized not-for-profit pre-school and therapeutic center for children with and without developmental delays ages 18 months to five years... http://www.scbn.com/sceic.html

3. ...Зпр Или Умственная Отсталость
В некоторых случаях детям ставят мягкий, щадящий диагноз ЗПР, ...

4. ...Программа для детей с ЗПР дошкольного и младшего школьного возраста с задержкой психического развития (ЗПР). ...



    Reference: http://www.cl.spb.ru/ppimaton/pg/2001/01/compet_pg2.html
    Reference: http://news.1september.ru/psy/2001/01/7.htm
Rostov
PRO pts in pair: 8

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Ludwig Chekhovtsov
2 hrs

disagree  Vidmantas Stilius: developmental delay includes not only mental problems, but also motoric disturbances etc.-see the second link
7 hrs

disagree  ttagir: inadequate!
7 hrs
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11 hrs
retardation, mental retardation


Explanation:
Нарушение нормального тепма психического развития вследствие соматических заболеваний или поражений центральной нервной системы. Характеризуется снижением умственных способностей, неустойчивостью внимания, ограниченным объемом памяти. Имеет временный характер и можно преодолеть ее.
Справки: Энциклопедический словарь


    Reference: http://www.multitran.ru
Natasha Stoyanova
Local time: 07:30
Native speaker of: Native in BulgarianBulgarian
PRO pts in pair: 4
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11 hrs
[Comment]


Explanation:
I'm almost sure that Vidmantas is right I'd only suggest using "mild mental retardation", without "degree" - see the classification at
http://www.uab.edu/cogdev/mentreta.htm

But be careful, as ЗПР can be also an abbreviation of задержка полового развития (see, for example, http://lib.cango.net.kg/health/rusmed/childgyn/sexdis.htm). So please ensure first if it is mental retardation or impairment of sexual development.

Natalie
Poland
Local time: 06:30
Native speaker of: Native in RussianRussian
PRO pts in pair: 3936
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12 hrs
[comment]


Explanation:
Natalie may be right about sexual development, however, I'm not sure about "legkoi st." then. I have only found "legkiye sluchai" in this context.

As for wording of the whole phrase,
I would "write mental retardation, mild (degree, dg.)".
I'm sure the asker has more information on what's it all about

Vidmantas Stilius
Local time: 07:30
Native speaker of: Native in LithuanianLithuanian
PRO pts in pair: 118
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