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21:37 Feb 22, 2018
This question was closed without grading. Reason: No acceptable answer
Spanish to English translations [PRO] Art/Literary - Paper / Paper Manufacturing
Spanish term or phrase:sensibilizado con hollín
This is the description of a technique used in a work by a contemporary artist from Paraguay. It appears in a caption, so no further context is available:
Papel de periódico en blanco sensibilizado con hollín y transferencias de imágenes de un periódico local
What is a carbon print?
Carbon prints are photographic images made of pigment in a gelatin binder, making them permanent. The major ingredient that makes up the dark portion of a carbon print is lamp black, sometimes called furnace black. Simply put, it is soot.
I think "sensitised with soot" may be parsing the sentence wrongly. It's more likely the newsprint has been painted with a sensitiser to turn it into photographic paper, then had soot sprinkled on it, then been exposed to light, and then the soot thrown away. But I can't be sure.
Could you tell us the artist's name? That's always helpful with questions like this, and presumably not giving away any trade secrets.
A cliché verre is, strictly speaking, a photographic print. To produce a cliché verre, a design is scratched on a piece of smoked glass so that light can pass through where the soot has been removed. A piece of photographic paper is placed underneath the glass and together they are exposed to light. The blackened area of the glass thus acts as a stencil, protecting the sheet below from the light, resulting in the appearance of black lines on the paper corresponding to the lines that were scratched through the soot. Corot first used this technique in the 1850s.
Translated from French, ‘cliché-verre’ means glass picture. The 19th century French painters Corot, Millet, Daubigny and others, used this method of making pictures, which involves creating a hand made negative. These artists took pieces of flat glass, smoked them with a lit candle, and drew images in the soot-covered surface with a sharp pointed instrument. Then they would place the glass over a sheet of photographic paper and expose it to light.
When light passes through the clear parts of the glass that is scratched, it produces a line drawing in black on a white background. Contact prints made from these negatives have a wonderful sense of belonging to the realms of both drawing and photography.