Translation glossary: Law - Courts

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District Registrysee High Court 
English
Divisional CourtAs well as having an original jurisdiction of their own, all three divisions of the High Court have appellate jurisdiction to hear appeals from lower 
English
DivorceDissolution or nullity of marriage 
English
DockEnclosure in criminal Court for the defendant on trial 
English
Either-way Offence(see Indictable Offence, Summary Offence) An offence for which the accused may elect the case to be dealt with either summarily by the magistrates or 
English
EnforcementMethod of pursuing a civil action after judgment has been made in favour of a party. Process carried out by Magistrates Court to collect fines and oth 
English
Entry of JudgmentDecision of the Court in favour of one or other of the parties 
English
EstateThe rights and assets of a person in property 
English
Execution(see Levy) Seizure of debtors goods following non payment of a Court order 
English
ExecutorA person or persons specified to carry out the provisions of a will 
English
ExemptTo be freed from liability or allegiance 
English
ExhibitItem or document referred to in an affidavit or used as evidence during a Court trial or hearing 
English
Expert WitnessPerson employed to give evidence on a subject in which they are qualified or have expertise 
English
Family Divisionsee High Court 
English
Fast TrackThe path that defended claims of more than £5000 but not more than £15000 are allocated to 
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FeeMonies payable on issue of an claim or subsequent process 
English
FiatA decree or command 
English
Fieri-Facias (FI-FA)(see Sheriff) High Court version of warrant of execution in County Court. A directive by a High Court to a sheriff to seize sufficient goods of a debt 
English
GarnisheeA summons issued by a plaintiff, against a third party, for seizure of money or other assets in their keeping, but belonging to the defendant 
English
GuarantorSomeone who promises to make payment for another if payment is not made by the person responsible for making the repayments of a loan or hire purchase 
English
GuardianA person appointed to safeguard/protect/manage the interests of a child or person under mental disability (see Next Friend) 
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High CourtA civil Court which consists of three divisions:- 
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High Court Judgesee Judge and High Court 
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Indictable OffenceA criminal offence triable only by the Crown Court. The different types of offence are classified 1, 2, 3 or 4. Murder is a class 1 offence 
English
InfantAlso known as a minor: A person under 18 years of age which prevents them from acting on their own behalf in legal proceedings (see Next Friend) 
English
InjunctionAn order by a Court either restraining a person or persons from carrying out a course of action or directing a course of action be complied with. Fail 
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Insolvencysee Bankrupt 
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Inspection of Documents(see Discovery of documents) Following disclosure of each parties documents by discovery, the arrangements made by the parties to allow mutual exchang 
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InterlocutoryInterim, pending a full order/decision, eg interlocutory judgment for damages pending further hearing to assess amount to be awarded and entered as fi 
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InterpleaderA claim by a third party to ownership of goods levied upon under a warrant of execution which is disputed by a creditor. The Court then issues an inte 
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IntestateWithout leaving a will 
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IssueTo initiate legal proceedings in pursuit of a claim 
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JudgeAn officer appointed to administer the law and who has authority to hear and try cases in a Court of law 
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JudgmentFinal decision of a Court A monetary judgment requires the payment of a sum of money by one party to another 
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Judicial/Judiciaryi) Relating to the Administration of justice or to the judgment of a Court ii) A judge or other officer empowered to act as a judge 
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JuratA statement contained at the conclusion of an affidavit which states the name of the person giving the evidence, the name of the person before whom an 
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JurisdictionThe area and matters over which a Court has legal authority 
English
Juror(see Jury) A person who has been summoned by a Court to be a member of the jury 
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JuryBody of jurors sworn to reach a verdict according to the evidence in a Court 
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Justice of the PeaceA lay magistrate - person appointed to administer judicial business in a Magistrates Court. Also sits in the Crown Court with a judge or recorder to h 
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JuvenilePerson under 17 years of age 
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Landlord and Tenant ActAct which empowers applications (seeking extension of a lease or some other action concerning tenancy 
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LawThe system made up of rules established by an act of parliament, custom or practice enjoining or prohibiting certain action (see also Common Law) 
English
Law LordsDescribes the judges of the House of Lords who are known as the Lords of Appeal in ordinary 
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LeaseThe letting of land or tenements, eg rent etc, for property for a prescribed period 
English
Legal AidFacility for the fees and expenses of counsel, solicitors or other legal representatives retained by those of modest means to be paid from a fund admi 
English
Legal Personal RepresentativeThe person to whom a grant of probate or letters of ADMINISTRATION has been issued 
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LegateePerson to whom personal estate is given by will 
English
Letters of AdministrationAuthority granted by a Probate Registry to someone interested in the estate of a person who has died without leaving a will. The order allows the \'ad 
English
Levy(see Execution and Fi-Fa) A duty carried out by a bailiff or sheriff under the authority of a warrant or writ of fi-fa, for a sum of money whereby goo 
English
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