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Explanation: Adam, it is known that naloxone given to morphine-dependent rats increases the tail temperature and that oestrogens lowers it.
It is well documented that opioids and sex steroids modify body temperature in the rat. We have previously reported that the temperature responses to naloxone in the morphine-dependent rat was more pronounced in the female than in the male rat. In addition, ovariectomy but not castration resulted in altered temperature responses in the morphine-dependent rat, which suggests a role for estrogen in modifying the temperature responses. This study was designed to evaluate the effect of sex steroid hormones on the surge in tail skin temperature associated with administration of naloxone to morphine-dependent female rats. Ovariectomized female rats were treated with estrogen (0.5 mg pellet), progesterone (5 mg pellet), or the combined therapy for 21 days. Administration of naloxone to these morphine-dependent rats resulted in a 5.9 +/- 0.5 degrees C rise in tail skin temperature in the placebo control rats and 5.7 +/- 0.5 degrees C in the progesterone-treated group; there was a significantly reduced elevated in tail skin temperature of 3.1 +/- 1.0 degrees C and 2.9 +/- 1.0 degrees C in the and estrogen-progesterone treated groups. Body weights also were significantly depressed in the estrogen-treated groups. In a subsequent study, the effects of several doses of chronic estrogen treatment were evaluated (0.1-50 mg pellets). The elevation of tail skin temperature in response to administration of naloxone to morphine-dependent rats was significantly reduced at all doses of estrogen when compared with placebo-treated controls
David Brown Spain Local time: 06:15 Specializes in field Native speaker of: English PRO pts in category: 605