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rezago histórico

English translation: historical lag

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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Spanish term or phrase:rezago histórico
English translation:historical lag
Entered by: GoodWords
Options:
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- Include in personal glossary

11:45 Aug 2, 2001
Spanish to English translations [PRO]
Bus/Financial - Economics
Spanish term or phrase: rezago histórico
"...en relación con la competitividad de la economía nacional y con las necesidades de un rezago histórico en términos de la infraestructura para la producción y la productividad."

My rough draft so far for this part:

"in relation to competitivity in the national economy, as well as *** in terms of the infrastructure for production and productivity."

I have: "rezago=Atraso o residuo que queda de una cosa." but I don't see how this meaning fits into the context, nor how "histórico" modifies it, nor what it is a residual of.

Help!
GoodWords
Mexico
Local time: 21:29
a vote for "historical lag"...
Explanation:
.. which has already been suggested. Look at this:

Long before the World Bank took notice, Indian spokespeople and their advocates had been insisting, with little success, on the need to combat the poverty and "marginalization" of indigenous communities in the Americas. Mexican presidential candidates routinely promise to redress the "historical lag" (rezago histórico) of their Indian compatriots when their campaign trips bring them into contact with them. Indians have learned to distrust this public rhetoric, and they have long relied on traditional patron-client relationships with local politicians and bureaucrats in order to obtain small gains or redress specific grievances. (http://www.nyu.edu/classes/yudice/Democrat/staven.htm)

Context. Entering the 1980’s, rural America seemed poised for strong economic performance.
Growth in population, employment, and income in the 1970’s had exceeded that of urban areas,
narrowing the historical lag in rural well-being and greatly reducing rural population loss. But, a
combination of factors prevented rural areas from further narrowing the gap in the 1980’s. (http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/aib664/ISS-RUEC.PDF)

Hope it helps.
Selected response from:

xxxtazdog
Spain
Local time: 04:29
Grading comment
Thanks, these references confirmed that "historical lag" was indeed a correct reading of this text. I had done a Google search, but had not found these references. Thanks also to Tayfun and Jackie for confirming "historical lag". Special mention to Cecila whose answer resolved the difficulty I had in understanding "necesidades" in this context; a literal reading could suggest a "need for a historical lag", which of course would not make sense. I guessed "needs generated by", but I didn't know if this could be correct until I received Cecilia's suggestion. Thanks!
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
na +2Let me have a shot: "in relation/with regards to the competi-
Parrot
na +1historical backwardness
boni
naa vote for "historical lag"...xxxtazdog
nahistorical lag
Jackie_A
naHistorical delay/set backAngelaMR
nahistorical lag
1964
na -1leave behind history
Vivian
na -1history's inheritance/legacy/example/lesson/experience
flaviofbg


  

Answers


7 mins peer agreement (net): -1
history's inheritance/legacy/example/lesson/experience


Explanation:
Hi GoodWords...

being "rezagar"-->"to leave behind", and considering "histórico", I thought one possible option could be "what you leave behind historically", therefore the above options. Sort of an historical inheritance.

Hope it helps,

Flavio


    Translation Student (UJI)
    Collins
flaviofbg
Spain
Local time: 04:29
Native speaker of: Native in ItalianItalian, Native in SpanishSpanish

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
disagree  CCW: this is not the meaning here
6 hrs
  -> Vaya, tienes toda la razón. Perdón por la confusión! :)
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29 mins peer agreement (net): +1
historical backwardness


Explanation:
Las definiciones que yo he encontrado para la palabra "rezago" son:
1. atraso o residuo que queda de una cosa
2. reses débiles que se apartan del ganado
De esto y del fragmento de texto que has puesto aquí, deduzco que de lo que se está hablando es de que, para alcanzar el nivel de competitividad deseado deben superarse una serie de carencias infraestructurales debidas a ese "retraso histórico" (así lo expresaría yo en castellano) que se menciona. No sé si la traducción te ayudará mucho, pero creo que ése es el sentido en castellano.


    Reference: http://www.diccionarios.com
boni

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  CCW: creo que esta es la mejor alternativa de todas
6 hrs
  -> Gracias!
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30 mins peer agreement (net): -1
leave behind history


Explanation:


in relation to the competitiveness and the necessities of the national economy (I, We ) leave behind history in terms of the infrastructure for the production and the productivity.



Vivian
United States
Local time: 22:29

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
disagree  CCW: this is wrong; nobody is talking about someone leaving behind anything
5 hrs
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1 hr peer agreement (net): +2
Let me have a shot: "in relation/with regards to the competi-


Explanation:
tivity of the national economy and the needs generated by a HISTORICAL BACKLOG in terms of production infrastructure and productivity".

Parrot
Spain
Local time: 04:29
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 16

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Ana-Maria Hulse: the best
12 hrs

agree  Patricia Lutteral: I think this is the underlying idea in "rezago histórico"
2 days 2 hrs
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1 hr
historical lag


Explanation:
I think an underdeveloped and developed compared and perhaps historical lag may describe that difference inbetween.

1964
Turkey
Local time: 06:29
Works in field
Native speaker of: Native in TurkishTurkish
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3 hrs
Historical delay/set back


Explanation:
Considerando que el Diccionario Salamanca define "rezagarse" como retrasarse o atrasarse, pienso que el término Rezago Histórico puede referirse a una demora en el desarrollo histórico de algo... Just another possibility for you to consider. I think that in the context of what is written above, it would be best to use "historical set backs in terms of the infrastructure..." or a synonym along those lines.

AngelaMR
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12 hrs
a vote for "historical lag"...


Explanation:
.. which has already been suggested. Look at this:

Long before the World Bank took notice, Indian spokespeople and their advocates had been insisting, with little success, on the need to combat the poverty and "marginalization" of indigenous communities in the Americas. Mexican presidential candidates routinely promise to redress the "historical lag" (rezago histórico) of their Indian compatriots when their campaign trips bring them into contact with them. Indians have learned to distrust this public rhetoric, and they have long relied on traditional patron-client relationships with local politicians and bureaucrats in order to obtain small gains or redress specific grievances. (http://www.nyu.edu/classes/yudice/Democrat/staven.htm)

Context. Entering the 1980’s, rural America seemed poised for strong economic performance.
Growth in population, employment, and income in the 1970’s had exceeded that of urban areas,
narrowing the historical lag in rural well-being and greatly reducing rural population loss. But, a
combination of factors prevented rural areas from further narrowing the gap in the 1980’s. (http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/aib664/ISS-RUEC.PDF)

Hope it helps.


    Reference: http://www.google.com
xxxtazdog
Spain
Local time: 04:29
Native speaker of: English
PRO pts in category: 8
Grading comment
Thanks, these references confirmed that "historical lag" was indeed a correct reading of this text. I had done a Google search, but had not found these references. Thanks also to Tayfun and Jackie for confirming "historical lag". Special mention to Cecila whose answer resolved the difficulty I had in understanding "necesidades" in this context; a literal reading could suggest a "need for a historical lag", which of course would not make sense. I guessed "needs generated by", but I didn't know if this could be correct until I received Cecilia's suggestion. Thanks!
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

21 hrs
historical lag


Explanation:
One more vote because:

rezagarse = quedarse atrás
to lag = to fall behind

Jackie_A
United States
Local time: 19:29
Native speaker of: Native in SpanishSpanish, Native in EnglishEnglish
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