jus

English translation: JUS unit

Login or register (free and only takes a few minutes) to participate in this question.

You will also have access to many other tools and opportunities designed for those who have language-related jobs (or are passionate about them). Participation is free and the site has a strict confidentiality policy.

GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Spanish term or phrase:jus
English translation:JUS unit
Options:
- Contribute to this entry
- Include in personal glossary

04:18 Jul 7, 2018
    The asker opted for community grading. The question was closed on 2018-07-10 17:54:09 based on peer agreement (or, if there were too few peer comments, asker preference.)


Spanish to English translations [PRO]
Law/Patents - Law (general)
Spanish term or phrase: jus
"El monto de la referida multa no podrá ser inferior a cien (100) jus"

This comes from a statute in Argentina concerning the situation of legal fees between client and attorney. Not sure what is meant by "jus" here. This is in a section that discusses the penalties (sanciones) for waiving legal fees early and forming agreements for amounts less than those foreseen in the law.

Much thanks in advance!
Joshua Farley
United States
Local time: 21:56
JUS unit
Explanation:
This is the Argentine system of a standard unit for fines and fees, similar to the standard scale, as it's known in the United Kingdom, or the Penalty Units system in Australia:

"The standard scale is a system whereby financial criminal penalties (fines) in legislation have maximum levels set against a standard scale. Then, when inflation makes it necessary to increase the levels of the fines the legislators need to modify only the scale rather than every individual piece of legislation."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_scale#Scotland

"In Australian law, a penalty unit (abbreviated as PU) is an amount of money used to compute pecuniary penalties for many breaches of statute law. Fines are calculated by multiplying the value of one penalty unit by the number of penalty units prescribed for the offence.
Prior to the introduction of penalty units, fines and other charges were usually prescribed in terms of ordinary money (pounds or, later, dollars). However, the effects of inflation meant that originally substantial penalties were eventually reduced to trifling sums. Frequent amendment of the many laws and regulations dealing with pecuniary penalties would be a very time-consuming process. Penalty units provide a quick and simple way to adjust many different fees and charges."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penalty_unit

I quote these because they explain the rationale behing standard units: they are convenient in places with inflation (such as Argentina) because by changing the value of a JUS unit you automatically update all the laws that specify fines.

""Artículo 17.- El Jus. Destino de los importes de las multas. La unidad para determinar la cuantía de la multa es el jus, el cual es el equivalente en pesos a la unidad jus que establece la ley 12.851 y vigente al momento de aplicar la sanción."
http://diputadossocialistas.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/P...

The JUS is also used to set legal fees:
https://www.casf.org.ar/colegio/ley-12851/

Here you can see how the value has been updated in Santa Fe province:
http://www.justiciasantafe.gov.ar/js/index.php?go=i&id=3791

I think you can call it a JUS unit; I would be inclined to put JUS in capitals, which will help to make it clear that's it's a conventional unit

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 1 hr (2018-07-07 05:59:05 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

It seems that local fines in Córdoba were pegged to the price of gasoline (petrol), and it was proposed in 2017 that they should use the JUS unit instead:

"Piden descolgar el valor de las multas del litro de nafta [...]
Teniendo en cuenta que según el artículo 21 de la Ordenanza 12468 -Código de Convivencia Municipal- el 'Valor de la multa' es equivalente en pesos de quince litros de nafta de menor octanaje, valor surtidor o precio final al público, de la empresa estatal YPF plaza Córdoba se presenta un proyecto de ordenanza para que se modifique dicho artículo ya que un incremento en el valor de la nafta provocaría un incremento en las multas", consideran los concejales del bloque de ADN, liderado por Tomás Méndez, quienes sugirieron, en cambio, que se tome en cuenta la "Unidad Judicial de Medida (JUS) en lugar del litro de nafta"
http://www.lavoz.com.ar/ciudadanos/piden-descolgar-el-valor-...
Selected response from:

Charles Davis
Spain
Local time: 03:56
Grading comment
Selected automatically based on peer agreement.
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer



Summary of answers provided
4 +1JUS unit
Charles Davis
Summary of reference entries provided
Findings
lorenab23

  

Answers


27 mins   confidence: Answerer confidence 4/5Answerer confidence 4/5 peer agreement (net): +1
JUS unit


Explanation:
This is the Argentine system of a standard unit for fines and fees, similar to the standard scale, as it's known in the United Kingdom, or the Penalty Units system in Australia:

"The standard scale is a system whereby financial criminal penalties (fines) in legislation have maximum levels set against a standard scale. Then, when inflation makes it necessary to increase the levels of the fines the legislators need to modify only the scale rather than every individual piece of legislation."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Standard_scale#Scotland

"In Australian law, a penalty unit (abbreviated as PU) is an amount of money used to compute pecuniary penalties for many breaches of statute law. Fines are calculated by multiplying the value of one penalty unit by the number of penalty units prescribed for the offence.
Prior to the introduction of penalty units, fines and other charges were usually prescribed in terms of ordinary money (pounds or, later, dollars). However, the effects of inflation meant that originally substantial penalties were eventually reduced to trifling sums. Frequent amendment of the many laws and regulations dealing with pecuniary penalties would be a very time-consuming process. Penalty units provide a quick and simple way to adjust many different fees and charges."
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penalty_unit

I quote these because they explain the rationale behing standard units: they are convenient in places with inflation (such as Argentina) because by changing the value of a JUS unit you automatically update all the laws that specify fines.

""Artículo 17.- El Jus. Destino de los importes de las multas. La unidad para determinar la cuantía de la multa es el jus, el cual es el equivalente en pesos a la unidad jus que establece la ley 12.851 y vigente al momento de aplicar la sanción."
http://diputadossocialistas.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/P...

The JUS is also used to set legal fees:
https://www.casf.org.ar/colegio/ley-12851/

Here you can see how the value has been updated in Santa Fe province:
http://www.justiciasantafe.gov.ar/js/index.php?go=i&id=3791

I think you can call it a JUS unit; I would be inclined to put JUS in capitals, which will help to make it clear that's it's a conventional unit

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 1 hr (2018-07-07 05:59:05 GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

It seems that local fines in Córdoba were pegged to the price of gasoline (petrol), and it was proposed in 2017 that they should use the JUS unit instead:

"Piden descolgar el valor de las multas del litro de nafta [...]
Teniendo en cuenta que según el artículo 21 de la Ordenanza 12468 -Código de Convivencia Municipal- el 'Valor de la multa' es equivalente en pesos de quince litros de nafta de menor octanaje, valor surtidor o precio final al público, de la empresa estatal YPF plaza Córdoba se presenta un proyecto de ordenanza para que se modifique dicho artículo ya que un incremento en el valor de la nafta provocaría un incremento en las multas", consideran los concejales del bloque de ADN, liderado por Tomás Méndez, quienes sugirieron, en cambio, que se tome en cuenta la "Unidad Judicial de Medida (JUS) en lugar del litro de nafta"
http://www.lavoz.com.ar/ciudadanos/piden-descolgar-el-valor-...

Charles Davis
Spain
Local time: 03:56
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in category: 1271
Grading comment
Selected automatically based on peer agreement.

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Robin Levey: Neighbouring Chile uses the UTM or UTA (monthly/annual tax unit), which has a variable (constantly increasing!) exchange rate vis à vis the CLP. These units update the value of the penalty without requiring revisions to the law that sets them.
20 hrs
  -> Thanks, Robin. As the other question showed, Argentina's JUS for legal fees (different from the one for fines) is also known as UMA (unidad de medida arancelaria). This is a sensible system and certainly better than petrol prices.
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)




Reference comments


22 mins peer agreement (net): +1
Reference: Findings

Reference information:
FOLIO: 038
Río Gallegos, 17 de octubre de 2013
y VISTOS:
La Ley 3330 de ARANCELES Y HONORARIOS DE ABOGADOS Y PROCURADORES Y;
CONSIDERANDO:
Que el Art. 12 de la ley instituye el “Jus” la unidad de honorario profesional de Abogado o Procurador.
Que el “Jus”, representará el 1% de la remuneración total asignada al cargo de Juez Letrado de Primera Instancia de la Provincia de Santa Cruz, entendiéndose por tal la suma de todos aquellos rubros, sea cual fuere su denominación, incluida la bonificación por antigüedad por el tiempo exigido por el Art. 50 de la Ley 1 Texto según Ley 1600 (4 años), cuya determinación no dependa de la situación particular del Magistrado.-
[…]
RESUELVE:
1) Establecer la unidad de honorario profesional de Abogado o Procurador “Jus”, en pesos seiscientos dos con cero centavos ($ 602), el que será actualizado en forma trimestral
http://abogadossantacruz.org/el-tribunal-superior-de-justici...

TITULO III - DE LA UNIDAD DE MEDIDA ARANCELARIA

ARTICULO 9°: Institúyese con la denominación de "Jus" la unidad de honorario profesional de Abogado o Procurador, que representará el uno (1) por ciento de la remuneración total asignada al cargo de Juez Letrado de Primera Instancia de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, entendiéndose por tal la suma de todos aquellos rubros, sea cual fuere su denominación
https://www.camercedes.org.ar/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Ley...

El Colegio de Abogados de Santa Fe informa a sus colegiados que la Corte Suprema de Justicia ha modificado el valor de la denominada Unidad Jus de los honorarios profesionales, debido a un incremento salarial para el personal del Poder Judicial a partir del 1º de Abril de 2018, esto en función de la base de cálculo del valor JUS, el cual representa el (2 %) de la remuneración total, deducidos los adicionales porcentuales particulares, del cargo de Juez de Primera Instancia de Distrito (Art. 32 – Ley 12.851).
https://www.casf.org.ar/colegio/unidad-jus-asciende-a-2-1662...

lorenab23
United States
Specializes in field
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish, Native in SpanishSpanish
PRO pts in category: 168

Peer comments on this reference comment (and responses from the reference poster)
agree  Charles Davis: That's right: there's also a jus for legal fees, though in the question it's the one for fines.
18 mins
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)



KudoZ™ translation help

The KudoZ network provides a framework for translators and others to assist each other with translations or explanations of terms and short phrases.


See also:

Your current localization setting

English

Select a language

Term search
  • All of ProZ.com
  • Term search
  • Jobs
  • Forums
  • Multiple search