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sputnik

English translation: see explanation

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17:51 May 5, 2001
Russian to English translations [Non-PRO]
Tech/Engineering
Russian term or phrase: sputnik
what is a "sputnik"?
stuff
English translation:see explanation
Explanation:
Sputnik is the name of a Soviet Satellite. It is also the name of a newspaper in Russia.The name is also used by many other businesses. See Yahoo en Espaсol where I got 903 hits on the subject.

Forty years ago, Sputnik 1 was lofted
into Earth orbit. The tiny Soviet
satellite ushered in the Space Age.

Sputnik's Legacy

MORE EXPLORATIONS

On October 4, 1957, Americans were stunned when they learned--in no uncertain terms-- that the U.S. had been one-upped by the Soviet Union. The Russians had lofted the first earth-orbiting satellite, Sputnik 1.
Forty years later, Sputnik does not seem like much as spacecraft go. A shiny aluminum sphere barely bigger than a basketball and weighing just 184 pounds, Sputnik was too small to be visible but its spent third stage booster, tumbling along behind, could be seen from the ground. And Sputnik's taunting beeps as it blazed over the U.S. every 96 minutes at an astonishing speed of 17,000 miles per hour made its presence painfully obvious. Claire Booth Luce, then a member of Congress and wife of the publisher of Time magazine, termed Sputnik a "raspberry" from Russia.

Sputnik had a brief life in space, determining the density of the upper atmosphere as part of the International Geophysical Year (IGY), an international scientific collaboration to study Earth. Its radio transmitters, which were sending signals to Earth, went silent after 21 days. Sputnik's orbit decayed, and it burned up in the atmosphere on January 4, 1958--92 days after its launch.

Luck,

Bye


Selected response from:

xxxtrans4u
Grading comment
Graded automatically based on peer agreement.
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
na +2see explanationxxxtrans4u
nasatelliteDessislava
nafellow travelerChristopher Gierig
na1.Satellite. 2.Traveling companion. 3.Spouse.xxxOleg Pashuk
nasatellite, companionartyan
nacompanionxxxNermina
naSee below
Oleg Rudavin


  

Answers


3 hrs peer agreement (net): +2
see explanation


Explanation:
Sputnik is the name of a Soviet Satellite. It is also the name of a newspaper in Russia.The name is also used by many other businesses. See Yahoo en Espaсol where I got 903 hits on the subject.

Forty years ago, Sputnik 1 was lofted
into Earth orbit. The tiny Soviet
satellite ushered in the Space Age.

Sputnik's Legacy

MORE EXPLORATIONS

On October 4, 1957, Americans were stunned when they learned--in no uncertain terms-- that the U.S. had been one-upped by the Soviet Union. The Russians had lofted the first earth-orbiting satellite, Sputnik 1.
Forty years later, Sputnik does not seem like much as spacecraft go. A shiny aluminum sphere barely bigger than a basketball and weighing just 184 pounds, Sputnik was too small to be visible but its spent third stage booster, tumbling along behind, could be seen from the ground. And Sputnik's taunting beeps as it blazed over the U.S. every 96 minutes at an astonishing speed of 17,000 miles per hour made its presence painfully obvious. Claire Booth Luce, then a member of Congress and wife of the publisher of Time magazine, termed Sputnik a "raspberry" from Russia.

Sputnik had a brief life in space, determining the density of the upper atmosphere as part of the International Geophysical Year (IGY), an international scientific collaboration to study Earth. Its radio transmitters, which were sending signals to Earth, went silent after 21 days. Sputnik's orbit decayed, and it burned up in the atmosphere on January 4, 1958--92 days after its launch.

Luck,

Bye




xxxtrans4u
Grading comment
Graded automatically based on peer agreement.

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Kirill Semenov
714 days

agree  Robert Donahue
1455 days
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3 hrs
companion


Explanation:
literal breakdown: s + putnik = with + traveller

sputnik has the same meaning as companion in english and it is as broad as in english


    6 years of learning
xxxNermina
Native speaker of: Native in BosnianBosnian
PRO pts in pair: 4
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6 hrs
See below


Explanation:
Let me, too, have a word. We don't know where the word was taken from. In case it's from an original English text it'll certainly mean 'artificial satellite' - the borrowing from Russian, together with balalaika or samovar, is used in this meaning only. If it's a word from a Russian text written with Latin letters it may mean 'companion'. Another popular usage of 'sputnik' is in 'goroda-sputniki', that is, 'satellite towns' around or composing a metropolis.

Oleg Rudavin
Ukraine
Local time: 23:11
Native speaker of: Native in RussianRussian, Native in UkrainianUkrainian
PRO pts in pair: 275
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11 hrs
satellite, companion


Explanation:

satellite, companion

This question has been posted a short time ago (April 22). (You can see six answers more at http://www.proz.com/h.php3?bs=1&id=44775).

At that time, I wrote the following:


Explanation:

Depending on the context, this can be either "satellite" or "companion". The meaning "companion" is the most traditional one. See some examples below:

sputnik moey zhizni = the companion of my life

sputnik Zemli = Earth satellite
estestvenniy sputnik = natural satellite
obitaemiy sputnik, sputnik s chelovekom na bortu = manned satellite

Please note the Russian word "satellit" can also mean "satellite state". If we are talking about a person, "satellit" means "minion", "vassal".

Basically, these are the meanings of "sputnik".


Hope that this helps you,

Best regards,

Artyan



    Previous answer
artyan
United States
Local time: 13:11
Native speaker of: Native in RussianRussian
PRO pts in pair: 134
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1 day 13 hrs
1.Satellite. 2.Traveling companion. 3.Spouse.


Explanation:
Depending on situation, any of the above can be used.

xxxOleg Pashuk
PRO pts in pair: 619
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2 days 20 hrs
satellite


Explanation:
Sputnik is the Russian word for the space equipment made to circle a planet or any other space object. The proper word for that in English is satellite.

Dessislava
Local time: 23:11
Native speaker of: Native in BulgarianBulgarian
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8 days
fellow traveler


Explanation:
the best definition that I can give for a "sputnik" is a close companion with whom one takes a long journey with, whether on the road or in life.

"s" -- with
"put" -- road, path

"nik" -- noun ending


    Graduate student, soon to graduate
Christopher Gierig
United States
Local time: 13:11
PRO pts in pair: 4
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