KudoZ home » Russian to English » Tech/Engineering

Chistka Zachistka Ochistka

English translation: Cleaning; Cleaning Up; Surface Cleaning

Advertisement

Login or register (free and only takes a few minutes) to participate in this question.

You will also have access to many other tools and opportunities designed for those who have language-related jobs
(or are passionate about them). Participation is free and the site has a strict confidentiality policy.
GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Russian term or phrase:Chistka; Zachistka; Ochistka
English translation:Cleaning; Cleaning Up; Surface Cleaning
Entered by: Jack Doughty
Options:
- Contribute to this entry
- Include in personal glossary

07:45 Mar 8, 2001
Russian to English translations [PRO]
Tech/Engineering
Russian term or phrase: Chistka Zachistka Ochistka
A ship's engine room log includes entries:
chistka maslyanogo filtra
zachistka detaley GTN GD (= gazoturbonagnetatelya glavnogo dvigatelya)
ochistka detaley GTN GD
(Last two on same day by different mechanics).

How do I distinguish between these three forms of cleaning in English?
Jack Doughty
United Kingdom
Local time: 09:22
See below
Explanation:
A little bit of grammar: the perfective verbs express a completed action as opposed to the imperfective that express the action of indefinite duration.

chistitґ - imperfective verb- to clean, to be cleaning
ochistitґ- perfective verb - to clean up
zachistitґ- perfective verb - to clean up a surface, to even up a surface, to polish up.

So:

chistka = cleaning
ochistka = cleaning-up (practically the same as chistka)
zachistka = can mean some sort of cleaning of the surface.

I hope this helps.

Good luck.

Davorka

Selected response from:

Davorka Grgic
Local time: 10:22
Grading comment
Thanks for your explanation, which is roughly what I thought myself, but I felt I needed confirmation at it was useful to get it.
3 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

Advertisement


Summary of answers provided
na +1See below
Davorka Grgic
naCleaningxxxOleg Pashuk
naCleaning
Michael Moskowitz
naclean-up. cleaning
Andrey Popov


  

Answers


42 mins
clean-up. cleaning


Explanation:
I would not distinguish these words. All these words have one and the same meaning in the text provided by you. The different mechanics just use different prefixes, that's all :-))

Regards,

Andrei

Andrey Popov
PRO pts in pair: 8
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

42 mins
Cleaning


Explanation:
Chistka and Ochistka are basically the same - Cleaning, washing
Zahistka is more like grinding or sand-paper-finishing a surface. I'd say finishing.

Michael Moskowitz
Local time: 04:22
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in RussianRussian
PRO pts in pair: 1060
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

46 mins peer agreement (net): +1
See below


Explanation:
A little bit of grammar: the perfective verbs express a completed action as opposed to the imperfective that express the action of indefinite duration.

chistitґ - imperfective verb- to clean, to be cleaning
ochistitґ- perfective verb - to clean up
zachistitґ- perfective verb - to clean up a surface, to even up a surface, to polish up.

So:

chistka = cleaning
ochistka = cleaning-up (practically the same as chistka)
zachistka = can mean some sort of cleaning of the surface.

I hope this helps.

Good luck.

Davorka




    Collins
Davorka Grgic
Local time: 10:22
Native speaker of: Native in CroatianCroatian, Native in SpanishSpanish
PRO pts in pair: 13
Grading comment
Thanks for your explanation, which is roughly what I thought myself, but I felt I needed confirmation at it was useful to get it.

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
Vesna Zivcic

agree  Yury Nestsiarovich: zachistka = may mean some sort of cleaning of the surface from rust (using sand paper or sandblast machine)
3498 days
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

1 hr
Cleaning


Explanation:
All three words mean the same - cleaning

xxxOleg Pashuk
PRO pts in pair: 619
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)




Return to KudoZ list


KudoZ™ translation help
The KudoZ network provides a framework for translators and others to assist each other with translations or explanations of terms and short phrases.



See also:



Term search
  • All of ProZ.com
  • Term search
  • Jobs
  • Forums
  • Multiple search