# "por exceso o por defecto" mathematics

## English translation: positive or negative

#### Login or register (free and only takes a few minutes) to participate in this question.

You will also have access to many other tools and opportunities designed for those who have language-related jobs
(or are passionate about them). Participation is free and the site has a strict confidentiality policy.
 07:44 Oct 25, 2002
Spanish to English translations [PRO]
Science - Mathematics & Statistics / mathematics
 Spanish term or phrase: "por exceso o por defecto" mathematics 2. The preceding restrictions allow for the violation of the non-bias conditions in each component of the mean function if this results in an improvement in the objective function. The slack variables capture the bias, por exceso o por defecto, in each component.
 Local time: 23:22
 English translation:positive or negative Explanation:The slack variables will absorb the bias irrespective of which direction the bias is in; whether it is a positive (tending to drive the values upwards) or negative (tending to drive the values downwards). The sentence then would read: "The slack variables capture the bias, whether positive or negative, in each component." I believe this interpretation makes more sense in the context than the previous ones above.
Selected response from:

GoodWords
Mexico
Local time: 16:22
 Thanks for getting me out of the excess + defect/deficiency/default rut. Your answer seems to fit, sounds OK and gets matches with kriging.4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

5 +1by excess / by defect
 two2tango
5positive or negative
 GoodWords
4 +1by excess or default
 Myriam Garcia Bernabe
5by excess or by deficiencyRefugio
4due either to excess or defaultABA
4due to excess or by default
 Marijke Singer

1 hr   confidence:
due to excess or by default

Explanation:
See web site:
http://www.westga.edu/~lvg/6450/IM09.htm
Which explains the 'excess' side of it.

"C. In profit-maximization linear programming problems, negative values for slack variables imply that the amount of an input resource employed exceeds the amount available."

And web site:
http://woldlab.caltech.edu/docs/MLX/user/node43.html

Which explains that 'slack values' have default values.

Hope this helps!

 Marijke SingerUnited KingdomLocal time: 22:22Works in fieldNative speaker of: English, Spanish

4 hrs   confidence: peer agreement (net): +1
by excess or default

Explanation:
Makes sense grammatically as well within your context

 Myriam Garcia BernabeUnited KingdomLocal time: 22:22Native speaker of: SpanishPRO pts in category: 4

agree
 7 hrs

5 hrs   confidence: peer agreement (net): +1
by excess / by defect

Explanation:
"By excess" means above the nominal value
"By defect" means below the nominal value.
They are not restricted to math

"By default" is not the best choice here, since it means "the value to be used when no value has been explicitly declared", so it is not the oposite of "by excess" .

"Transistor action depends on the fact that electrons in semiconductors can carry current in two different ways: by excess or conduction electrons and by defect "electrons" or holes"
http://www.stanford.edu/group/mmdd/SiliconValley/Bardeen-Bra...

... Cl y 2 , as an approximation by defect ... as ( ) exc will certainly be approximated by excess ... of and exc ) ( , plus the constant value of * , as a function ...
www.uoi.gr/conf_sem/cerapie/2000_January/ pdf/20giominif.pdf

... risk or precautionary timidity; its function ... the contrary vices by excess ... the extreme opposed by defect ... at which the existential value ... even for a small number ...
www.nd.edu/Departments/Maritain/etext/jmoral03.htm

... qualities are destroyed by defect and by excess. ... Virtues cause abilities to function well ... control of great ethical value ... thought that leaving the number ...
fathersmanifesto.com/aristotle.htm

 two2tangoArgentinaLocal time: 18:22Native speaker of: SpanishPRO pts in category: 28

agree
 1 hr

8 hrs   confidence:
by excess or by deficiency

Explanation:
Defect is used in the figurative sense of shortcoming: an imperfection. Deficiency is more precise in this context, as the opposite of excess.

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 2002-10-25 16:10:32 (GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

Chapter VII: Excess and Deficiency

http://www.beyondwellbeing.com/html/prognosis/xu.shi.htm
Excess versus Deficiency in Prognosis

--------------------------------------------------
Note added at 2002-10-25 16:11:53 (GMT)
--------------------------------------------------

Another possible translation would be: by excess or by deficit (the word from which deficiency is derived).

 RefugioLocal time: 14:22Native speaker of: EnglishPRO pts in category: 4

9 hrs   confidence:
positive or negative

Explanation:
The slack variables will absorb the bias irrespective of which direction the bias is in; whether it is a positive (tending to drive the values upwards) or negative (tending to drive the values downwards).

"The slack variables capture the bias, whether positive or negative, in each component."

I believe this interpretation makes more sense in the context than the previous ones above.

 GoodWordsMexicoLocal time: 16:22Specializes in fieldNative speaker of: EnglishPRO pts in category: 44
 Thanks for getting me out of the excess + defect/deficiency/default rut. Your answer seems to fit, sounds OK and gets matches with kriging.

10 hrs   confidence:
due either to excess or default

Explanation:
The slack variable capture the bias, due either to excess or default, in each component.

 ABA

#### KudoZ™ translation helpThe KudoZ network provides a framework for translators and others to assist each other with translations or explanations of terms and short phrases.

P.O. Box 903
Syracuse, NY 13201
USA
+1-315-463-7323
ProZ.com Argentina
Calle 14 nro. 622 1/2 entre 44 y 45
La Plata (B1900AND), Buenos Aires
Argentina
+54-221-425-1266
ProZ.com Ukraine
6 Karazina St.
Kharkiv, 61002
Ukraine
+380 57 7281624