Translation glossary: Law - Courts

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LibelA written and published statement/article which infers damaging remarks on a persons reputation 
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LicencePermission to carry out an act that would otherwise be considered illegal 
English
LienA legal right to withhold the goods/property of another until payment is made 
English
Listing QuestionnaireThis form is used to ensure that all issues are resolved and that the parties are ready for trial. Used for Fast track and Multi track claims only 
English
LitigationLegal proceedings 
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Long VacationPeriod between 1 August and 30 September in each year during which there are only restricted High Court sittings for urgent matters 
English
Lord ChancellorThe cabinet minister who acts as speaker of the House of Lords and oversees the hearings of the Law Lords. Additional responsibilities include supervi 
English
Lord Chief JusticeSenior judge of the Court of Appeal (Criminal Division) who also heads the Queens Bench Division of the High Court of Justice) 
English
Lord Justice of AppealTitle given to certain judges sitting in the Court of Appeal 
English
Magistrates CourtA Court where criminal proceedings are commenced before justices of the peace who examine the evidence/statements and either deal with the case themse 
English
Maintenance Pending SuitA temporary order for financial provision made within divorce proceedings until such time as the proceedings are finalised (ie by issue of the Decree 
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Master(see Registrar) Judicial officer of the High Court in the Royal Courts of Justice who normally deals with preliminary matters before trial 
English
Master of the RollsSenior judge of the Court of Appeal (Civil Division) 
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Matter(see Originating Application) Proceedings commenced by way of originating application 
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Mesne ProfitsSum of money claimed by the owner of property against someone not legally entitled to be in possession. Calculated from the date the notice to quit ex 
English
MinorSomeone below 18 years of age and unable to sue or be sued without representation, other than for wages. A minor sues by a next friend and defends by 
English
MitigationReasons submitted on behalf of a guilty party in order to excuse or partly excuse the offence committed in an attempt to minimise the sentence 
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MortgageA loan of money advanced to purchase property. The transfer of the property is withheld as security for payment 
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MortgageeThe party that advances the loan 
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MortgagorThe party obtaining the loan 
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MotionAn application by one party to the High Court for an order in their favour 
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Multi TrackThe path that defended claims over £15000 are allocated to 
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Next Friend(see GUARDIAN) A person representing a minor or mental patient who is involved in legal proceedings 
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Non-MolestationAn order within an injunction to prevent one person physically attacking another 
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Non-SuitProceedings where the plaintiff has failed to establish to the Court\'s satisfaction that there is a case for the defendant to answer 
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Notary PublicSomeone who is authorised to swear oaths and certify the execution of deeds 
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Notice of IssueNotice sent by a Court to the claimant giving notification of the case number allocated to their action and details of fees paid. Confirms date of ser 
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Notice to QuitGives prior notice, when served in possession proceedings, of termination of a tenancy 
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NullityApplication to the Court for a declaration that a marriage be declared \'void\' or be annulled ie declared never to have existed or to have subsisted 
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Oath(see AFFIRMATION) A verbal promise by a person with religious beliefs to tell the truth 
English
Official ReceiverA civil servant who works for the Department of trade and Industry and is appointed by the Court to act as:- 
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Official SolicitorA solicitor or barrister appointed by the Lord Chancellor and working in the Lord Chancellor\'s Department. The duties include representing, in legal 
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Oral ExaminationA method of questioning a person under oath before an officer of the Court to obtain details of their financial affairs 
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OrderA direction by a Court 
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Originating Application(see MATTER) A method of commencing proceedings under the authority of a specific act of parliament, eg Landlord and Tenant Act, whereby the applicant 
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OusterAn order within an injunction to force a person to leave a property 
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ParticularsDetails relevant to a claim 
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PartyAny of the participants in a Court action or proceedings 
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Party and PartyCosts that one party must pay to another 
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PatientA person who is deemed incapable of handling his/her own affairs by reason of mental incapacity and who is under the jurisdiction of the Court of Prot 
English
Peanl NoticeDirections attached to an order of a Court stating the penalty for disobedience may result in imprisonment 
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Personal ApplicationApplication made to the Court without legal representation 
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Personal ServiceEPersonal delivery (ie not by mail) of a claim, summons or notice 
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PetitionA method of commencing proceedings whereby the order required by the petitioner from the Court is expressed as a prayer, eg the petitioner therefore p 
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PetitionerA person who presents the petition 
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Plainiffsee CLAIMANT 
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Plaint Notesee NOTICE OF ISSUE 
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Plaint NumberOld-fashioned term for Claim Number 
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PleaA defendant\'s reply to a charge put to him by a court; ie guilty or not guilty 
English
PleadingDocuments setting out claim/defence of parties involved in civil proceedings 
English
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