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|Russian to English translations [PRO]|
|Russian term or phrase: Спира (?)|
|Базы колонн, состоящие из двух частей - спиры и торуса, вытесаны из единого блока. Характер декорирования нимфейских баз позволяет отнести их к базам самосского типа позднеархаического периода.|
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Local time: 18:55
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Spire (and Torus)
That part of column is usually called
Spire (see explanation below
spire I сущ. что-л. заостренной или конусообразной формы 1) шпиль, игла, острие 4) остроконечная башенка Syn: pinnacle 1...)
Please note that both these pieces are elements of so-called "entablature" of a column (or its base, basement).
Below I give am exceprt which MUST answer your question (from Britannica)
=======start of citation========
...There are many separate elements that make up a complete column and entablature. (See the Figure.)
At the bottom of the column is the stylobate; this is a continuous flat pavement on which a row of columns is supported. Rising out of the stylobate is the plinth, a square or circular block that is the lowest part of the base. Atop the plinth and forming the remainder of the base are one or more
circular moldings that have varying profiles; these may include a torus (a convex molding that is semicircular in profile), a scotia (with a concave profile), and one or more fillets, or narrow bands.
=====end of citation=========
You may also see some pages on the matter, using search engines with words
column AND order AND torus AND style, etc.
Dr. Tagir S. Tagirov,
Local time: 20:55
Native speaker of: Russian, Tatar
PRO pts in pair: 492
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