sacar la hijuela

English translation: extracting silkworm gut

GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Spanish term or phrase:sacar la hijuela
English translation:extracting silkworm gut
Entered by: Justin Peterson

09:49 Nov 21, 2018
Spanish to English translations [PRO]
Agriculture / Silk Production
Spanish term or phrase: sacar la hijuela
An old photo of women working to produce silk, in Murcia, by hand, using a traditional method:

Sacando la hijuela en el proceso de fabricación de la seda Almadraba de Santa Elena, a traditional fishing method in the eastern Mediterranean
Justin Peterson
Spain
Local time: 11:57
extracting silkworm gut
Explanation:
Look at the following two passages: I think they are unmistakably talking about the same thing.

This is from José Galante's Villaranda's Manual de sericultura (1880), pp. 155-56:

"En Murcia se halla bastante desarrollada la industria de los sedales, que llaman hijuelas, á cuyo objeto destinan principalmente los gusanos que después de la tercera muda, dan señales ciertas de enfermedad y de que no han de llegar á hacer un buen capullo. Para sacar la hijuela los tienen veinte y cuatro horas en un baño de vinagre y sal, y las mujeres prácticas en esta operación extraen las hijuelas y las lavan perfectamente en agua acidulada con zumo de limón. Calcúlase que el número de gusanos que podría dar una arroba de capullos produce unas tres libras de hijuela, la cual se vende de 20 á 25 pesetas la libra."
https://docplayer.es/64209196-Sericicultura-manual-cria-de-l...

And this is from an medical article published in 1949 on surgical silk entitled "The Story of Silk and Silkworm Gut":

"Silkworm Gut
In the preparation of silkworm gut the caterpillars on reaching maturity are not allowed to apin their cocoons. The peasant, who has so tenderly cared for his charges up to this point, suddenly turns traitor and rudely dumps them into a vinegar bath, putting him within reach of his goal but putting the caterpillars for ever beyond reach of theirs. The viscous sticky fluid, which would harden upon coming into contact with air into the strong glossy thread of silk, is prevented by the vinegar bath from being spun into a cocoon and a peasant girl with deft fingers extracts the tubes and lays them across her knees, stretching them to their full length. Silkworm gut, even to this day, is almost exclusively produced in the location where it had its inception some 6o or 70 years ago-the city of Murcia, capital of a sunny province of the same name in south-easterly Spain. Although many other localities have attempted the production of silkworm gut, the climate and soil of Murcia have given the populace of the community a virtual monopoly of the product. For miles around the city itself, the so-called 'Huerta' peasants may be seen cultivating the silkworm for its silk or for gut, the proportion of each depending upon the rise and fall of the market. "
https://pmj.bmj.com/content/postgradmedj/25/288/483.full.pdf

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 51 mins (2018-11-21 10:40:43 GMT)
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There could be a connection to fishing, actually, since that is or was one of the uses of hijuela:

"La hijuela es resultado de la glándula de la seda después de coagulada y estirada y de haber sufrido una ligera preparación.
Esta industria eminentemente murciana, tuvo su origen a mediados del S. XIX y fue el resultado de las pruebas que hicieron los huertanos para darle salida a la producción cuando se estropeaba por alguna enfermedad en la fase adulta de los gusanos.
La hijuela se ha destinado a la pesca, por su gran transparencia y elasticidad de la fibra dentro del agua, que además aumenta su resistencia y en suturas en cirugía y con su aparición vino a sustituir a la “crin de Florencia” que era la cerda blanca de caballo."
https://grupolahijuela.wordpress.com/la-hijuela-y-patino/

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 1 hr (2018-11-21 10:50:38 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

Further references:

"La hijuela o hilo de pescar y de cirugía / Información Comercial Española
Silkworm gut for Surgery and Fishhooks / Información Comercial Española"
http://europa.sim.ucm.es/compludoc/GetSumario?zfr=&r=/S/1061...

Confirming the fishing connection:

"El "silkworm gut" es el Crín de Florencia o hijuelas de seda de tripa.Se consigue extrayendo las glándulas de la seda del gusano de seda. Poniendolas en maceración ,en una mezcla acido-salina, durante un tiempo y estirándolas hasta el calibre deseado."
http://moscasdesalmonpedrovigil.blogspot.com/2012/01/crin-de...
Selected response from:

Charles Davis
Spain
Local time: 11:57
Grading comment
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
4 +3extracting silkworm gut
Charles Davis


Discussion entries: 3





  

Answers


49 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +3
extracting silkworm gut


Explanation:
Look at the following two passages: I think they are unmistakably talking about the same thing.

This is from José Galante's Villaranda's Manual de sericultura (1880), pp. 155-56:

"En Murcia se halla bastante desarrollada la industria de los sedales, que llaman hijuelas, á cuyo objeto destinan principalmente los gusanos que después de la tercera muda, dan señales ciertas de enfermedad y de que no han de llegar á hacer un buen capullo. Para sacar la hijuela los tienen veinte y cuatro horas en un baño de vinagre y sal, y las mujeres prácticas en esta operación extraen las hijuelas y las lavan perfectamente en agua acidulada con zumo de limón. Calcúlase que el número de gusanos que podría dar una arroba de capullos produce unas tres libras de hijuela, la cual se vende de 20 á 25 pesetas la libra."
https://docplayer.es/64209196-Sericicultura-manual-cria-de-l...

And this is from an medical article published in 1949 on surgical silk entitled "The Story of Silk and Silkworm Gut":

"Silkworm Gut
In the preparation of silkworm gut the caterpillars on reaching maturity are not allowed to apin their cocoons. The peasant, who has so tenderly cared for his charges up to this point, suddenly turns traitor and rudely dumps them into a vinegar bath, putting him within reach of his goal but putting the caterpillars for ever beyond reach of theirs. The viscous sticky fluid, which would harden upon coming into contact with air into the strong glossy thread of silk, is prevented by the vinegar bath from being spun into a cocoon and a peasant girl with deft fingers extracts the tubes and lays them across her knees, stretching them to their full length. Silkworm gut, even to this day, is almost exclusively produced in the location where it had its inception some 6o or 70 years ago-the city of Murcia, capital of a sunny province of the same name in south-easterly Spain. Although many other localities have attempted the production of silkworm gut, the climate and soil of Murcia have given the populace of the community a virtual monopoly of the product. For miles around the city itself, the so-called 'Huerta' peasants may be seen cultivating the silkworm for its silk or for gut, the proportion of each depending upon the rise and fall of the market. "
https://pmj.bmj.com/content/postgradmedj/25/288/483.full.pdf

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 51 mins (2018-11-21 10:40:43 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

There could be a connection to fishing, actually, since that is or was one of the uses of hijuela:

"La hijuela es resultado de la glándula de la seda después de coagulada y estirada y de haber sufrido una ligera preparación.
Esta industria eminentemente murciana, tuvo su origen a mediados del S. XIX y fue el resultado de las pruebas que hicieron los huertanos para darle salida a la producción cuando se estropeaba por alguna enfermedad en la fase adulta de los gusanos.
La hijuela se ha destinado a la pesca, por su gran transparencia y elasticidad de la fibra dentro del agua, que además aumenta su resistencia y en suturas en cirugía y con su aparición vino a sustituir a la “crin de Florencia” que era la cerda blanca de caballo."
https://grupolahijuela.wordpress.com/la-hijuela-y-patino/

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 1 hr (2018-11-21 10:50:38 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

Further references:

"La hijuela o hilo de pescar y de cirugía / Información Comercial Española
Silkworm gut for Surgery and Fishhooks / Información Comercial Española"
http://europa.sim.ucm.es/compludoc/GetSumario?zfr=&r=/S/1061...

Confirming the fishing connection:

"El "silkworm gut" es el Crín de Florencia o hijuelas de seda de tripa.Se consigue extrayendo las glándulas de la seda del gusano de seda. Poniendolas en maceración ,en una mezcla acido-salina, durante un tiempo y estirándolas hasta el calibre deseado."
http://moscasdesalmonpedrovigil.blogspot.com/2012/01/crin-de...

Charles Davis
Spain
Local time: 11:57
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 135

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  neilmac: :0... fascinating...
15 mins
  -> Many thanks, Neil :-) I really like the English article: "putting him within reach of his goal but putting the caterpillars for ever beyond reach of theirs". They don't write medical articles like that any more.

agree  Marie Wilson: Poor caterpillars!
27 mins
  -> Quite! Thanks a lot, Marie :-)

agree  Yvonne Gallagher: yes, fascinating. Agree about the style of writing as well. Love "suddenly turns traitor!"
3 hrs
  -> Many thanks, Yvonne :-) It's great, isn't it?
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