English translation: alterations and additional work
Login or register (free and only takes a few minutes) to participate in this question.
You will also have access to many other tools and opportunities designed for those who have language-related jobs (or are passionate about them). Participation is free and the site has a strict confidentiality policy.
My 1999 Norstedts Svenska Ordbok defines 'akronym' as "förkortning som består av initialer och uppfattas som ett namn el. ett ord, t.ex. NATO och SIFO", but Svenska Akademians ordlista (online) has only "förkortning som består av initialer".
So as you say, Mats , confusion reigns in Swedish.
Strictly, the English (BrEng and USEng) definition of 'acronym' is as in the OED extracts I produced earlier, but some sloppy usage also uses acronym for any initialism.
We must agree to disagree on the English usage, Mats, but this has been an interesting discussion and we haven't even got onto hybrids like Benelux, radar and JPEG!
I never said that acronym and abbreviation are synonyms. Indeed they are not. But ÅTA is definitely an abbreviation. It may also be an acronym. Anyway, Anya didn't actually claim it was an abbreviation - she just asked for one :-)
Mats, I agree with you that abbreviation and acronym are not synonymous. As I said, an acronym is a *type* of abbreviation.
I disagree however, when you say ÄTA is an acronym, solely because it consists of the initials of 3 words. It may be, depending on how it is pronounced. If you can assure me that it is generally pronounced ’äta’ (i.e. same as the Swedish for ’eat’), then I can agree.
I wonder if we are arguing because there is no concept of an initialism in Swedish and 'akronym' is applied to all initial letter abbreviations?
The fact the acronym is A SORT OF abbreviation does not suggest that a and a are synonyms. You don't in earnest equalize pump and heart only because the heart is A SORT OF pump, do you? Anya's term is still an ancronym (consisting of the initials of 3 words)
Abbreviation: a shortened form of a word or phrase.
Acronym:an abbreviation formed from the initial letters of other words and pronounced as a word (e.g. ASCII, NASA).
Initialism:an abbreviation consisting of initial letters pronounced separately (e.g. BBC).
Thus Acronym is a type of Abbreviation as Chris S says.
So if ÄTA is pronounced "äta" in Swedish it is an acronym, but if its letters are pronounced separately "Ä.T.A." then it is an Initialism; both versions are Abbreviations.
Only someone familiar with current spoken Swedish in the Construction Industry can tell us if it is an Acronym. Meanwhile Anya rightly used Abbreviation.