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galénica

English translation: medicinal

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GLOSSARY ENTRY (DERIVED FROM QUESTION BELOW)
Spanish term or phrase:galénica
English translation:medicinal
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11:31 Jun 30, 2001
Spanish to English translations [PRO]
Medical
Spanish term or phrase: galénica
pharmaceutical: la formulación galénica más activa (de una droga)
Joseph Royal
United States
Local time: 17:19
medical, medicinal, or pharmaceutical
Explanation:
Galen was a Greek physician. "Galénico" is used figuratively, particularly as a synonym for "medicinal".


Galen (c. 129–c. 200)
Greek physician and anatomist whose ideas dominated Western medicine for almost 1,500 years. Central to his thinking were the theories of humours and the threefold circulation of the blood. He remained the highest medical authority until Andreas Vesalius and William Harvey exposed the fundamental errors of his system.

Galen postulated a circulation system in which the liver produced the natural spirit, the heart the vital spirit, and the brain the animal spirit. He also wrote about philosophy and believed that Nature expressed a divine purpose, a belief that became increasingly popular with the rise of Christianity (Galen himself was not a Christian). This helped to account for the enormous influence of his ideas.

Galen was born in Pergamum in Asia Minor and studied medicine there and at Smyrna (now Izmir), Corinth in Greece, and Alexandria in Egypt, after which he returned home to become chief physician to the gladiators at Pergamum. In 161 he went to Rome, where he became a society physician and attended the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. Although Galen made relatively few discoveries and relied heavily on the teachings of Hippocrates, he wrote a large number of books, more than 100 of which are known.

The dissection of human beings was then regarded as taboo and Galen made inferences about human anatomy from his many dissections animals. His detailed descriptions of bones and muscles, many of which he was the first to identify, are particularly good; he also noted that many muscles are arranged in antagonistic pairs. In addition he performed several vivisection experiments; for example, to show that urine passes from the kidneys down the ureters to the bladder. More important, he demonstrated that arteries carry blood, not air, thus disproving Erasistratus' view, which had been taught for some 500 years.

Selected response from:

Barbara Thomas
United States
Local time: 20:19
Grading comment
I've run across this word a couple times, and from the response I got, the field is pretty divided on it, but I think your answer fit the context best.
Thanks!
4 KudoZ points were awarded for this answer

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Summary of answers provided
na +1medical, medicinal, or pharmaceutical
Barbara Thomas
na +1galenical formulation
Davorka Grgic
nadiría "galenic formula"
Parrot
naAquí tienes la página de la definición en Proz.
Parrot
nagalenicalFuad Yahya
namedical
Carol Hart
naGalenical formulation
Terry Burgess
nadosage form
Helen Casas
naMY APOLOGIES FOR USING A "FALSE COGNATE"!!
Terry Burgess
nagalenic form/formulationAlbert Golub


  

Answers


10 mins
galenic form/formulation


Explanation:
websearch
good luck

Albert Golub
Local time: 02:19
Native speaker of: French
PRO pts in pair: 146
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12 mins
Galenical formulation


Explanation:
Es una marca comercial en la formulación de las drogas y se traduce así. Véase el sitio de abajo.

Espero te sirva:-)
tb.


    Reference: http://www.galenik.ethz.ch/
Terry Burgess
Mexico
Local time: 19:19
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 2372
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22 mins
dosage form


Explanation:
Dosage forms are the forms (tablets, capsules, etc.) in which drugs are administered to a patient.

Formulación can be either formula or formulation. Refers to the ingredients (active ingredient + excipients)

A link on dosage forms is indicated below (US FDA list of dosage forms).





    Reference: http://www.fda.gov/cder/drls/dosage.htm
Helen Casas
Local time: 02:19
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 20
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39 mins
MY APOLOGIES FOR USING A "FALSE COGNATE"!!


Explanation:
My earlier answer still stands, i.e., "Galenical formulation" and you can verify this at the website I mentioned. Additionally, I omitted to say that "galenical" is also to be found at EurodicAutom.

This apology stems from the fact that in my haste, I used the Spanish word "drogas" instead of "farmacéuticos". Sorry:-)
tb.

Terry Burgess
Mexico
Local time: 19:19
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 2372
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1 hr
medical


Explanation:
the most active medical formulation (of a drug)

Carol Hart
United States
Local time: 20:19
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 59
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

1 hr peer agreement (net): +1
medical, medicinal, or pharmaceutical


Explanation:
Galen was a Greek physician. "Galénico" is used figuratively, particularly as a synonym for "medicinal".


Galen (c. 129–c. 200)
Greek physician and anatomist whose ideas dominated Western medicine for almost 1,500 years. Central to his thinking were the theories of humours and the threefold circulation of the blood. He remained the highest medical authority until Andreas Vesalius and William Harvey exposed the fundamental errors of his system.

Galen postulated a circulation system in which the liver produced the natural spirit, the heart the vital spirit, and the brain the animal spirit. He also wrote about philosophy and believed that Nature expressed a divine purpose, a belief that became increasingly popular with the rise of Christianity (Galen himself was not a Christian). This helped to account for the enormous influence of his ideas.

Galen was born in Pergamum in Asia Minor and studied medicine there and at Smyrna (now Izmir), Corinth in Greece, and Alexandria in Egypt, after which he returned home to become chief physician to the gladiators at Pergamum. In 161 he went to Rome, where he became a society physician and attended the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. Although Galen made relatively few discoveries and relied heavily on the teachings of Hippocrates, he wrote a large number of books, more than 100 of which are known.

The dissection of human beings was then regarded as taboo and Galen made inferences about human anatomy from his many dissections animals. His detailed descriptions of bones and muscles, many of which he was the first to identify, are particularly good; he also noted that many muscles are arranged in antagonistic pairs. In addition he performed several vivisection experiments; for example, to show that urine passes from the kidneys down the ureters to the bladder. More important, he demonstrated that arteries carry blood, not air, thus disproving Erasistratus' view, which had been taught for some 500 years.




    Reference: http://ebooks.whsmithonline.co.uk/encyclopedia/36/M0003836.h...
Barbara Thomas
United States
Local time: 20:19
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 309
Grading comment
I've run across this word a couple times, and from the response I got, the field is pretty divided on it, but I think your answer fit the context best.
Thanks!

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Gillian Hargreaves: "Galenical" is used very infrequently in medical/pharmaceutical texts written in English
1 day 11 hrs
  -> I never use it English, I usually use medicinal or pharmaceutical
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2 hrs
diría "galenic formula"


Explanation:
porque dices que se trata de una droga. No obstante, "galenics" se emplea más para la parafarmacia y formas de curación más naturales.

Parrot
Spain
Local time: 02:19
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 7645
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2 hrs
Aquí tienes la página de la definición en Proz.


Explanation:
http://www.proz.com/v3/index.php3?sp=h&sid=&id=61630&keyword...

Parrot
Spain
Local time: 02:19
Native speaker of: Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 7645
Login to enter a peer comment (or grade)

4 hrs peer agreement (net): +1
galenical formulation


Explanation:
Collection Common Customs Tariff (=TDC77)
Spanish Term preparación farmacéutica llamada galénica
Dutch Term zogenaamd galenisch geneesmiddel;
galenisch preparaat(1)
Definition uit planten gewonnen geneesmiddel,bereid volgens de Farmacopée

ga·len·i·cal [g lnik'l ] noun (plural ga·len·i·cals)
natural drug: any medicinal preparation that is made from plant or animal tissue, especially vegetable matter, rather than being created synthetically

adjective
not synthetic: made from plant or animal tissue rather than synthesized

Glossary:

galenical (n.) ga·len·i·cal

an herb or other vegetable drug, distinguished from a mineral or chemical drug.

galenical (n.) ga·len·i·cal

a crude drug, tincture, or decoction, distinguished from a preparation that has been refined.

Galenic pharmacy Galen·ic phar·macy,

the art or practice of preparing and dispensing galenicals.
http://www.allwords.com/glossaryPage.php?CAT=PHA&letter=G%

Example:

There is only one company that has the ONLY TRUE COMPLETE ORIGINAL formulations of the 5 main basic formulas and the 240 galenical formulations used in the ESSIAC TREATMENT. There is only one company that supports and clinically.

http://members.aol.com/~essiac/certificate_statement_of_effi...



    see above
Davorka Grgic
Local time: 02:19
Native speaker of: Native in CroatianCroatian, Native in SpanishSpanish
PRO pts in pair: 498

Peer comments on this answer (and responses from the answerer)
agree  Terry Burgess: Thanks for agreeing with me! :-)
28 mins
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10 hrs
galenical


Explanation:
In English, "galenical" (with a small g and no accent) can be used either as a noun or as an adjective. As a noun, it means:

1. "A medicinal preparation composed mainly of herbal or vegetable matter" (American Heritage Dictionary); or

2. "A standard medicinal preparation (as an extract or tincture) containing usually one or more active constituents of a plant and made by a process that leaves the inert and other undesirable constituents of the plant undissolved " (Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary).

As an adjective, it means related to galenicals, as defined above.

As pointed out above, the term is derived from the name of the famous Greek anatomist and physician, but the main point is that, strictly speaking, “galenical” is not exactly coterminous or interchangeable with “medicinal,” “medical,” or “pharmaceutical.” Its lexical definition is somewhat narrower, despite some looseness in popular usage.

Fuad



    See citations above
Fuad Yahya
Native speaker of: Native in ArabicArabic, Native in EnglishEnglish
PRO pts in pair: 193
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