tile setter, terrazzo worker and tile stove mason
Slazem se sa kolegama, to su nazivi tih zvanja. Ali, ako sam dobro shvatila, vama treba zvanje iz diplome koje obuhvata sva tri zanata? Mozda ovo pojasnjenje dodatno pomogne oko izbora termina:
Marble setters, tile setters, and terrazzo workers are employed in the masonry and stonework trades covering interior and exterior walls, floors, and other surfaces with marble, tile, and terrazzo. Setters in each of these distinct trades work primarily with the material indicated by their title.
These workers are employed in the general construction industries building such things as libraries, schools, hospitals, and apartment complexes. Terrazzo workers tend to be most concentrated in the warm southern states of Texas, California, and Florida. There are approximately 44,000 marble setters, tile setters, and terrazzo workers employed in the United States.
■ THE JOB
Part builders and part artists, marble setters, tile setters, and terrazzo workers work on newly constructed or remodeled buildings. Tile and terrazzo are used mainly on interior building surfaces, while marble (in large pieces) is used primarily as exterior facing.
In marble work, the material to be used is generally delivered to the site ready to be applied, so little cutting and polishing is required. Machine hoists and marble helpers aid in lifting and carrying large marble blocks. Helpers do most of the mixing of cement and mortar, which leaves the setters free to concentrate on their work. When setting marble, the workers first lay out the job... Special grout is packed into the joints between the marble pieces, and the joints are slightly indented. This indenting is known as “pointing up.”
Tile setters attach tile (thin slabs of clay or stone) to floors, walls, and ceilings with mortar or specially prepared tile cement. They set a sheet of metal mesh to the surface to be tiled and then apply the cement to it, raking it with a tool similar to a yard rake. When this “scratch coat” has dried, they put a second coat of cement to the mesh and to the tiles and set the tiles in place. Some smaller-sized tile comes in sheets made by fastening a number of tiles to a special paper backing so that they do not have to be set individually. Glassy, nonporous tile is used primarily for floors, and duller, more porous tile is used for walls. After the tile is set in place, the setters tap it with a block of wood or a tool handle to even out the surface. They finish by applying grout, a fine cement, to the set tile, scraping it with a tool to remove the excess grout and wiping it with a wet sponge.
Terrazzo workers lay a base (first course) of fine, dry concrete and level it with a straightedge. They then place metal strips wherever a joint will be placed or where design or color delineations are to be made. This metal stripping is embedded in the first course of concrete. Then the terrazzo workers pour the top course of concrete a mortar containing marble or granite chips and roll and level it. Different-colored stone chips are used to color whatever pattern has been planned for the finished floor. In a few days, after the concrete has hardened, the floor is ground smooth and polished with large polishing machines.
If you want to apply for jobs in these three trades, you should be at least 17 or 18 years old to qualify for labor management apprenticeship programs. You should also have graduated from high school or have received a GED. Take at least some courses that involve using hand tools, reading blueprints, and taking precise measurements. Other courses that will be helpful include general math and core English. Taking art courses will increase your knowledge and perception of colors (which is helpful in the marble and tile trades), and many vocational courses will help you improve your manual dexterity. In addition, since being in good physical condition is often necessary in these jobs, participate in sports and general physical education classes....
Tile stove mason is he, who can not only build new tile stoves and kitcheners, but is able also to re-build the old and cracked ones. This task is more demanding than just building a new tile stove and only a true professional can manage it. To acquire a real profession it does not mean to take just one year apprenticeship training course, the handicraft of tile stove mason represents besides training course also practice in the craft, positive attitude towards the craft and dexterity. Only such a professional can be called a „tile stove mason“ .
| Aida Samardzic|
Local time: 04:12
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Serbian, Bosnian
PRO pts in category: 24