Translation glossary: Law - Courts

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Possession ProceesingsLegal proceedings by a landlord to recover land/property ie house, flat, garage etc 
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Power of ArrestAn order attached to some injunctions to allow the police to arrest a person who has broken the terms of the order 
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Pre-trial ReviewA preliminary appointment at which the DISTRICT Judge consider the issues before the Court and fixes the timetable for the trial 
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PrecendentThe decision of a case which established principles of law that act as an authority for future cases of a similar nature 
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President of the Family DivisionSenior judge and head of the family Division of the High Court of Justice 
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ProbateThe legal recognition of the validity of a will 
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ProcessThe document commencing a claim or subsequent action 
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ProsecutionThe institution or conduct of criminal proceedings against a person 
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ProsecutorPerson who prosecutes (see PROSECUTION) 
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Public trusteeA person (usually a barrister or solicitor) appointed by the Lord Chancellor as 
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Puisne Judge(Pronounced Puny) High Court judge. Any judge of the High Court other than the heads of each division. The word puisne means junior and is used to dis 
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Putative FatherThe alleged or supposed father of an illegitimate child 
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QuantumIn a damages claim the amount to be determined by the court 
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QuashTo annul; ie to declare no longer valid 
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Queens Bench Divisionsee HIGH COURT 
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Queens CouncelBarristers of at least ten years standing may apply to become queen\'s counsel. QCs undertake work of an important nature and are referred to as \'sil 
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ReceiverPerson appointed by the Court of Protection to act on behalf of a patient 
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RecognisanceAn undertaking before the Court by which a person agrees to comply with a certain condition, eg keep the peace/appear in court. A sum of money is norm 
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Recorder(also Assistant Recorder) Members of the legal profession (barristers or solicitors) who are appointed to act in a judicial capacity on a part time ba 
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RedeterminationAn application by a solicitor or counsel for amounts assessed by determination to be reconsidered 
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Registrar(see DISTRICT JUDGE) Registrars and deputy registrars were renamed DISTRICT Judges and Deputy DISTRICT Judges respectively in the Courts and Legal Ser 
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RemandTo order an accused person to be kept in custody or placed on bail pending further Court appearance 
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RespondentThe person on whom a petition or originating application is served 
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Right of AudienceEntitlement to appear before a Court in a legal capacity and conduct proceedings on behalf of a party to the proceedings 
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ServiceDelivery by post or personal service of the claim, or other court documents 
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SheriffAn officer of the Crown whose duties, amongst other things, consist of the enforcement of High Court writs of execution 
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SILKQueens Counsel, a senior barrister sometimes referred to as a leader or leading counsel 
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SLANDERSpoken words which have a damaging effect on a person\'s reputation 
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Small Claims TrackThe path that defended claims of no more than £5000 (and Personal Injury and Housing Disrepair claims of no more than £1000) are allocated to 
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SolicitorMember of the legal profession chiefly concerned with advising clients and preparing their cases and representing them in some Courts. May also act as 
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Specified ClaimA type of claim which is issued for a fixed amount of money allegedly owing. Previously known as a liquidated claim 
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SquatterA person occupying land or property without the owners consent 
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StatementA written account by a witness of the facts of details of a matter 
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Statutary InstrumentA document issued by the delegated authority (usually a Government Minister or committee) named within an act of parliament which affects the workings 
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Stay of ExecutionAn order following which judgment cannot be enforced without leave of the court 
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Stipendiary MagistrateA legally qualified and salaried Magistrate 
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SubpoenaA summons issued to a person directing their attendance in Court to give evidence 
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SuitLegal proceedings commenced by petition 
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SuitorPerson bringing a suit before the Courts 
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Summary Assessment (of costs)Where the question of costs is dealt with at the conclusion of the hearing 
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Summary JudgmentJudgment obtained by a plaintiff where there is no defence to the case or the defence contains no valid grounds 
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Summary Offence(see INDICTABLE, EITHER WAY OFFENCE) A criminal offence which is triable only by a Magistrates Court 
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Summing-upA review of the evidence and directions as to the law by a judge immediately before a jury retires to consider its verdict 
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SummonsOrder to appear or to produce evidence to a Court Also the old name for a claim form 
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Summons (Jury)Order to attend for jury service 
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Summons (Witness)Order to appear as a witness at a hearing 
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Supreme Court of JudicatureCollective name encompassing - High Court of Justice, Crown Court and Court of Appeal 
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SuretyA person\'s undertaking to be liable for another\'s default or non-attendance at Court 
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Suspended SentenceA custodial sentence which will not take effect unless there is a subsequent offence within a specified period 
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Taxation of Costs(see SUMMARY ASSESSMENT and DETAILED ASSESSMENT) An examination of a solicitor\'s bill in civil proceedings by a Court to ensure that all charges agai 
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