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|Spanish to English translations [PRO]|
Art/Literary / B.S.
|Spanish term or phrase: epistemes|
|En alguna medida la obra del artista formula este cambio de epistemes mientras refleja ansiedades contemporáneas en relación a la fragilidad del ser y del sistema social por medio de estas particulares referencias|
I must have been really bad in a former life.
Foucault's account in 'The Order of Things' is useful here. Foucault outlines the notion of 'epistemes' as constitutive of particular world-views at particular historical periods. "An episteme is, very roughly, a conceptual grid that provides conceptions of order, sign and language that allow a series of discursive practices to qualify a 'knowledge'" (Gregory: 21) (note: there is a correspondence, here, between Foucault's 'macro' epistemes and Kuhn's notion of 'paradigms', to be discussed later). Foucault charts the transformation from the Renaissance episteme of 'resemblance'; "a way of thinking and being in the world in which there was no gap between 'words' and 'things', no difference between signs on parchment and signs in nature" (ibid), to the 'classical' episteme in which a gap between words and things was opened up; 'resemblance' yielded to 'representation'. In this classical episteme, science (or 'natural history') takes up the role of navigating between the word and object, a role designed "to bring language as close as possible to the observing gaze, and the things observed as close as possible to words" (Foucault q.v. Gregory: 21). In the classical episteme science is aligned with representation.
Epistemes are the general rules societies follow that shape a period of thought and rationality. Eileen Hooper-Greenhill defines and explains three epistemes that have shaped Western civilization since the Renaissance in her essay "What Is a Museum?" These are the Renaissance episteme, the classical episteme, and the modern episteme.
See the refs for much more info, and good luck!
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Local time: 17:55
|Marvellous explanation, thanks very much.|
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8 mins confidence: peer agreement (net): +7
This is a term from French post-modernist, post-structuralist theory -- or something like that -- goes back to Foucault.
It is a technical term which has been used in a Spanish text in its French form -- so why translate into English.
The English form is the same, anyway.
A barbarism -- composed by the conjunction of epistemology and -emic. The latter (i.e. -emic) being a term from the fashionsble science of linguistics, formed in a paradigm with "phoneme", "morpheme", "tagmeme" etc.
What it means is another question altogether.