Laurisilvas térmicas

English translation: Thermophilic laurisilva

16:56 Dec 22, 2016
Spanish to English translations [PRO]
Art/Literary - Geography / Text from the Canary Islands
Spanish term or phrase: Laurisilvas térmicas
2.
Monteverde y Laurisilva (con incidencia directa de los Alisios).
a) Laurisilvas térmicas:
Ambiente de Transición alto, entre 800-900 (1000) m de cota, precipitaciones de 300-500 mm anuales, bioclimas Inframediterráneo y Termomediterráneo pluviestacional seco.
Bordes septentrionales de Tamadaba-Guayedra y en las estribaciones del norte de Altavista-Tirma), bosquetes lauroides de Apollonias, Heberdenia, Visnea, Sideroxylon, Arbutus, Phyllirhea, etc.

Thermal laurel forests? Can't find any reference on the web. TIA for your help/suggestions.
Lorna O'Donoghue
Local time: 06:44
English translation:Thermophilic laurisilva
Explanation:
Or thermophilic/thermophilous laurel forests.

I've also seen sub-tropical/semitropical laurel forests but I'm not sure if it's quite the same. Thermophile refers to the forest's sponge and canopy effect.

Laurisilva

As the prevailing northerly winds encounter the abrupt peaks of the westernmost Canary Islands they are forced upwards, such that the air cools and water vapour condenses, creating a dense, persistent cloud layer between 500 and 1,200 m on the north-facing slopes. This humid, montane zone is occupied by the renowned laurel forests - known locally as laurisilva - of the archipelago. Wreathed in perpetual mist, these damp, shady woodlands represent some of the last remaining examples of the semi-tropical vegetation that dominated much of Europe during the Tertiary period, with exceptional stands preserved within the Garajonay National Park on La Gomera.

Ixanthus viscosus © Teresa Farino
Ixanthus viscosus
© Teresa Farino
Among the trees of the laurisilva, adaptation to high levels of humidity has resulted in an overriding morphological stereotype, similar to that frequently encountered in the tropical forests of the world: tough, evergreen, glossy leaves with pronounced 'drip-tips', such that water runs off easily and doesn't accumulate to rot the foliage. As a result, it is hard to differentiate between the various tree species that make up the canopy, only four of which are in fact laurels (family Lauraceae): Laurus novocanariensis, Ocotea foetens, Persea indica and Apollonias barbujana.

http://www.iberianwildlife.com/canary-islands/forest-habitat...

http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/volltextserver/17981/1/Th...

FLORA
Laurel forest is a subtropical forest characterised by high levels of humidity and relatively stable temperatures. The laurel forest that survives in Tenerife is the descendant of the ancient tertiary forests of the Mediterranean basin that disappeared millions of years ago. In its purest state, is made up of some twenty different species of trees, with a thick undergrowth of ferns, mosses and other typical plants of dark and shady habitats.

http://www.todotenerife.es/en/article/show/167/laurisilva-fa...
Selected response from:

Helena Chavarria
Spain
Local time: 07:44
Grading comment
Thanks Helena. This would appear to make the most sense.
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
3Thermophilic laurisilva
Helena Chavarria
Summary of reference entries provided
laurisylvan thermics [thermic bioclimate conditions]
andres-larsen

Discussion entries: 6





  

Answers


2 hrs   confidence: Answerer confidence 3/5Answerer confidence 3/5
Thermophilic laurisilva


Explanation:
Or thermophilic/thermophilous laurel forests.

I've also seen sub-tropical/semitropical laurel forests but I'm not sure if it's quite the same. Thermophile refers to the forest's sponge and canopy effect.

Laurisilva

As the prevailing northerly winds encounter the abrupt peaks of the westernmost Canary Islands they are forced upwards, such that the air cools and water vapour condenses, creating a dense, persistent cloud layer between 500 and 1,200 m on the north-facing slopes. This humid, montane zone is occupied by the renowned laurel forests - known locally as laurisilva - of the archipelago. Wreathed in perpetual mist, these damp, shady woodlands represent some of the last remaining examples of the semi-tropical vegetation that dominated much of Europe during the Tertiary period, with exceptional stands preserved within the Garajonay National Park on La Gomera.

Ixanthus viscosus © Teresa Farino
Ixanthus viscosus
© Teresa Farino
Among the trees of the laurisilva, adaptation to high levels of humidity has resulted in an overriding morphological stereotype, similar to that frequently encountered in the tropical forests of the world: tough, evergreen, glossy leaves with pronounced 'drip-tips', such that water runs off easily and doesn't accumulate to rot the foliage. As a result, it is hard to differentiate between the various tree species that make up the canopy, only four of which are in fact laurels (family Lauraceae): Laurus novocanariensis, Ocotea foetens, Persea indica and Apollonias barbujana.

http://www.iberianwildlife.com/canary-islands/forest-habitat...

http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/volltextserver/17981/1/Th...

FLORA
Laurel forest is a subtropical forest characterised by high levels of humidity and relatively stable temperatures. The laurel forest that survives in Tenerife is the descendant of the ancient tertiary forests of the Mediterranean basin that disappeared millions of years ago. In its purest state, is made up of some twenty different species of trees, with a thick undergrowth of ferns, mosses and other typical plants of dark and shady habitats.

http://www.todotenerife.es/en/article/show/167/laurisilva-fa...

Helena Chavarria
Spain
Local time: 07:44
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 16
Grading comment
Thanks Helena. This would appear to make the most sense.
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Reference comments


1 hr
Reference: laurisylvan thermics [thermic bioclimate conditions]

Reference information:
World National Parks List - Webs
www.freewebs.com/bobbyparks/parkslist.htm
Witjira, Australia, 136.39, -27.0, 1985, desert thermal springs, rare species, 4 wheel drive ...... Garajonay, Spain, -17.13, 28.08, Laurisylvan forest, Gomera Island.

Landscape conscience: awareness raising, training and education ...
https://www.researchgate.net/.../282664464_Landscape_conscie...
Table 1.3: Thermic and hydric conditions of bioclimates, and levels of ...... laurisylvan forest do, however, survive as reminders of what Greece was like so.

andres-larsen
Venezuela
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 4
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