Translation glossary: Law - Courts

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TestorA person who makes a will 
English
TipstaffAn officer of the Supreme Court whose duties involve the enforcement of High Court arrest warrants 
English
TortA civil wrong committed against a person for which compensation may be sought through a civil Court, eg personal injury, negligent driving, libel etc 
English
Trial WindowA period of time within which the case must be listed for trial 
English
TribunalA group of people consisting of a chairman (normally solicitor/barrister) and others who exercise a judicial function to determine matters related to 
English
TrustProperty legally entrusted to a person with instructions to use it for another person (or persons benefit) 
English
TrusteeA person who holds or administers property in a trust for another (or others) 
English
Unspecified ClaimA claim where the amount to be awarded is left to the Court to determine, eg damages to be assessed for personal injuries. Previously known as an unli 
English
VerdictThe finding of guilty or not guilty by a jury 
English
Vice ChancellorSenior judge and head of the Chancery Division of the High Court of Justice (although the Lord Chancellor is the nominal head) 
English
WaedshipHigh Court action making a minor a ward of court 
English
Walking PossessionA signed agreement by a debtor not to remove goods levied by a bailiff under the authority of a warrant of execution and to allow the bailiff access a 
English
Ward of CourtThe title given to a minor who is the subject of a wardship order. The order ensures that custody of the minor is held by the Court with day to day ca 
English
Warrant of CommittalMethod of enforcing an order of the Court whereby the penalty for failing to comply with its terms is imprisonment; the bailiff is authorised to carry 
English
Warrant of DeliveryMethod of enforcing a judgment for the return of goods (or value of the goods) whereby a bailiff is authorised to recover the goods (or their value) f 
English
Warrant of ExecutionMethod of enforcing a judgment for a sum of money whereby a bailiff is authorised, in lieu of payment, to seize and remove goods belonging to a defend 
English
Warrant of PossessionMethod of enforcing a judgment for possession of a property whereby a bailiff is authorised to evict people and secure against re-entry 
English
Warrant of RestitutionA remedy available following illegal re-entry of premises by persons evicted under a warrant of possession. The bailiff is authorised to evict all occ 
English
WillA declaration of a person\'s intentions to distribute his/her estate and assets 
English
Winding upThe voluntary or compulsory closure of a company and the subsequent realisation of assets and payment to creditors 
English
WitnessA person who gives evidence in Court (see also EXPERT WITNESS) 
English
Writ of Summons(see CLAIM) 
English
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